Is an ancient and thriving little manufacturing town, in the parish of it's name, and district of Cunningham; 24 miles from Glasgow, 3 nw of Irvine, 4 ne of Saltcoats, the like distance s of Dalry, 10 nw of Kilmarnock and 5 from Ardrossan; situate on rising ground about 2 miles from the sea; stretching westward from the right bank of the Garnock, and approached through long ambrageous paths, skirted by beautiful fields.
It consists chiefly of one street and bye-lanes, with a few rows of modern houses. The weaving and manufacture of gauzes, muslins, shawls, etc are carried on, to an important extent, for the Glasgow and Paisley markets, to which they are conveyed by the local agents. The agricultural produce of the parish is likewise considerable; and coals, which are obtained in abundance, are conveyed by a railway passing from east to west across the parish. The only remarkable objects are, the picturesque ruins of the ancient abbey founded by Hugh de Morville in 1140; and the beautiful tower of the church, to which its style of architecture bears no resemblance; this tower cost, exclusive of the old materials, the sum of £2,000, raised by subscription and to which the late Earl of Eglintoun was a liberal contributor. The present Earl has a fine mansion in the neighbourhood, called Eglintoun castle.
Kilwinning was the first place in Scotland where free masonry was established; it is said to have been introduced by the foreign architect who was employed in erecting the monastery here. Besides the distinction acquired from its ancient masonic lodge, it is also remarkable for being the seat of a company of archers, ascertained to have existed as early as the year 1488; and the society at the present day is most respectable.
Fairs are held on the 1st of February, new style; and on the first Wednesday after the 19th of October, old style.
Donald McMallan - post master - The Kilmarnock, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Irish and English mails arrive every morning at half past seven and are despatched every evening at five.
|NOBILITY, GENTRY AND CLERGY:|
|Bowman, Miss M. of Ashgrove ||Campbell, Rev Archibald Manse|
|Cowan, Rev Samuel ||Eglintoun, the Right Hon. Earl of - Elgintoun castle|
|Glasgow, Robt Esq of Mountgreenan ||Johnston, George Esq Redbarn|
|McGregor, Rev Alexander ||Miller, Wm Esq of Mount castle|
|Reid, James Esq of Dalegarven ||Smith, Mrs Smithton|
|Boyle, William writer and notary ||Brown, John surgeon|
|Burns, Robert surgeon ||Craig, Robert surgeon|
|Cunningham, John writer and notary ||King, Hugh writer and notary|
|Ramsay, John MD surgeon || |
|AGENTS TO MANUFACTURERS:|
|Boyd, Bryce ||Brown, William ||Cochran, Agnes|
|Conn, Hugh ||Conn, Hugh jnr ||Richmond, John|
|Richie, John ||Service, John ||Service, Robert|
|Woodside, Hugh ||Young, Andrew ||Young, George |
|Auchenteber Boys School ||William Cameron - master|
|Bullerholes Boys School ||Thos Thomson - master|
|Byre's Boys School ||James Miller Gardiner - master|
|Dalgarvan Boys School ||George Young - master|
|Gibson, Helen (girls' day) || |
|Goldie, Hugh (boys' day) || |
|Hamilton, John (boys' day) || |
|McFie, Jean (girls'day) || |
|Martin, Hannah (girls' day) || |
|Parish School ||James Ramsay - master|
|INNKEEPERS AND VINTERS:|
|Blair, Jas (Eglintoun Arms) ||Boyd, James ||Boyd, John|
|Brown, Robert ||Conn, Hugh & Co ||Dickie, Robert|
|Fulton, James ||Gray, Robert ||Kenneth, Elizabeth|
|Kerr, William ||Knox, James ||McGavin, Robert|
|McMaster, James ||McVey, Charles ||Miller, William|
|Pritchard, Robert ||Skeoch, John ||Smith John|
|Wallace, Andrew ||Whinton, Andrew ||Wilson, Hugh|
|Wyllie, John || || |
|SHOPKEEPERS AND TRADERS:|
|Adair, William cabinet maker ||Aitken, David tailor|
|Allan, Wm watch and clock maker ||Allan, William blacksmith|
|Anderson, Thomas lime burner Monkredden ||Blair, James clock and watch maker|
|Boyd, James auctioneer ||Boyd, John grocer|
|Brydone, John grocer ||Carverrie, John tailor|
|Clark, David flesher ||Clark, John linen draper|
|Clark, Thomas flesher ||Conn, Hugh & Co grocer|
|Craig, Thomas grocer ||Crawford, Robert grocer|
|Dickie, Robert corn miller ||Dowra Collery Co Monkredden|
|Dunsmuir, John coal proprietor East Dowra ||Fennie Archibald Coal proprietor Fergus Hill|
|Fulton, James grocer ||Goldie, John tailor|
|Jack, James shoe maker ||Kenneth, Archibald coal manager|
|King, Thomas millwright ||Kirkwood, James grocer and draper|
|Knox, James grocer ||Knox, John grocer & spirit dealer|
|Lambe, George grocer ||Leitch, William baker|
|McGavin, Robt grocer & auctioneer ||McKannan, James grocer|
|McNair, William flesher ||Miller, William ironmonger|
|Montgomerie, Hugh shoe maker ||Muir, David cabinet maker|
|Muir, William cabinet maker ||Murray, John tailor|
|Nevvin, Isabella straw hat maker ||Pritchard, Robert grocer|
|Reid, James wheelwright ||Richie & Cochrane tanners &c|
|Robertson, James blacksmith ||Scott, John grocer|
|Service, James blacksmith ||Service, Margaret straw hat maker|
|Taylor & Kennedy coal proprietors Eglintoun colliery ||Todd, James turner|
|Wallace, Andrew blacksmith ||Whinton, Andrew grocer|
|Whinton, John cartwright ||Wilson, Hugh flax dresser|
|Wyllie, David tailor ||Wyllie, John grocer|
|Young, James corn merchant ||Young, Joseph linen draper|
PLACES OF WORSHIP:
Established Church Rev Archibald Blair Campbell manse
Antiburghers no minister
United Secession Rev Alexander McGregor
To Ardrossan: the 'Ayrshire Lass' (from Kilmarnock) calls at Eglintoun Arms every morning (Sunday excepted) at half past nine.
To Glasgow: the 'Fair Trader' (from Saltcoats) calls at Wallace's every morning (Sunday excepted) at half past seven and the 'Herald' at half past six in the evening.
To Kilmarnock: the 'Time Keeper' and an omnibus (from Saltcoats) call at Eglington Arms every morning (Sunday excepted) at half past eight and the 'Ayrshire Lass' (from Ardrossan) at half past six in the evening.
To Saltcoats: the 'Herald' (from Glasgow) calls at Wallace's every morning (Sunday excepted) at half past nine and the 'Fair Trader' at eight in the evening; an omnibus (from Kilmarnock) calls at the Eglintoun Arms, every evening (Sunday excepted) at half past five and the 'Time Keeper' at six.
To Glasgow & Paisley: Jas Jack and Robert Boyd, every Tuesday and Friday.
To Saltcoats: John McBride & James Harris daily.
This transcript was kindly provided by Keith Muirhead from Queensland.