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Eglwys Fach - Gazetteers
"EGLWYS-FACH, a parish partly in the hundred of Isdulas, county Denbigh, and partly in the hundred of Isaf, county Carnarvon, 7 miles N. of Llanrwst. It is situated on a small tributary of the river Conway, and includes the hamlets of Bodnod, Cefny-loed, Esgorebrill, Pennant, and Maenan. An abbey formerly stood here. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of St. Asaph, value £220, in the patronage of the Bishop of Llandaff. The church is dedicated to St. Martin. The parochial charities produce about £35 per annum, £25 of which is for education. Fairs are held on the 24th February, 11th March, 24th August, and 24th November."
"MAENAN, a township in the parish of Eglwys-fach, hundred of Isaf, county Carnarvon, 2 miles N. of Llanrwst. It is situated on the river Conway, and has some remains of a Cistercian monastery founded by Edward I. in the thirteenth century, which afterwards came to the Wynne family."
[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]
MAENAN, a township, forming that part of the parish of EGLWYS - BACH which is in the hundred of LLECHWEDD-ISAV, County of CARNARVON, NORTH WALES, 2 1/2 miles (N.) from Llanrwst, containing, with part of the extra-parochial district of Maenan Abbey, 352 inhabitants. It is situated on the right bank of the river Conway, and forms for the most part an ancient lordship, for which courts leet and baron are still annually held in April, by the steward of Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart.: this lordship comprises the whole township, excepting only the site of the ancient abbey of Maenan, forming the extra-parochial district above mentioned, and claims all the privileges formerly possessed by the abbots, namely, exemption from tithe, &c. The poor are maintained by a separate assessment, the average annual expenditure amounting to £ 230. 7.
MAENAN-ABBEY, or MAENAN-MYNACHDY, an extra-parochial liberty, partly situated locally in the township of ARDDR, parish of LLANBEDR, and partly in that of MAENAN, parish of EGLWYS-BACH, hundred of LLECHWEDD-ISAV, county of CARNARVON, NORTH WALES, 3 miles (N.) from Llanrwst. The population is returned with the respective parishes. It is situated on the eastern bank of the river Conway, and derives its extra-parochial privileges from having been anciently the site of the rich abbey of Maenan, said to have been founded by Richard I., but the first authentic notice of which occurs in 1283, when Edward I., by authority of Pope Nicholas, removed the Cistercian monks of Aberconway to this place, at the same time confirming to them all the privileges they had enjoyed in their former habitation, and adding considerably to their possessions. The cause of their removal was, that Edward had selected the site of their original house on which to erect the magnificent castle of Aberconway; and probably being jealous of their communication with his new subjects, their countrymen, he soon after further removed them to the famous abbey of Vale Royal, in Cheshire. The establishment at Maenan, nevertheless, continued to flourish until the period of the dissolution, when its revenue was valued at £ 179. 10. 10. In 1563, the site of this abbey, together with the township of Maenan, was granted to Elizeus Wynne, who took down a great part of the buildings, and erected a mansion near the spot with the materials. The original edifice was equally remarkable for the pleasantness of its situation and the beauty of its architecture: a small arch is the only portion of it now standing. The inhabitants repair, for the performance of ecclesiastical rites, to the parish church of Llanddoget, in the county of Denbigh.
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