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Internal Migration to and from Fife - 1911 census figures

The published census reports, available online at histpop, give information on the birthplaces of those who were resident in Scotland.

This allows us to see:

  • how many people lived in Fife but were born elsewhere (the first table given below)
  • where, within Scotland, people born in Fife had moved to (the second table given below)
  • by comparing the information for different census years, whether there were any changes to this internal migration over time. Figures for 1841.

It does not tell us:

  • the breakdown of birthplaces of the residents in each parish
  • the countries of birth of those born overseas
  • the counties of birth of those born in England, Wales and Ireland
  • where in the rest of the British Isles furth* of Scotland, those who were born in Fife were living
  • how many emigrated overseas (apart from a brief note in 1841)
  • when the people moved or how long they have been resident in Fife
  • if they lived elsewhere between birth and their 1911 place of residence

[* furth: Scots preposition, meaning: outside or beyond]

For 1911, the tables show that only two thirds (67%) of those who lived in Fife were also born in the county. However, three quarters (76%) of those who were born in Fife and were still living in Scotland were still living in Fife. And, for example, although 251 people born in Wigtownshire had moved to live in Fife, only 86 had gone the other way. Locally, although 7402 people born in Fife had moved to live in Angus & Dundee, 10768 had made the reverse move to live in Fife.

How many moved into Fife?

This table, from the 1911 census, shows the birthplaces of all those who lived in Fife.

For example, 734 males aged below 20 were born in Perthshire but living in Fife. 2.3% of all those living in Fife were born in Perthshire.

RESIDENT IN FIFE, BORN IN: Males Females Total males Total females Total % of those living in Fife
< 20 Years 20 Years + < 20 Years 20 Years +
SCOTLAND 55759 67209 54606 74733 122968 129339 252307 94.2%
ENGLAND 1159 3213 1224 2762 4372 3986 8358 3.1%
WALES 35 104 33 68 139 101 240 0.1%
IRELAND 211 2850 166 1037 3061 1203 4264 1.6%
ISLE of MAN and CHANNEL ISLANDS 0 12 1 17 12 18 30 0.0%
BRITISH COLONIES or DEPENDENCIES 148 192 149 255 340 404 744 0.3%
FOREIGN COUNTRIES -                
...BRITISH SUBJECTS (by birth) 112 158 105 193 270 298 568 0.2%
...BRITISH SUBJECTS (naturalised) 4 36 1 25 40 26 66 0.0%
...FOREIGNERS 190 716 38 174 906 212 1118 0.4%
BORN at SEA (BRITISH) 1 24 1 18 25 19 44 0.0%
                 
TOTAL INHABITANTS 57619 74514 56324 79282 132133 135606 267739 100.0%
                 
Counties:                
FIFE 44622 42807 44076 49216 87429 93292 180721 67.5%
MIDLOTHIAN 2499 4272 2300 4506 6771 6806 13577 5.1%
LANARK 2474 3885 2306 3825 6359 6131 12490 4.7%
ANGUS 1577 3819 1413 3959 5396 5372 10768 4.0%
PERTH 734 2268 727 2531 3002 3258 6260 2.3%
STIRLING 629 1012 680 1142 1641 1822 3463 1.3%
WEST LOTHIAN 596 1030 595 920 1626 1515 3141 1.2%
AYR 440 1047 432 931 1487 1363 2850 1.1%
CLACKMANNAN 364 892 361 846 1256 1207 2463 0.9%
ABERDEEN 231 915 248 1055 1146 1303 2449 0.9%
KINROSS 279 727 251 896 1006 1147 2153 0.8%
EAST LOTHIAN 200 678 184 644 878 828 1706 0.6%
RENFREW 230 514 210 532 744 742 1486 0.6%
DUMBARTON 153 255 158 260 408 418 826 0.3%
KINCARDINE 78 322 84 324 400 408 808 0.3%
INVERNESS 61 313 54 364 374 418 792 0.3%
BANFF 50 231 38 306 281 344 625 0.2%
ROXBURGH 52 264 48 261 316 309 625 0.2%
BERWICK 58 217 52 265 275 317 592 0.2%
ARGYLL 65 211 67 243 276 310 586 0.2%
DUMFRIES 63 219 60 221 282 281 563 0.2%
MORAY 40 202 48 261 242 309 551 0.2%
ROSS & CROMARTY 23 229 23 251 252 274 526 0.2%
CAITHNESS 21 148 19 208 169 227 396 0.1%
PEEBLES 56 130 26 118 186 144 330 0.1%
WIGTOWN 26 103 31 91 129 122 251 0.1%
KIRKCUDBRIGHT 29 91 28 102 120 130 250 0.1%
ORKNEY 22 90 10 102 112 112 224 0.1%
SELKIRK 22 75 22 74 97 96 193 0.1%
SUTHERLAND 13 68 8 75 81 83 164 0.1%
Birthplace Not Stated 22 36 17 68 58 85 143 0.1%
SHETLAND 9 56 11 48 65 59 124 0.0%
NAIRN 11 46 10 40 57 50 107 0.0%
BUTE 10 37 9 48 47 57 104 0.0%

Where did Fife people move to?

This table, from the 1911 census reports, shows the number of people born in Fife who were living in the counties and cities of Scotland.

For example, 413 males aged below 20 were born in Fife but living in Perthshire. 1.7% of all those born in Fife & still living in Scotland were living in Perthshire.

BORN IN FIFE, RESIDENT IN: MALES FEMALES Total males Total females Total % of those born in Fife living in Scotland
< 20 Years 20 Years + < 20 Years 20 Years +
Counties (including cities):                
FIFE 44622 42807 44076 49216 87429 93292 180721 76.8%
MIDLOTHIAN (incl. Edinburgh) 1191 5178 1142 7034 6369 8176 14545 6.2%
LANARK (incl. Glasgow) 1052 4965 1040 4779 6017 5819 11836 5.0%
ANGUS (incl. Dundee) 701 2435 777 3489 3136 4266 7402 3.1%
PERTH 413 1637 386 1538 2050 1924 3974 1.7%
STIRLING 385 1090 404 1081 1475 1485 2960 1.3%
RENFREW 169 749 181 741 918 922 1840 0.8%
CLACKMANNAN 215 594 222 695 809 917 1726 0.7%
WEST LOTHIAN 301 574 300 518 875 818 1693 0.7%
KINROSS 257 530 278 533 787 811 1598 0.7%
DUMBARTON 108 534 103 491 642 594 1236 0.5%
AYR 124 368 145 381 492 526 1018 0.4%
ABERDEEN (incl. Aberdeen) 100 324 97 368 424 465 889 0.4%
EAST LOTHIAN 154 241 142 307 395 449 844 0.4%
ROXBURGH 46 110 34 161 156 195 351 0.1%
KINCARDINE (incl. part of Aberdeen) 54 97 44 140 151 184 335 0.1%
DUMFRIES 38 111 33 140 149 173 322 0.1%
ARGYLL 19 104 19 124 123 143 266 0.1%
BERWICK 19 82 26 125 101 151 252 0.1%
INVERNESS 28 81 23 94 109 117 226 0.1%
PEEBLES 28 81 20 93 109 113 222 0.1%
SELKIRK 13 72 15 113 85 128 213 0.1%
MORAY 23 55 17 60 78 77 155 0.1%
BANFF 21 54 23 46 75 69 144 0.1%
ROSS & CROMARTY 18 46 14 51 64 65 129 0.1%
KIRKCUDBRIGHT 5 49 5 50 54 55 109 0.0%
BUTE 9 25 9 46 34 55 89 0.0%
WIGTOWN 11 36 9 30 47 39 86 0.0%
NAIRN 5 11 7 28 16 35 51 0.0%
SHETLAND 5 24 3 15 29 18 47 0.0%
ORKNEY 5 19 4 10 24 14 38 0.0%
CAITHNESS 3 9 7 18 12 25 37 0.0%
SUTHERLAND 4 21 1 10 25 11 36 0.0%
                 
Living in Scotland 50146 63113 49606 72525 113259 122131 235390 100.0%
                 
Cities:                
EDINBURGH 605 3365 536 4878 3970 5414 9384 4.0%
GLASGOW 457 2953 437 2857 3410 3294 6704 2.8%
DUNDEE 467 1714 578 2538 2181 3116 5297 2.3%
ABERDEEN 86 274 86 320 360 406 766 0.3%
                 
Counties excluding cities:                
MIDLOTHIAN 586 1813 606 2156 2399 2762 5161 2.2%
LANARK 595 2012 603 1922 2607 2525 5132 2.2%
ANGUS 234 721 199 951 955 1150 2105 0.9%
ABERDEEN 51 104 45 127 155 172 327 0.1%
KINCARDINE 17 43 10 61 60 71 131 0.1%

Sources: histpop © University of Essex :

Report on the twelfth decennial census of Scotland, Vol. 1 [Parts 1-23] BPP 1912-13 CXIX [Cd.6097] 1006, Table XXV

Census of Scotland, 1911, Report on the twelfth decennial census of Scotland. Vol. II BPP 1913 LXXX [Cd.6896] 4, Table XXXVIII.