"GARTLY, a parish, partly in the county of Banff, and partly in the district of Strathbogie, county of Aberdeen, 4 miles (S.) from Huntly; containing 1037 inhabitants. This parish is divided nearly in the centre, by the river Bogie, into two portions, one of which, called the Barony, is within the county of Banff. . . The other portion of the parish, called the Braes, is in the county, and within the control of the sheriff, of Aberdeen. . . Its surface is diversified with hills and valleys, and with numerous glens of highly picturesque appearance: from the hills many rivulets descend into the Bogie, which rises in Auchindoir, and after winding for fourteen miles through this parish and that of Rhynie, joins the Doveron near Huntly. The eastern and western parts of the parish are especially hilly, and have extensive moors abounding in grouse and other game. . . The soil, especially in the valleys and lower grounds, is extremely fertile, producing abundant crops; and the system of agriculture is advanced: the five-shift course of husbandry generally prevails, being found best adapted to the soil and climate. . . The farm-buildings are substantial and commodious; and there are tolerable facilities of intercourse with the neighbouring market-towns by the turnpike-road which passes through the parish for nearly four miles. The annual value of real property in Gartly is £4437. Ecclesiastically the parish is within the bounds of the presbytery of Strathbogie, synod of Moray. . . Gartly church was erected in 1621; but with the exception of the steeple, little of the original edifice is remaining: it has undergone many alterations within the last twenty or thirty years, and now affords accommodation to nearly 600 persons. The members of the Free Church have a place of worship. . . More"
[From Samuel Lewis A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1851) - copyright Mel Lockie 2016]