"PERTH, city and four parishes in Perthshire. The city stands on the Tay, 39 miles by road, but 45 by railway, north-north-west of Edinburgh; it is believed by some antiquaries to date from or before the Roman times, either on its present site or on one at influx of the Almond to the Tay ..... a railway station with convergent lines from all parts of the kingdom, , 8 banking offices, 8 principal hotels, many imposing public edifices, 7 Established churches, 5 Free churches, 4 United Presbyterian churches, Original Seccession, Congregational, Evangelical Union, Baptist, Methodist, and Unitarian churches, an Episcopalian cathedral, 2 other Episcopalian places of worship, 2 Roman Catholic churches, 19 schools with capacity for 4933 scholars, and a number of important institutions ..... The four parishes are East, Middle, St. Paul, and West; and a quoad sacra parish of St. Leonard's consists of parts of the East and the West. The whole aggregately measure 47½ miles in length, 2¼ miles in extreme breadth, and 3658 acres in area. Real propety of the landward parts in 1880-81, £6207. The Middle and St. Paul lie wholy in the city. Pop. 4902 and 3009. The West also lies almost all in the city. Pop. quoad civilia, 6192; quoad sacra, 3983. The East includes part of the city, comprises nearly all the landward parts, and contains the villages of Dovecotland, Tulloch, Cragie, Cherrybank, Pitheavlis, Craigend, and Friarton. Pop. quoad civilia, 12,102; quoad sacra, 10,720. The surface, in a general view, lies westward from the Tay; consists largely of rich plain; includes in the south-east, a part of Moncrieff hill; and is diversified in the interior by numerous swelling ridges. Upwards of two-thirds are fertile arable land, and about 75 acres of the other third are under wood."
Wilson, Rev. John, The Gazetteer of Scotland, 1882.