"KIRKMICHAEL, a parish in the district of Carrick, county Ayr, Scotland. It comprises the villages of Crosshill and Kirkmichael, the latter being 10 miles S. of Ayr, and 3½ E. of Maybole. Its length is 12 miles, by 5¾ at the broadest part. The surface is hilly towards the S. and E., and in some parts even mountainous and rocky, but the whole is more or less cultivated. There are several limestone quarries, and one of freestone. The Doon traces its boundary for several miles, and the Dyrock and Girvan flow through the parish. It is in the presbytery of Ayr and synod of Glasgow and Ayr, in the patronage of the crown. The minister's stipend is £277. The parish church is a commodious structure erected in 1787, on the site of one dedicated to St. Michael, from which the parish derives its name. In the churchyard is the tomb of Gilbert McAdam, who was shot in 1685 for his adherence to the Covenanters. There is a quoad sacra parish church, and a Free Church preaching station at Crosshill. There are two schools. The principal seats are Cloncaird Castle, Cassillis Castle, Kirkmichael House, and Blairquhan. A large number of the inhabitants are employed in cotton-weaving and other work in connection with the Glasgow factories. There are also extensive mills and works of various descriptions in this district. Fairs are held on the first Thursdays in April and August, the second Thursday in September, and the first Thursday in November."
"CROSSHILL, a village in the parish of Kirkmichael, in the county of Ayr, Scotland, 3 miles S.E. of Maybole. The living is in the presbytery of Ayr, and in the patronage of the male communicants."
"PATNACK, a feeder of the river Shee, rises in the parish of Kirkmichael, county Aberdeen, Scotland."
Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003