KILWINNING, 1837 - Ayrshire Directory by Pigot and Co

Is an ancient and thriving little manufacturing town, in the parish of it's name, and district of Cunningham; 24 miles from Glasgow, 3 nw of Irvine, 4 ne of Saltcoats, the like distance s of Dalry, 10 nw of Kilmarnock and 5 from Ardrossan; situate on rising ground about 2 miles from the sea; stretching westward from the right bank of the Garnock, and approached through long ambrageous paths, skirted by beautiful fields.

It consists chiefly of one street and bye-lanes, with a few rows of modern houses. The weaving and manufacture of gauzes, muslins, shawls, etc are carried on, to an important extent, for the Glasgow and Paisley markets, to which they are conveyed by the local agents. The agricultural produce of the parish is likewise considerable; and coals, which are obtained in abundance, are conveyed by a railway passing from east to west across the parish. The only remarkable objects are, the picturesque ruins of the ancient abbey founded by Hugh de Morville in 1140; and the beautiful tower of the church, to which its style of architecture bears no resemblance; this tower cost, exclusive of the old materials, the sum of 2,000, raised by subscription and to which the late Earl of Eglintoun was a liberal contributor. The present Earl has a fine mansion in the neighbourhood, called Eglintoun castle.

Kilwinning was the first place in Scotland where free masonry was established; it is said to have been introduced by the foreign architect who was employed in erecting the monastery here. Besides the distinction acquired from its ancient masonic lodge, it is also remarkable for being the seat of a company of archers, ascertained to have existed as early as the year 1488; and the society at the present day is most respectable.

Fairs are held on the 1st of February, new style; and on the first Wednesday after the 19th of October, old style.

POST OFFICE

Donald McMallan - post master - The Kilmarnock, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Irish and English mails arrive every morning at half past seven and are despatched every evening at five.

NOBILITY, GENTRY AND CLERGY:
Bowman, Miss M. of Ashgrove Campbell, Rev Archibald Manse
Cowan, Rev Samuel Eglintoun, the Right Hon. Earl of - Elgintoun castle
Glasgow, Robt Esq of Mountgreenan Johnston, George Esq Redbarn
McGregor, Rev Alexander Miller, Wm Esq of Mount castle
Reid, James Esq of Dalegarven Smith, Mrs Smithton
 
PROFESSIONAL PERSONS
Boyle, William writer and notary Brown, John surgeon
Burns, Robert surgeon Craig, Robert surgeon
Cunningham, John writer and notary King, Hugh writer and notary
Ramsay, John MD surgeon  
 
AGENTS TO MANUFACTURERS:
Boyd, Bryce Brown, William Cochran, Agnes
Conn, Hugh Conn, Hugh jnr Richmond, John
Richie, John Service, John Service, Robert
Woodside, Hugh Young, Andrew Young, George

 SCHOOLS

Auchenteber Boys School William Cameron - master
Bullerholes Boys School Thos Thomson - master
Byre's Boys School James Miller Gardiner - master
Dalgarvan Boys School George Young - master
Gibson, Helen (girls' day)  
Goldie, Hugh (boys' day)  
Hamilton, John (boys' day)  
McFie, Jean (girls'day)  
Martin, Hannah (girls' day)  
Parish School James Ramsay - master
INNKEEPERS AND VINTERS:
Blair, Jas (Eglintoun Arms) Boyd, James Boyd, John
Brown, Robert Conn, Hugh & Co Dickie, Robert
Fulton, James Gray, Robert Kenneth, Elizabeth
Kerr, William Knox, James McGavin, Robert
McMaster, James McVey, Charles Miller, William
Pritchard, Robert Skeoch, John Smith John
Wallace, Andrew Whinton, Andrew Wilson, Hugh
Wyllie, John    
SHOPKEEPERS AND TRADERS:
Adair, William cabinet maker Aitken, David tailor
Allan, Wm watch and clock maker Allan, William blacksmith
Anderson, Thomas lime burner Monkredden Blair, James clock and watch maker
Boyd, James auctioneer Boyd, John grocer
Brydone, John grocer Carverrie, John tailor
Clark, David flesher Clark, John linen draper
Clark, Thomas flesher Conn, Hugh & Co grocer
Craig, Thomas grocer Crawford, Robert grocer
Dickie, Robert corn miller Dowra Collery Co Monkredden
Dunsmuir, John coal proprietor East Dowra Fennie Archibald Coal proprietor Fergus Hill
Fulton, James grocer Goldie, John tailor
Jack, James shoe maker Kenneth, Archibald coal manager
King, Thomas millwright Kirkwood, James grocer and draper
Knox, James grocer Knox, John grocer & spirit dealer
Lambe, George grocer Leitch, William baker
McGavin, Robt grocer & auctioneer McKannan, James grocer
McNair, William flesher Miller, William ironmonger
Montgomerie, Hugh shoe maker Muir, David cabinet maker
Muir, William cabinet maker Murray, John tailor
Nevvin, Isabella straw hat maker Pritchard, Robert grocer
Reid, James wheelwright Richie & Cochrane tanners &c
Robertson, James blacksmith Scott, John grocer
Service, James blacksmith Service, Margaret straw hat maker
Taylor & Kennedy coal proprietors Eglintoun colliery Todd, James turner
Wallace, Andrew blacksmith Whinton, Andrew grocer
Whinton, John cartwright Wilson, Hugh flax dresser
Wyllie, David tailor Wyllie, John grocer
Young, James corn merchant Young, Joseph linen draper

PLACES OF WORSHIP:

Established Church Rev Archibald Blair Campbell manse
Antiburghers no minister
United Secession Rev Alexander McGregor

COACHES:

To Ardrossan: the 'Ayrshire Lass' (from Kilmarnock) calls at Eglintoun Arms every morning (Sunday excepted) at half past nine.

To Glasgow: the 'Fair Trader' (from Saltcoats) calls at Wallace's every morning (Sunday excepted) at half past seven and the 'Herald' at half past six in the evening.

To Kilmarnock: the 'Time Keeper' and an omnibus (from Saltcoats) call at Eglington Arms every morning (Sunday excepted) at half past eight and the 'Ayrshire Lass' (from Ardrossan) at half past six in the evening.

To Saltcoats: the 'Herald' (from Glasgow) calls at Wallace's every morning (Sunday excepted) at half past nine and the 'Fair Trader' at eight in the evening; an omnibus (from Kilmarnock) calls at the Eglintoun Arms, every evening (Sunday excepted) at half past five and the 'Time Keeper' at six.

CARRIERS:

To Glasgow & Paisley: Jas Jack and Robert Boyd, every Tuesday and Friday.

To Saltcoats: John McBride & James Harris daily.

This transcript was kindly provided by Keith Muirhead from the Sunshine Coast of Queensland.

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