"ROTHESAY, town and parish in Isle of Bute. ... The parish contains also Ascog village; it formerly included what is now North Bute parish, containing Port Banntyne or Kaimesburgh; and it may be most conveniently described as still including that parish. Its length, thus understood, is nearly 10 miles; its greatest breadth, exclusive of Inchmarnock, 5 miles; its area 20,847 acres, of which 14,764 are in North Bute. Real property of landward part in 1880-81, £14,646, of which £12,196 were in North Bute. Pop. 8538, of which 1192 were in North Bute. The boundary all round, except on the south, is formed by Kyles of Bute and Firth of Clyde. The coast consists mostly of gravelly slopes and shelving rocks, and is indented by two bays on the east and two on the west. Two fine dingles cross the interior from the eastern bays to the western ones; and rising-grounds and hills, with pleasing diversity of surface fill nearly all the rest of the interior. Chief residences are handsome villas at and near Ascog; and chief antiquities are a Caledonian stone circle, numerous standing-stones, tumuli, and hill-forts, and Kaimes and Kilmorie castles. Established and Free churches are in North Bute. There are 12 schools for 1930 scholars; 2 of them for 516 new, and 2 for 263 are outside of Rothesay burgh."
[From The Gazetteer of Scotland, by Rev. John Wilson, 1882.]