"A parish in Roxburghshire, lying on the S. bank of the river Tweed, nearly 4 miles in length, and 3 in breadth ... Upon the estate of Littledean are the remains of an old tower, which had been strongly fortified, long the residence of the Kerrs of Littledean. On the moor of Rutherford are the vestiges of a Roman encampment, with a Roman causeway. Near the border, betwixt the parishes of Maxton and Ancrum, is the scene of a dreadful battle, followed in 1543 between the English and Scottish armies: the place is called Lilliard's Edge, from a young woman of the name of Lilliard who fought with great bravery along with the Scots, and who lies buried in the field of battle. Population in 1801, 368."
From the Gazetteer of Scotland published 1806, Edinburgh.
The Borders Family History Society has published a booklet of Maxton monumental inscriptions. Unfortunately there are very few gravestones from the 18th century or earlier, because an older graveyard in the parish was ploughed up circa 1814 and all the gravestones broken up ...
The parish church (Church of Scotland) has registers dating from 1689. Old Parish Registers (before 1855) are held in the National Records of Scotland in Edinburgh, and copies on microfilm may be consulted in local libraries and in LDS Family History Centres around the world. Later parish registers (after 1855) are often held in the National Records of Scotland as are any records of non-conformist churches in the area (often unfilmed and unindexed, and only available there).
The parish registers available worldwide on microfilm include kirk session minutes for the years 1691-1708 (in part 798/1 of the microfilm). More information on kirk sessions and their records can be found in the Church Records section of the Roxburghshire page.
At the time of the Napoleonic wars, lists of young men in parishes were compiled so that should there be a need for them to fight, they could be drafted into the Militia. If there were not enough volunteers for a list, a ballot was used to select names for it.
In the 1690s a tax was levied by Parliament on every hearth in Scotland. Both landowners and tenants had to pay this tax and are therefore recorded in the records which were kept at the time. A transcript of the hearth tax records for Maxton parish (NRS reference E69/21/1) is included with the list of monumental inscriptions published by the Borders Family History Society.