"KIPPEN, a parish partly in the county of Perth, and partly in the county of Stirling, Scotland. It comprises the quoad sacra parish of Bucklyvie, and the villages of Arnprior, Cauldhame, Kapp, Kippen, and Shirgarten. The Forth and Clyde railway has a station at the village of Kippen. The parish is 8 miles in length by from 2 to 4 in breadth. It covers an area of about 10,000 acres, of which half are under cultivation. Ironstone is found in the neighbourhood, and sandstone is quarried. The parish is well watered by the river Forth and several streams. From the higher grounds an extensive, and varied prospect is commanded, including Stirling Castle and the woody eminences adjacent. The road between Dumbarton and Stirling intersects this parish, as does also the Forth and Clyde railway. It is in the presbytery of Dunblane and synod of Perth and Stirling. The minister's stipend is £250. The parish church is a modern and commodious structure. There are Free churches at Kippen and Bucklyvie, and at the last mentioned place there is also a chapel-of-ease, and an United Presbyterian church. In the neighbourhood are several schools. This place suffered much during the persecution of the Covenanters by the Stuarts in the middle of the 17th century, by reason of the zeal of its inhabitants. In 1679, at the battle of Bothwell, the men of Kippen and Galloway made a hold front in defence of the bridge. Rob Roy is said to have made a descent here in 1691. At Arnprior, in this parish, are the remains of a castle which belonged to Buchanan, "king of Kippen," who here entertained the "gude man of Ballangeigh" (James V.), and whose last descendant was executed at Carlisle in the rebellion of 1745 for the last of the Stuarts. In this district are several forts of Roman and Pictish origin. The village of Kippen is situated on the road between Dumbarton and Stirling, and is 5 miles E.N.E. of Bucklyvie. Formerly it carried on an extensive trade in the distillation of whisky. The fairs are held on the second Wednesday in April and the third Wednesday in May (old style), and on the first, second, and third Wednesdays in December; also at Bucklyvie, in this parish, on the second Tuesdays in February and March (old style), 26th June, on the last Tuesday in July and 18th November."
Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of UK and Ireland (1868)