"About 12 miles long, and on an average 4 broad; though in some places, its breadth extends to 8 or 10. The river South Esk runs through it, as well as the limpid Noran, which here joins the former river. The greater part of the parish is hilly and mountainous; and the banks of the rivers present a variety of romantic scenes. The soil is in general good, more inclined to clay than sand."
The Gazetteer of Scotland, W Chalmers, Dundee 1803.