"Lying on the bay of Lunan, where the river of that names discharges itself into the German Ocean. It is of rectangular figure, 2 miles long, and 1 broad; containing 1411 acres, of which 973 are arable. The surface towards the bay is flat, rising rapidly from the plain and river towards the North; the soil in the higher parts is shallow and wet, from lying upon a bed of muirstone rock; the lower grounds are deep and fertile, except close to the sea, where it is sandy. It is distant seven miles from Arbroath, and five and a half from Montrose."
The Gazetteer of Scotland, W Chalmers, Dundee 1803.