Llangian

"LLANGIAN, a parish in the hundred of Gafflogian, county Carnarvon, 6 miles S.W. of Pwllheli, its post town, and 6 N.E. of Llanfaelrhy. It is situated N.E. of Hellsmouth Bay, and W. of St. Tudwall's road. The people are mostly engaged in the fishery. The living is a curacy annexed to the rectory* of Llanbedrog, in the diocese of Bangor. The church is dedicated to St. Cian. In the churchyard is an ancient inscribed stone surrounded by a curious sunken pavement. There are charities amounting to about £3 per annum. Nanhoron is the principal residence. A fair is held on 28th June." [From The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) - Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]

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Bibliography

  • Jones, W L. Y ddwylan : a summary of the history of the churches of Llanengan and Llangian. Abersoch : W. L. Jones, [1973?] 12p
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Church History

Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 11, North Wales. Ed. by Ieuan Gwynedd Jones, UWP, 1981. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.

Llangian Parish; Statistics; Area 4835 acres; Population 528 males, 633 females, total 1161

  • Llangian Parish Church           Attendance - morning 36, afternoon 18      "......The whole of the parish belongs to 3 proprietors to whom tenant seats are appropriated"            John Hughes, Curate
  • Ysgoldy Mynytho, Independent              Erected 1821       Attendance - average - general congregation 250, scholars 40                J Evans, Carmel, Abersoch
  • Capel-y-Nant, Calvinistic Methodists          Erected 1788            Attendance - morning 135 scholars, afternoon 276, evening 135            William Jones, Deacon, Pandy Saethlon(?)
  • Carmel, Mynytho, Wesleyan Methodist           Erected 1840       Attendance - morning 35, afternoon 15, evening 36          Robert Jones, Wesleyan Minister
  • Capel Newydd, Independent          Erected 1769      Attendance - morning 73, afternoon 60, evening 15                Cadwaladr Williams, Bryncelin, Abersoch
  • Talgraig, Anabaptist              Erected 1810        Attendance - evening 80             Hugh Morgan, Deacon

        Penllyn site - Llangian Church

        • Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for Capel-Newydd, Nanhoron chapel (in Welsh )   - with translation by Eleri Rowlands (May 2013)                Also Mynytho chapel  - with translation by Eleri Rowlands (March 2010)

        Various items - on the People's Collection Wales  site

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        Description and Travel

        Llangian - on the Penllyn.com site

        You can see pictures of Llangian which are provided by:

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        Gazetteers

        LLANGIAN (LLAN-GIAN), a parish in the hundred of GAFLOGION, in the Lleyn division of the county of CARNARVON, NORTH WALES, 7 miles (S. W. by W.) from Pwllheli, containing 1211 inhabitants. It is four miles in length and three in breadth, and is pleasantly situated near the south-western extremity of the county, and in the centre of the promontory which shelters on the west St. Tudwal's Roads, in the bay of Cardigan. It comprehends a very extensive tract of land, of which a considerable portion is unenclosed and uncultivated: the remainder, which is rich and fertile, has been brought into a good state of cultivation. An act of parliament was obtained, in 1808, for enclosing the common called Mynydd Mynytho, comprising from six to seven hundred acres, of which by far the greater portion is within this parish. The surrounding scenery is pleasingly varied, and in some places highly picturesque ; and the views from the higher grounds over the bay of Cardigan on the south and east, and over the adjacent country on the north, combine many objects of interest and features of beauty. Nanhoron, in this parish, the residence of Richard Lloyd Edwards, Esq., is an elegant mansion, beautifully situated in grounds which are tastefully disposed, and surrounded with woods of stately growth, and with thriving plantations, which form a prominent and highly ornamental feature in the scenery of the place. The inhabitants, with the exception of such as are engaged in the herring fishery, which is carried on here during the season, are principally employed in agriculture. Some indications of lead-ore have been observed in several parts of the parish, but no mines have yet been opened, nor any works established. A fair is held on June 28th. The living is a perpetual curacy, annexed to the rectory of Llanbedrog, in the archdeaconry and diocese of Bangor. The church, dedicated to St. Cian, is a spacious and well-built edifice, containing several good monuments to the family of Nanhoron, of which one to the memory of Captain Edwards, R. N., who died at sea, is remarkable for its elegance. There are places of worship for Independents and Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodists. Richard Hughes, in 1642, bequeathed in trust to the heirs of Ty'n y Cae and Nanhoron Issa, £40, the interest of which, together with that of some other charitable donations and bequests, is annually distributed among the poor of the parish. The average annual expenditure for the maintenance of the poor is £450. 6. (A Topographical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis, 1833)

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        Historical Geography

        You can see the administrative areas in which Llangian has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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        Land and Property

        Gwynedd County Council collection of Caernarfonshire deeds   - details of extant records on Archives Network Wales
        "Include; ........... Deeds from the parishes of ......... Llangian 1772-1899......"

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        Law and Legislation

        Various items - on the People's Collection Wales  site

        • Writ of Venire Facias for a jury.  'The sheriff is ordered to summon twenty four men from the neighbourhood of Llangïan to appear before the Justices at Llangian on Tuesday, February 5th, to inquire if Owen ap Tudur Fychan of Llangian, gentleman, and other malefactors forcibly entered upon a certain messuage and tenement lying in a place called Mynyth Myniffo which lately belonged to Gutyn Llewelyn ap Eingion in the township aforesaid and was in the possession of Lewis ap Gutyn Llewelyn and David Lloyd ap John Gruffydd, whom they expelled and disseised therefrom.The writ is tested and signed by Eliza Morys and Gruffydd ap Robert Fychan, esquires, Justices of the Peace. Endorsement: vera; per me Johannem Smythe, deputatum Clerici Pacis.' dd 8 Jan 1548 
        • This indictment reads as follows: 'Annes ferch Hywel alian Anni Hywel of Llannor, spinster, at Llangian at about midnight entered the house of John ap Robert ap Llywelyn ap Ithel, esq., and feloniously took away a cloak worth 12d., (6s. 8d. and two sheets worth 3s. 4d. (belonging to the said John). Marginal note: irrotulatur. Footnote: retornatur. [No endorsement]' dd 24 Oct 1553
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