"STRATHDON, or Invernochty, a parish, in the district of Alford, county of Aberdeen, 19 miles (W. by S.) from Alford; containing 1563 inhabitants. This parish, originally called Invernochty, derived that name from the position of its church near the influx of the river Nochty into the Don; and its present appellation, from its extensive and beautiful strath, or valley, through which the river Don takes a winding course, dividing the parish into two nearly equal parts. . . The parish, which constitutes the western extremity of the county, is about twenty-three miles in length, and varies from three to eight miles in breadth. . . Its surface is strikingly diversified, presenting in fine contrast a considerable extent of level and fertile vale, and large tracts of mountainous elevation, combining all the varieties of wild and rugged Highland scenery. . . On the arable lands the soil, is mostly a deep loam, in some places alternated with gravel: the lower acclivities of the hills are especially fertile. There are large peat-mosses on the summits of the hills. . . The corn crops are oats, a small quantity of barley, and considerable quantities of bear; turnips are cultivated to a great extent, and potatoes are also grown. . . The agricultural produce beyond what is requisite for the supply of the inhabitants, and also the fat-cattle, are sent to Aberdeen. . . For ECCLESIASTICAL purposes this place is within the bounds of the presbytery of Alford and synod of Aberdeen. The minister's stipend, including a commutation of £17. 12. for peats, is about £210; with an excellent manse, and a glebe valued at £2. 12. 6. per annum: patron, the Crown. The church was rebuilt in 1757, and reseated and repaired in 1808; it is a substantial structure containing 504 sittings. . . More"
[From Samuel Lewis A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1851) - copyright Mel Lockie 2016]