[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer (1868)]
"CARSPHAIRN, a parish in the county of Kirkcudbright, Scotland, with a village of the same name, 30 miles to the N. of Kirkcudbright. It is situated in a mountainous country on the borders of Ayrshire. The surface consists chiefly of pasture lands, on which are fed numerous herds of small black cattle and hardy mountain sheep. Iron is said to have been formerly worked here. The parish is in the presbytery of Kirkcudbright, and in the patronage of the crown and W. Forbes, Esq., of Callender House, in Stirlingshire. The minister has a stipend of £182, There is a Free school for the parish of Carsphairn. The chief mansion is Craigongillan, the seat of the Hon. Colonel Cathcart. Sir Loudon McAdam, the celebrated engineer, and originator of the system of macadamised roads, was born at Waterhead, in this parish. The parish is about 10 miles in length and the same in breadth."
"WOODHEAD, a village in the parish of Carsphairn, county Kirkcudbright, Scotland. Lead mines were discovered here in 1838."
[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]