" Hamilton, parl. burgh, market town, and par., Lanarkshire, near the confluence of the Avon and the Clyde, 9 miles SE. of Glasgow and 382 NW. of London by rail - par. (which includes part of town of Motherwell and part of town of Larkhall), 14,243 ac., pop. 26,231; parliamentary and police burgh, pop. 18,517; 6 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Friday. The original town (called Netherton) occupied a site within the Duke of Hamilton's park; the present town dates from the early part of the 15th century.

The prosperity of the place depends chiefly upon the minerals (coal, ironstone, limestone, and sandstone), which are extensively worked in the neighbourhood. Hamilton is a brigade-depot, and has an extensive range of barracks; it has also several good middle-class schools. In the immediate vicinity are large market gardens, and numerous villas of Glasgow merchants. Along with Falkirk, Airdrie, Lanark, and Linlithgow, Hamilton pages 1 member to Parliament. On the low ground between the town and the Clyde is Hamilton Palace, seat of the Duke of Hamilton (and Brandon), the premier peer of Scotland; it includes a tower of 1591, but is chiefly modern, and is one of the most magnificent edifices in the kingdom; it stands in an extensive park, which contains the mausoleum, the chateau of Chatelherault, and Cadzow Castle. See CADZOW."

From John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887

Archives and Libraries

Under revision February 2011.


by Rhona Wilson
published 1996 by Richard Stenlake Publishing, Ochiltree Sawmill, The Lade, Ochiltree, Ayrshire KA18 2NX
ISBN 1872074839



Church History

Dates of Old Parish Registers

Church Records

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Hamilton which are provided by:


Ask the GENUKI Gazetteer for a calculation of the distance from Hamilton to another place.

Search for Hamilton on the Gazetteer for Scotland.

Historical Geography


You can see maps centred on OS grid reference NS723555 (Lat/Lon: 55.775956, -4.037468), Hamilton which are provided by:


The local newspaper is the Hamilton Advertiser