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Eglwys Newydd

"EGLWYS - NEWYDD, or LLANVIHANGELY CREIDDYN-UCHÂV, a chapelry in the parish of LLANVIHANGELY CREIDDYN, hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES,14 miles (S. E.) from Aberystwith, containing 1027 inhabitants. This place derives the latter of these names from its relative situation in the parish, and the former from the erection of a church, in 1803, by the late Thomas Johnes, Esq., on the site of a former edifice originally built here in 1620 by the Herberts of Havôd, for the convenience of the family, and the accommodation of the miners employed in the adjoining district of Cwm Ystwith. Havôd the seat of the late Mr. Johnes, was originally the residence of a branch of the Herbert family, who, embarking in the mining adventures of the neighbourhood, built a house here, which, from the nature of the ground and the badness of the roads, being inaccessible except during the summer, obtained the appellation of " Havôd " signifying a summer residence.........."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Biography

For Thomas Johnes, see entry in The Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940. London 1959

Inglis-Jones, Elizabeth. Peacocks in Paradise. Faber & Faber , 1960.The classic account of the life of Thomas Johnes and the buildings of his estate at Hafod. Reprinted by Gomer, Llandysul in 2001/2. (0 8683 672 0), 254 pp, paper back. Gomer site intro; "This is a classic biography of an eighteenth-century house and of the man who tamed the wild hills of west Wales to create a Romantic idyll there. 'We live,' said Thomas Johnes of Hafod, 'like peacocks in paradise.'....... His rebuilding of the original mansion at the estate included an extension by the celebrated architect John Nash, schemes for road-making and tree-planting on a grand scale, the running of a printing press and the acquisition of a library collection and innumerable exquisite furnishings. All this, along with his extravagant entertainment of his many visiters - and his guest lists boasted hordes of celebrated thinkers, writers and artists of the period, including Turner himself - led to inevitable financial ruin. .......Johnes's trees still stand in the heavily wooded, craggy Ystwyth Valley, but Hafod itself is no more. It was demolished in 1950, the year in which Peacocks in Paradise was first published........."

Macve, Jennifer. W G Tarrant: last squire of Hafod (NLW's site) Ceredigion XI

Moore-Colyer, R J. Thomas Johnes of Hafod (1748-1816): Translator and Bibliophile (NLW's site) Welsh History Review 15

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Eglwys Newydd area or see them printed on a map.

Church History

Originally a chapelry in Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn parish.

The obsolete parish name is Hafod.

See under Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn parish for church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976.

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

  • St Michael & St Iago Chapel
  • Incumbent and Curates; T N Jones (J A Jones)
  • Rural Deanery of Llanbadarn Fawr
  • Acreage --- ; Population 533

          Church Records

          See Notes on Church & Chapel Records

          Parish Register;
          Baptisms 1773-1991. Marriages 1774-89, 1803-1970 [Banns 1823-61]. Burials 1773-1992 NLW/Cer.RO
          Bishops Transcripts;
          1811-61, 1863-79, 1882, 1885, 1887-8 NLW

          See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

          I.G.I; Baptisms 1823-75

          Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from Cardiganshire Family History Society Volume 2: Ilar (Upper) Hundred . Parishes covered: Eglwys Newydd, Gwnnws, Llanafan, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, Llanilar, Lledrod, Rhostïe, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Ystrad Meurig

          Nonconformist Chapels; See Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn parish

          Description and Travel

          The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

          • Area 15961 acres; Population 660 males, 728 females, total 1388

                  Description of the parish of Eglwys Newydd from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

                  Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895 entry for Eglwys Newydd (or Llanfihangel y Creuddyn Upper)

                  See Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn parish (under Upper Llanfihangel-y-creuddyn ) for place name extracts from Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.).

                  You can see pictures of Eglwys Newydd which are provided by:

                  Historical Geography

                  You can see the administrative areas in which Eglwys Newydd has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

                  Ask for a calculation of the distance from Eglwys Newydd (or Hafod) to another place.

                  History

                  Held at Ceredigion Archives;

                  • A documented history of Hafod prepared and deposited by Jenny McVe of the Hafod Trust.
                  • Cambria Archaeology Archaeological Audit on Hafod Mansion, 2 volumes.

                  The book Mynegai i Ceredigion [Index to Ceredigion] 1-X, edited by Howells,W.H. 1990, has numerous references to Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, to Thomas Johnes and to Hafod Uchtryd.

                  Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print has now been reprinted. The section relating to this chapel of ease is on pages 287/98; the last 4 incumbents of the church were David Evans, 1760 William Hughes, 1780 David Williams of Caron, 1797 Lewis Evans of Tyn-rhelig. Section on Havod, with pedigree of Thomas Johnes Esq.

                  Land and Property

                  Held at the NLW ;

                  • Papers from the estate of T.J.Waddingham relating to the Hafod estate, Cardiganshire, 1794-1904, including records relating to lead-mining.

                  Held at Ceredigion Archives;

                  • Sale catalogues for selected household contents at Hafod [1939] and Nanteos [1957].
                  • Deeds and documents for the Hafod Estate 18th - 20th century
                  • Edited transcripts of the 4th Duke of Newcastle's diaries concerning the time he lived at Hafod, near Cwmystwyth.

                  Guide to the Dept. of Manuscripts and records, NLW, 1994.The main reference to the parish of Eglwys Newydd is under Abertrinant, with deeds 1716-1807, mainly in the parish of Llanfihangel -y-Creuddyn.

                  Borron, John R E. The Waddinghams of Hafod (NLW's site) Ceredigion XI

                  Colyer, Richard. The Hafod Estate under Thomas Johnes and Henry Pelham, fourth Duke of Newcastle (NLW's site) Welsh History Review 8

                  Cumberland, George. ; Macve, Jennifer. ; Sclater, Andrew. An attempt to describe Hafod Ymddiriedolaeth Yr Hafod, Hafod Trust, Bicentenary ed. 1996 1796. Facsimile of ed. originally published: 1796. - Repr. with new introduction and notes.

                  Evans, E D. Hafod in the time of the Duke of Newcastle (1785-1851) (NLW's site) Ceredigion XII

                  Inglis-Jones, Elisabeth. Hafod of Thomas Johnes. Wales, 1946

                  Kerkham, Caroline and Stephen Briggs. A review of the archaeological potential of the Hafod landscape (NLW's site) Ceredigion XI

                  Linnard, W. Thomas Johnes of Hafod, Pioneer of Upland Afforrestation in Wales (NLW's site) Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VI, No 3, 1970.

                  Thomas, John. The architectural development of Hafod 1786-1807 & 1807-1882 (2 parts) (NLW's site) Ceredigion Vol VII

                  Maps

                  You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN765732 (Lat/Lon: 52.342899, -3.814347), Eglwys Newydd which are provided by:

                  Occupations

                  Davies, Dan / Hughes, William. Atgofion Dau Grefftwr. Cymdeithas Lyfrau Ceredigion, 1963. Welsh text. Reminiscences of two craftsmen--A Rhydlewis tailor and a carpenter from Hafod. One of a series of 8 Cardiganshire reminiscences.

                  Social life and Customs

                  Johnes, Thomas, 1748-1816.Edited by Moore-Colyer, Richard J. A land of pure delight : selections from the letters of Thomas Johnes of Hafod, Cardiganshire,1748-1816 . Gomer, Llandysul, Dyfed : Gomer,1992. (Gomer Catalogue 2002, 0 86383 751 4)