"Fiddown", a parish and village, in the barony of Iverk, county of Kilkenny, and province of Leinster, on the high road from Kilkenny to Carrick; containing, with the post-town of Pilltown, 4296 inhabitants, of which number, 193 are in the village. This parish, the name of which is said to be derived from Fiodh. "a wood," and Doon, a "rath" or "fort," is bounded on the west by the river Lingawn, which is crossed by a good stone bridge, and on the south by the river Suir; it comprises 10,485 statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act. The village of Fiddown consists of 36 houses, and has fairs on April 25th, June 10th, Sept. 29th, and Nov. 30th. It is situated on the bank of the river Suir, which is navigable throughout the extent of the parish for vessels of large burden, and abounds with excellent salmon and trout. Besborough, the fine old mansion of the Earl of Besborough, is situated in a well-wooded park of more than 500 acres. The house, which is built of hewn blue limestone, is 100 feet in front by 80 feet in depth; the great hall is supported by four Ionic columns of Kilkenny marble, each of a single stone 10 1/2 feet high; it was erected in 1744. The principal seats are Belline, Fanningstown, Tyburoughny Castle, Willmount, Cookestown, Garrynarca, and the glebe-house of Rev. W. Gregory. The living is a rectory and vicarage, in the diocese of Ossory, united by act of council, in 1689, to the rectories of Owning and Bewley, and Tubrid, and the rectories and vicarages of Castlane and Tipperaghney, and in the patronage of the Bishop. The glebe-house was built in 1817; and the glebe comprises 48 acres. The church is situated in the village, on the site of an abbey, of which St. Maidoc or Momoedoc is said to have been abbot in 590. In the R. C. divisions the parish forms part of the union or district of Templeorum; the chapel at Pilltown. In the schools at Pilltown, an infants' school, and a national school at Tubbernabrona, about 300 children are instructed: there are also a private school, in which are about 40 children, and two Sunday schools.
[From A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837)]