LLANEUGRAD (LLAN-EIGRAD), a parish in the hundred of TWRCELYN, county of ANGLESEY, NORTH WALES, 6 miles (E.) from Llanerchymedd, containing 323 inhabitants. This parish, which is situated on the coast of the Irish sea, by which it is bounded on the east, was anciently much more extensive than at present ; and not far from the church, upon the site of a farm called Park, are distinct traces of a town or large village, of which the foundations of the buildings alone remain. In the year 873, a memorable battle was fought at Bryngola, within its limits, in which the Danes, who at that time made frequent descents on the coast of Anglesey, were defeated with great slaughter by Roderic the Great, who, after a sanguinary contest, obtained a signal victory over the invaders, and drove them to their ships. The soil of this parish is fertile, and the lands are enclosed and cultivated. The sub-stratum is limestone, of which there are immense rocks in the parish ; and extensive quarries of black and grey marble afford employment to a considerable number of the labouring poor : the situation of the place upon the coast affords a facility of exporting the produce of these quarries, and great quantities are shipped to various parts of Great Britain. The living is a discharged rectory with the perpetual curacy of Llanallgo annexed, in the archdeaconry of Anglesey, and diocese of Bangor, rated in the king's books at £9. 11. 10 1/2., and in the patronage of the Bishop. The church, dedicated to St. Eugrad, is supposed to have been originally founded, about the year 605, by Eugrad, son of Caw-o-Frydain, and brother of St. Alltgo, who, about the same time, founded the church of Llanallgo : it is a small but somewhat stately edifice, of lofty proportions and venerable appearance: adjoining it is a small antique chapel. On the farm of Llugwy, in this parish, formerly stood a chapel of ease to the neighbouring church of Llanallgo, the small existing remains of which are called Capel Llugwy. The poor are entitled to one-third of the rent of a farm in the parish of Llanvair - Mathavarneithav, now let for £ 75 per annum, which is annually distributed among them at Christmas. There are also some small benefactions in land, the produce of which is similarly appropriated. Adjoining the ancient town above noticed are the remains of an extensive and well-fortified camp, in which Roderic is supposed to have stationed his forces in his conflict with the Danes ; and on the highest eastern point are some remains, consisting principally of a gateway and some portions of ruined walls, of an ancient building, in which that sovereign is thought to have held his court while engaged in repelling the Danes from this part of his dominions. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £97. 2. ( A Topographical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis, 1833)
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Llaneugrad parish in the County of Anglesey - on the People's Collection Wales site
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