"About 5 miles long, and 2 broad, watered by the South Esk river. The general appearance is flat, rising towards the South to the summit of the hill of Findhaven, which is elevated 1500 feet above the level of the adjacent country. The soil is clayey and muiry, and the climate cold and moist. Besides the vestiges of an old castle ont he top of Findhaven, there are remains of a rectangular encampment; in the midst of which are two tumuli, which have never been opened."
The Gazetteer of Scotland, W Chalmers, Dundee 1803.