[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer (1868)]
"CUMMERTREES, a parish in the district of Annandale, in the county of Dumfries, Scotland. It contains a village of its own name, and also the villages of Powfoot and Kelhead. It is bounded on the S. by the Solway Firth, and on the other sides by the parishes of Annan, Hoddam, St. Mungo, Dalton, and Ruthwell. It extends near 5 miles in length from E. to W., with a breadth of 4½ miles. The surface is for the most part flat, but the soil, as regards fertility and the labour necessary to be bestowed on it, is very various. The coast is flat, the only feature being Queensberry Bay, which affords shelter for small vessels during N.W. winds. Fish of various sorts are sometimes taken in large quantities, and the vast expanse of sand, stretching 7 miles across the Firth to Cumberland, presents a grand sight when the advancing tide rushes along with a roaring sound and with elevated crest, to reassert its dominion over the shallow Firth. There is a mineral spring at Cummertrees Mill, and the climate, though moist, is very salubrious. Limestone and sandstone are abundant and are quarried. The greater part of the parish belongs to the Marquis of Queensberry, who has a beautiful seat called Kinmount. There is a station on the Glasgow and South-Western railway, which traverses the parish. The village of Cummertrees, remarkable for its beauty, is situated about 4 miles W. of Annan. Hoddam Castle is situated near the river Annan, at the northern boundary of the parish. It is remarkable for the thickness of its walls; and was built by the powerful family of Herries in the 15th century, and commands a beautiful view. A short distance to the S. of Hoddam Castle, on a hill which is the highest ground in the parish, is the Tower of Repentance. This building is square, 25 feet in height, and commands a view of 30 miles radius. Watch-fires anciently burned upon its summit, to give warning of invasion from England. This parish is in the presbytery of Annan and synod of Dumfries, in the patronage of the crown. The stipend of the minister is £158, with 24 (Scotch) acres of glebe. There are three schools."
"BRYDEKIRK, a village and quoad sacra parish in the parishes of Annan, Cummertrees, and Hoddam, in the county of Dumfries, Scotland, 3 miles to the N. W. of the town of Annan. The living is in the presbytery of Annan, and in the gift of the subscribers and others."
"KELHEAD, a village in the parish of Cummertrees, county Dumfries, Scotland, known for its limeworks."
"POWFOOT, a hamlet in the parish of Cummertrees, county Dumfries, Scotland, 4 miles N.W. of Annan. It is situated at the mouth of a small stream called the Pow Water, on Solway Frith, and is much frequented in the summer for sea-bathing."
[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]