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Hanes plwyf Crai (Crai parish history). Crai : Crai Community Council, 2001. 145p

Jones, Gareth. The district of Sennybridge, Trecastle and Defynnog : this was a way of life. Abertillery : Old Bakehouse Publications, 1997. 247p

Jones, Gareth. The district of Sennybridge, Trecastle and Defynnog. Book 2. Abertillery : Old Bakehouse Publications, 2000. 216p

Jones, Gareth. First names [Defynnog]. Cronicl Powys. No. 26 (1992), p. 48-54

Jones, Gareth. Llwynycrychydd, Defynnog parish. Cronicl Powys. No. 21 (1989), p. 20-23

King, D. J. Cathcart. Camlais and Sennybridge castles. Brycheiniog 21 (1984/85), p. 9-11

Lewis, D. Craionog. Hanes plwyf Defynog : yn cynnwys y rhanbarthau cynlynol; Crai, Glyntawy, Senni, Glyntarell, a Maescar. Merthyr Tydfil : H. W. Southey a'i Feibion, Cyf, Argrffwyr, 1911. 340p



Victorian Powys for schools site - Defynnog census figures 1841-1901


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Defynnog area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

Church of St Cynog on the Brecknockshire Churches Survey site

Church Records

Detailed information on deposited registers and transcripts for this parish is given under Breconshire Parish Registers on the Powys Archives website

As a guide only, the principal extant parochial church records for this parish span the dates shown below (as detailed in Parish Registers of Wales (NLW 2000) but exact current holdings should be confirmed with the individual Archives:

  • Baptisms 1695-1763, 1771-1939; Marriages 1695-1763, 1771-1997; Burials 1695-1763, 1771-1984 Parish Registers, or copies, for all or part of these dates are held at the NLW and/or Powys Archives. Bishops Transcripts for various periods are held at the NLW.

Callwen (Glyntawe) a parish formed out of Defynnog parish in 1868, extant records are:

  • Baptisms 1685-94, 1760-1958; Marriages 1685-94, 1760-1808, 1840-1922, 1924-71, Banns 1833-1927; Burials 1685-94, 1778-1958 (NLW, West Glamorgan Archives and /or Glamorgan Archives) Bishops Transcripts for various periods are held at the NLW.

Crai/Cray - an ancient chapelry in Defynnog parish, possibly without own PR before 1813. There is a reference to "Llanilid/Llanulid parish church" in the context of Crai (see also the National Gazetteer entry). Consent was given to rebuild the 'ruinated chapel called Llanthew chapel otherwise Cray chapel in 1752' (NLW) Extant records for Crai are:

  • Baptisms 1820-1986; Burials 1885-1992; Banns 1884-1992 (NLW and/or Powys Archives)

Llanilltud/Llanilltyd (Capel Illtyd) a chapel of ease to Defynnog, a separate parish from 1887, extant records are:

  • Baptisms 1776-1983; Marriages 1776-1817, 1862-1971 St John, Glyn 1925-1971; Burials 1776-1945 (NLW and /or Powys Archives) Bishops Transcripts for various periods are held at the NLW.

Court Records

Petty Sessions were first held in the nineteenth century, a minor court presided over by two or more justices or magistrates. Records include minute books, court registers, adoption registers, licensing and ledger accounts. There is a 75 year closure period for adoption records and 30 years for the rest. Petty Sessions Records from 1949-81 (reference: BPS/D) have been deposited at Powys Archives.

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Defynnog which are provided by:

Places, villages, farms etc. within Defynnog parish as shown on the parish map on the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R. J. P., Oliver, R. R.). (Extracted by John Ball)

  • Crai [64A] - Castle Drake, Cnewr, Cray Reservoir, Pen-y-waun-dwr, Pont Gihirych
  • Crai - Fforest-fawr [64B] - Beili-gwern, Belfont, Clyn, Cray, Cray Reservoir, Gelli-wlyb, Goch-gareg, Llwyn-y-neuadd, Marchog-dir, Nant-Madoc, Nant-yr-haiarn, Onen-fawr, Pant-y-crafog, Pant-ysgallog, Pentwyn-isaf, Rhyd Owen, Tan-y-rhiw, Tir-y-capel, Ty-newydd
  • Maescar [65] - Bailia, Cwm-Wysg-ganol, Dan-y-cefn, Devynock, Devynock & Sennybridge Station, Felin Camlais, Gwern-ller-tai, Maescar, Neuadd-cwm-Camlais, Sennybridge, Tir-y-graig, Ty-mawr, Tyle-bychan
  • Glyn [66A] - Blaen-Clyn, Blaen-brynych, Blaen-glyn, Bryn-bolgoed, Cwm-Clyn, Forest Lodge, Libanus, Llwyn-y-celyn, Pen-rhos, Pen-twyn, Ty-newydd
  • Glyn - Fforest-fawr [66B] - Beacons Reservoir, Glyn
  • Senny [67A] - Aber-Senny-isaf, Aber-Senny-uchaf, Beiliau, Blaen-Senny, Brychgoed, Castell-Madoc, Cefn-fedw, Cefn-fedw-fawr, Garn-lwyd, Garn-wen, Gelliau, Heol Senni, Llwyn-llydan, Maes-Walter, Neuadd, Pant-glas, Pant-y-ffordd, Tyle-gawr, Tyle-glas, Wern-fawr
  • Senny - Fforest-fawr [67B] - Senny
  • Glyntawe [68] - Glyntawe, Gwyn Arms, Tavern-y-gerreg Inn, Pwll Byfre, Pwll-coediog, Rhongyr-isaf

Sennybridge Castle on the Castle Wales site


The transcription of the section for Defynnog from the National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.


Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Defynnog has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN925278 (Lat/Lon: 51.938249, -3.565207), Defynnog which are provided by: