"CULSAMOND, or Culsalmond, a parish, in the district of Garioch, county of Aberdeen, 2½ miles (N. W.) from Old Rain; containing 1104 inhabitants. This place is said to have derived its name from the Gaelic term Cul-Sal-Mon, signifying "the end of the hill lands". It is about four and a half miles in length, from north to south, and three in breadth; comprising 7400 acres, of which 4000 are in tillage, 300 in pasture, 900 in plantations, and the remainder uncultivated. . . The turnpike-road from Aberdeen to Inverness, by Inverury, Old Rain, and Huntly, passes through the parish. St. Sair's fair is held here, in June, for cattle, horses, sheep, and wool. Ecclesiastically the parish is in the presbytery of Garioch, synod of Aberdeen, and in the patronage of Sir John Forbes: the minister's stipend is £150, of which above a third is received from the exchequer; with a manse, and a glebe of ten acres, valued at £30 per annum. Culsamond church is in good condition. The parochial school affords instruction in the usual branches; the master has a salary of £34, with a house, erected in 1823, a allowance in lieu of a garden, and about £19 fees. . . More"
[From Samuel Lewis A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1851) - copyright Mel Lockie 2016]