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ERROL, Perthshire

"ERROL, a parish and post town in the district of Eastern Perth, county Perth, Scotland, 6 miles E. of Perth, to which it is a subport. It is a station on the Aberdeen railway. The parish stretches along the N. bank of the river Tay, and is otherwise bordered by the parishes of St. Madoes, Kinfauns, Kilspindie, Kinnaird, and Inchture. Its length is 5½ miles, its breadth 3 miles. It includes the villages of Westtown, Leetown, Drums, Grange, Mains, and Pitrodie, and is traversed by the Perth and Dundee road. The surface is flat, excepting towards the W., where some slight elevations occur. The soil is rich and highly cultivated. This parish is in the presbytery of Perth and synod of Perth and Stirling. The minister has a stipend of £311. The church was built in 1831. It is a cruciform building of the plain Saxon style, with square tower. Here are a Free church and three United Presbyterian churches, one of which is at Pitrodie. The village is beautifully situated near the banks of the Tay. It was made a burgh of barony by William the Lion. It contains a savings-bank, two libraries, and a friendly society. Errol House is the seat of the Aliens. Errol gives title of earl to the Hays, hereditary high constables of Scotland, now of Slaines Castle, Aberdeenshire, upon whom the barony of Errol is said to have been conferred for driving out the Danes at Lancarty in 980. It was created an earldom in 1450. Sandstone is worked at the Clasbennie quarry, where some curious fossil remains have been found. A fair is held at Errol on the last Wednesday in July."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]

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