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Llanbedr y Cennin


National Gazetteer (1868)

"LLANBEDR-Y-CENNIN, a parish in the hundred of Isaf, county Carnarvon, 5 miles S. of Conway, its post town, and 6 N.W. of Llanrwst. It is situated on the W. bank of the river Conway, and includes the townships of Aidda, Dol-y-Garrog, Llanbedr, and Tal-y-Cafnd; at the latter place there is a ferry. Many of the people are employed in the mines obtaining copper ore. The living is a rectory* in the diocese of Bangor, value with the vicarage of Caerhun annexed, 289, in the patronage of the bishop. The church is dedicated to St. Peter. The parochial endowments realise about 44 per annum. There are remains of an ancient British camp. A fair is held on the 3rd October."

"ARDDA, a township in the township of Dol-y-Garrog, and parish of Llanbedr-y-Cennin, in the hundred of Isaf, county of Carnarvon, North Wales, 4 miles to the N.W. of Llanrwst."

"DOL-Y-GARROG, a township in the parish of Llanbedr-y-Cennin, in the county of Carnarvon, 7 miles S. of Conway. It is pleasantly situated on the river Conway, and contains the hamlet of Ardda."

"DOLGARROG, a township in the parish of Llanbedr-y-Cennin, in the county of Carnarvon, 7 miles from Conway. It is situated on the river Afon-ddu, which rises in Llyn Cwlyd, a long, narrow sheet of water about 4 miles up the mountains."

"TAL-Y-CAFND, a township in the parish of Llanbedr-y-Cennin, county Carnarvon, 3 miles S. of Conway. It is a station on the Conway and Llanrwst branch of the Chester and Holyhead railway. It is situated at the ferry over the river Conway to Eglwys Bach."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson 2003]

A Topographical Dictionary of Wales
Samuel Lewis, 1833

LLANBEDR (LLAN-BEDR-Y-CENNIN), a parish in the hundred of LLECHWEDD ISAV, county of CARNARVON, NORTH WALES, 5 miles (N. N. W.) from Llanrwst, on the road to Aberconway, comprising the township of Arddr, which maintains its own poor under a recent arrangement, and containing 476 inhabitants. This parish is pleasantly situated on the river Conway, which forms its eastern boundary, and in a mountainous district overlooking the fertile Vale of Llanrwst, and abounding with richly varied, and in some parts with picturesque, scenery. Copper-ore, pyrites, and blende, have been found in small quantities, and mines of these are now being worked, but upon a very limited scale. The river Conway affords every facility of conveyance for the produce of the mines, and every opportunity of intercourse with the neighbouring districts. A fair is held on October 3rd and 4th. The living is a rectory, in the archdeaconry and diocese of Bangor, rated in the king's books at 6.19.4 1/2., and in the patronage of the Bishop. The church, dedicated to St. Peter, from which circumstance the parish derives its name, is a small but neat edifice, pleasantly situated on an eminence, and comprises a nave, chancel, and south transept or chapel. There are places of worship for Baptists, Independents, and Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodists. The amount of several charitable donations and bequests by various benefactors has been invested in the purchase of land producing a rental of 64. 19., which is annually distributed among the poor in money and clothing during the winter. On the summit of a lofty hill, one mile east-south-east of the church, is Pen y Gaer, a British camp of great strength, comprehending a spacious area defended by ramparts of stones : the foundations of several circular buildings lie scattered about it, and the fosses by which it was surrounded are still visible : in the immediate neighbourhood of this camp are numerous upright stones, perhaps, as Camden observes, placed there to serve as chevaux de frise to defend the approaches to the camp. At Tai y Cavn, an isolated township of this parish, entirely surrounded by portions of that of Caerhen, is an important ferry across the Conway, communicating with Eglwys-Bach, in Denbighshire, and the only one between the bridges of Llanrwst and Aberconway. Near the approach to this ferry is a small artificial mound of earth, on which once stood a castle, or tower, to protect the passage of the river, but not a vestige of this building can now be seen. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to 232. 5.

ARDDR

ARDDR (ARDDAU), a township in the parish of LLANBEDR, hundred of LLECHWEDD ISAV, county of CARNARVON, NORTH WALES, 4 miles (N. by W.) from Llanrwst, containing, with the township of Dol y Garrog, 158 inhabitants. The township of the ancient lord-ship of Arddr, including a part of the extra-parochial demesne of Maenan Abbey, situate between the rivers Dolgarrog and Dulyn, maintains its own poor, by a regulation lately entered into by the parishioners.

DOL Y GARROG

DOL Y GARROG, a township in the parish of LLANBEDR, hundred of LLECHWEDD-ISAV, county of CARNARVON, NORTH WALES, 4 miles (N. N. W.) from Llanrwst. The population is returned with the township of Arddr. This place is situated on the turnpike road between Aberconway and Llanrwst, where the scenery of the beautiful vale of the river Conway assumes its most diversified and picturesque character. A stream, issuing from Llyn Cawlwyd, a lake on the lofty mountains to the south, and, rushing down with great force between steep banks, forming many pleasing cascades in its course, crosses the road here, and falls into the Conway. Over it is a lofty bridge of one arch, from which the varied scenery of the surrounding district is seen to much advantage.

TAL Y CAVN

TAL Y CAVN, a township in the parish of LLANBEDR, hundred of LLECHWEDD ISAV, county of CARNARVON, NORTH WALES, 7 1/2 miles (N.) from Llanrwst, containing, with the township of Llanbedr, 318 inhabitants. This isolated spot, though forming part of the parish of Llanbedr, is entirely surrounded by that of Caerhen, and is situated upon the western bank of the river Conway, which is here navigable, and across which there is a public ferry to Eglwys-Bach, in the county of Denbigh. This is the only ferry between the bridges of Aberconway and Llanrwst, and near the approach to it there is a small artificial mount, on which was once a tower, or castle, erected to defend the pass, but of which building there are not now the slightest vestiges : it is said by Camden to have been called Bryn-Castell, and to have served as an exploratory tower forming an outpost of the Roman station Conovium.

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