"CULLODEN, an estate in the N. of the county of Inverness, Scotland, 4 miles E. of Inverness. It is memorable as containing Culloden Moor, now partly cultivated, but formerly a bleak dreary, and wild waste, on which, on the 16th of April, 1746, the army of Prince Charles Edward, the son of the Pretender to the crown of Great Britain, was totally defeated by the royal troops under the Duke of Cumberland. Prince Charles drew up his army about 1½ mile S. of Culloden House. The locality is well indicated by the green graves of the slain, and by an obelisk erected in 1850. By this battle the hopes of the House of Stuart were completely annihilated. Culloden House stands on the border of the moor. Prince Charles slept in it the night before the battle. It is the seat of the ancient family of Forbes, and the owner of it in 1746 was Duncan Forbes, Lord President of the Court of Session, whose advice previously given to the government, if it had been followed, might have prevented the rebellion, and whose influence in the Highlands was greatly instrumental in suppressing it."
Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003