"BLAEN-PENAL, a chapelry in the parish of LLANDEWY-BREVI , lower division of the hundred of PENARTH, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 10 1/2 miles (N. by E.) from Lampeter, containing 543 inhabitants. It is situated at the extremity of the beautiful vale of Aëron which river rises from a mountain near the village, in which and the surrounding district are several pleasing and ornamental residences. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St.David's, endowed with £800 royal bounty, and £200 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Perpetual Curate of Llandewy-Brevi. The chapel is dedicated to St. David. There is a place of worship for Calvinistic Methodists. This chapelry separately supports its own poor : the average annual expenditure is £82.4." [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]
Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants.
Blaenpenal Church of an ancient chapelry Evan Evans, Perpetual Curate, Treflan Rectory
The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;
Area 4105 acres; Population 239 males, 266 females, total 505
Blaenpennal (41); Afon Ddu; Blaen Aeron; Blaenpenal (village); Bryn-croiau; Bryn-ffin; Esgair-hendy; Esgair Saeson; Ffos-las; Fron; Llwyn-bwch; Llyn Eiddwen; Llyn Fanod; Mynydd Bach; Mynydd brith; Plas; Sarn Helen; Taihirionrhos; Tan-yr-esgair; Triael; Woollen factory; Ynys
With the kind permission of the publisher, these selected extracts below are taken from "The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.
"Leland says 'The Chapel of Blaine Pennial longith to Llandewibrevi, but it is in Cairdiganshire over Tyne a 3 or 4 myles from Tyne Ripe '."
"This still under the control of Llandewi Brevi but whatever it once might have been, it is now a disgrace to the mother church. It is a small tiled building, with only one window and one door, and as there is a thatched hovel adjoining it [which is the habitation of the clerk] it more resembles a barn than a place of religious worship.It is about two miles and a half north of Llangeitho."
"In 1847 the "Tamerlane" left Aberystwyth with 462 passengers and crew.
The passengers were mainly from the parts of east Cardiganshire, such as Lledrod, Mynydd-bach, and Tai-hirion-y-rhos" (Tai-hirion, near Blaenpennal).
The newspaper, The Welshman, identified the male passengers as 75 farmers, 65 labourers, 13 carpenters, 17 tailors, 6 blacksmiths, 5 hatters, and 10 miners, the latter probably came from the lead mining district north east of Mynydd Bach. "