A parish of SE Edinburghshire, containing, towards its NE corner, Heriot station of the Waverley section of the North British railway, 19 ¼ miles (16 by road) SE of Edinburgh, with a post and telegraph office. It is bounded NW by Borthwick, N by Crichton, NE by Fala, SE by Stow, SW by Innerleithen in Peeblesshire, a W by Temple. Its greatest length, from NE to SW, is 8 ¾ miles; and its greatest breadth 4 ½ miles. Its area is now 16,167 ¼ acres, the Boundary Commissioners having in 1891 transferred to this parish the Cowbraehill detached portion of the parish of Borthwick, containing 666 acres, and the Nettleflat detatched portion of the parish of Stow, containing 463 acres. Formed by the confluence of Blackhope, Hope, and Dewar Burns, which all three have their source near the Peeblesshire border, Heriot Water winds 4 ¾ miles east-north-eastward through the interior, till it unites with Gala Water, itself rising on the northern verge of the parish.
(Extract from Groomes Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland c.1895)
The parish church has records for births dating from 1685, for marriages from 1692 and for deaths from 1691. These are held in the General Register Office for Scotland in Edinburgh and copies on microfilm may be consulted in the Midlothian Studies Centre in Loanhead and also in LDS Family History Centres around the world.
The transcription of the section for Heriot from the National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.Nearby places can be identified from the GENUKI Gazetteer.
The church gates incorporate the village war memorial. This lists 9 names from 1914-18, and 3 from 1939-45.
Pte William R Anderson, 2nd Btn Royal Scots
Rfn William Corner, PO Rifles
Pte James Lauder, 15th Btn Royal Scots
Pte William Linton, 2nd Btn Scots Guards
Pte Andrew Redpath, 11th Btn Royal Scots
Pte Peter Smith, 10th Btn Gordon Highrs
Sec Lte John W Somerville, RMLI
Pte Robert Tod, 5t Btn KOSB
Pte Francis B Young, 2nd Btn Black Watch
Gunner Andrew F Fortune, 16th Division Field Artillery
Cadet Officer Johnnie Simpson, Merchant Navy
Captain Robert D Somerville, Royal Engineers
Below is a list of the population of Heriot in various years.
1801 320 1831 327 1861 407 1871 414 1881 429 1891 443
For a social and economic record of the parishes of East Lothian together with considerable statistical material, see Sir John Sinclair's Statistical Account of Scotland, which was compiled in the 1790s. Follow-up works to this were the New Statistical Account (also known as the Second Statistical Account) which was prepared in the 1830s and 1840s; and more recently the Third Statistical Account which has been prepared since the Second World War.
Thanks to a joint venture between the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh the First and Second Statistical Accounts can now be accessed on-line at The Statistical Accounts of Scotland, 1791-1799 and 1845.
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