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TREFRIW

"TREFRIW, a parish in the hundred of Nant Conway, county Carnarvon, 2 miles N.W. of Llanrwst, its post town, and 10 from Aberconway. The village is situated in the vale of the Conway, which is navigable for small craft. Lead, zinc, and other minerals are found here. The living is a rectory* with the curacy of Lanrhychwyn, in the diocese of Bangor, value 168, in the patronage of the Bishop of Llandaff. The church was built by Llewelyn in 1230. At lake Llyn Geirionydd lived Taliesin, the father of Welsh poets. Salmon, trout, and other fish are abundant in the streams and lakes. Fairs are held on the 12th May, 3rd September, and 7th November." [From The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) - Transcribed by Colin Hinson 2003]

Bibliography
Church History
Church Records
Description and Travel
Gazetteers

Maps
Merchant Marine
Occupations
Schools

Bibliography

A brief medical historical and geographical review of the Trefriw Chalybeate Wells : "the richest iron waters known". Trefriw : Trefriw Chalybeate Wells, 1908. 68p

A guide to Bettws-y-Coed and Llanrwst : with notices of Capel Curig, Trefriw, and Dolwyddelan. Manchester : Abel Heywood & Son, [1906]

Beecham's photo-folio : 24 choice photographic views ... Bettws -y- Coed & Trefriw. St.Helens, Lancashire : Thomas Beecham, [ca.1900?]

Evans, J R. The Trefriw steamers, 1847-1940. Trafodion Cymdeithas Hanes y Bedyddwyr (1989), p. 13-16

Hayward, John W. Guide to Trefriw and the Vale of Conway spa. Liverpool : London : Adam Holden ; Simpkin, Marshall, 1881. 83p

Jones, Morris C. Hanes Trefriw : fel y bu ac fel y mae : sef desgrifiad cryno o'r ardal a'r trigolion, achyddiaeth yr hen deuluoedd, campau ac arferion yr henafiaid . Llanrwst : Argraphwyd gan W.J. Roberts, 1879. 48p

Lilly, Gweneth. Treason at Trefriw : the Conwy Valley, 1605. Llandysul : Pont Books, 1993. 68p. Welsh version originally published: Llandysul: Gomer, 1991

Phil ap Iorwerth. Living link with the past : [Trefriw woollen mill]. Country Quest 28/1 (1987), p. 45

Roberts, Owen O. The Vale of Conway Spa : or, Observations upon the medicinal properties of the Trefriw Waters. Carnarvon : James Rees, pr, 1853. 27p

Trefriw and Llanrhychwyn churches : a short story. Trefriw : Llanrhychwyn : Saint Mary's Church ; Llanrhychwyn Church, [197-?] 8p

Trefriw : its lakes and walks. Manchester : Abel Heywood and Son, 1907. 28p

Wicklen, Stan. Editions of Y Dadl (1776) of Dafydd Jones of Trefriw. Transactions of the Caernarvonshire Historical 46 (1985), p. 15-21

Williams, Samuel. Hanes Ebeneser, Trefriw 1935-1966. Trefriw : [Eglwys Trefriw?], 1967. 19p

Church History

Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for Trefriw chapel (in Welsh )   - with translation by Eleri Rowlands (Dec 2009)

Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 11, North Wales. Ed. by Ieuan Gwynedd Jones, UWP, 1981. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.

Trefriw Parish; Statistics; Area (with Llanrhychwyn parish) 9576 acres; Population (just Trefriw) 214 males, 214 females, total 428

Church Records

Joyce Hinde has supplied a list of Parish Registers held at the Caernarfon Area Record Office.

Description and Travel

Trefriw - on the Times Past - North Wales Photo Archive site

'Trefriw, near Llanrwst, with mill' by David Cox jnr (1809-85) (water colour and pencil) - on the People's Collection Wales site

Gazetteers

TREVRIW (TREV-RIW), a parish in the Uchgorvai division of the hundred of NANTCONWAY, county of CARNARVON, NORTH WALES, on the road from Aberconway to Llanrwst, 2 miles (N. N. W.) from Llanrwst, containing 413 inhabitants. The village is situated on the western bank of the river Conway, up which the tide flows to it, and vessels of sixty tons' burden come up to this place, bringing coal, lime, and other heavy goods for Llanrwst and the neighbouring parishes, and conveying downwards the produce of the slate quarries of Trevriw and Llanrhychwyn. Lead-ore and zinc exist in the parish, and have lately been procured to a considerable extent. Fairs are held on May 12th, September 3rd, and November 7th. The living is a discharged rectory, with the perpetual curacy of Llanrhychwyn annexed, in the archdeaconry and diocese of Bangor, rated in the king's books at 7. 15. 10., and in the patronage of the Bishop of Bangor. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a small edifice, consisting of a nave, chancel, and north aisle : it is stated to have been built by Prince Llewelyn the Great, about the year 1230, "for the ease of his princess, who before was obliged to go on foot to Llanrhychwyn, a long walk among the mountains." There are places of worship for Independents and Calvinistic Methodists. A free school, for the benefit of poor children of Trevriw and the adjoining parishes, was founded here, in 1817, by Lord Willoughby de Eresby, by whom it is also supported. Llewelyn ab Iorwerth is stated to have had a palace here, situated in a place now called Gardd y Neuadd, where some hewn stones were discovered, which have since been used in building a wall, and are pointed out as the only remaining fragments of the royal habitation. Dr. Thomas Williams, a physician, who compiled a Latin and Welsh Dictionary, and wrote some other works, which are preserved in manuscript, was, according to Mr. Owen, a native of Trevriw, where he died about the year 1620. The poor are supported by an average annual expenditure amounting to 75. 8. . (A Topographical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis, 1833)

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Gwynedd Family History Society  have a diagram of the ecclesiastical parishes of Caernarfonshire (under Publications)  - with some links to photographs of parish churches

Merchant Marine

Trefriw Port Books 1817-1847 -  details of extant records on Archives Network Wales
"Include; ............ details of vessels, tonnages, masters, origins, destinations, cargoes by weight and fees etc .........."

Occupations

Trefriw Woollen Mill  - on the Finster site

Trefriw Woollen Mill - on Kate and Jeff McConnaughey's site

Slate Pier at Trefriw, photographed by Roger Fenton between 1851 and 1862  - on the People's Collection Wales site

Schools

Conwy Schools (Ysgolion Conwy) records -  details of extant records on Archives Network Wales
"Include; ......... Trefriw: National School, 1866-1953; Trefriw: Nantbwlchyrhaiarn Council School, 1908-1964

 


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