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An Illustrated History of Cardiganshire

By W J Lewis, 1970

The text and map/drawings are bilingual, the general format of the book is that the text is illustrated with an accompanying map/drawing of the county.
This database was compiled by Gareth Hicks 2000/3 from some of these map/diagrams

 

 

 

Chapter headings

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This is a listing of chapter headings, in the order they appear in the book , plus an indication of what any accompanying diagrams relate to;

Photographs

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This is a list of the photographs, not in alphabetical order ;

Tai Unnos

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Some of the Tai Unnos (One Night Houses) on Mynydd Llanddewibrefi from a map/diagram on page 68;

The group on the Avon Camddwr, north to south;

The group on the Avon Doethie;

The group on the Avon Pysgotwr fawr/fach

 

The Middle Ages, names of commotes, and explanation, from the book's map/diagram

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In accordance with the Laws of Hywel Dda, there were originally 4 hundreds (not those we now know about---see below) in Ceredigion. Their names have been lost apart from one, Penweddig which stretched from the river Ystwyth to the Dyfi; as population increased they were in any event divided up into two or more commotes, the commote, or cwmwd being the unit of local government in the Middle Ages.  The commote was governed by a lord who was responsible to the chief lord or local king/prince. The commote system continued after the Norman Conquest, although a Norman lord replaced the Welsh lord .

On page 16 of the book is a map/diagram showing these commotes and the names/site of churches, chapels (as in chapelries), and other religious houses within their boundaries; the details are in the table below; there are 4 boroughs listed at the end which are assumed not to be part of the commotes as such but I may be wrong. The second column denotes which hundred (see also hundreds)  the commotes became a part of subsequently, the boundaries of which more or less correspond to those of the grouped commotes.

Commote

Hundred

Parish church

Chapel

Other

Genau'r Glyn

Genau'r-Glyn

 

Llanfihangel Castell Gwallter

 

Perfedd

Genau'r-Glyn

 

  • Llangorwen
  • Ysbyty Cynfyn

Llanbadarn (Priory)

 

Creuddyn

Ilar

Llanfihangel y Creuddyn

 

 

Mefenydd

Ilar

  • Carrog
  • Llanrhystud
  • Llanilar
  • Rhostie
  • Lledrod
  • Ystrad Meurig

Llanychaearn

 

Anhuniog

Ilar

  • Llansantffraid
  • Llanddewi Aber-arth
  • Llanbadarn Trefeglwys
  • Trefilan
  • Llan-non
  • Henfynyw

 

Pennardd

Penarth

  • Llanbadarn Odwyn
  • Nantcwnlle
  • Caron
  • Llanddewi Brefi
  • Blaenpennal
  • Llangeitho

 

Ystrad Fflur (Abbey)

Mabwynion

Moyddyn

  • Silian
  • Betws Bledrws
  • Llangybi
  • Cellan
  • Betws Leucu
  • Ciliau Aeron
  • Llanfihangel Ystrad
  • Llanfair Clydogau

Llanllyr (Nunnery)

Caerwedros

Moyddyn

  • Llannarth
  • Dihewyd
  • Llanllwchaearn
  • Llandysiliogogo
  • Capel Crist
  • Llanina
  • Carriog

 

 

Iscoed

Troed yr aur

  • Ferwig
  • Llandygwydd
  • Troed yr aur
  • Penbryn
  • Llangoedmor
  • Llechryd
  • Llangynllo

 

  • Twr-gwyn
  • Tremain
  • Cenarth
  • Aberporth
  • Blaenporth
  • Brithdir
  • Capel Gwnda
  • Henllan

 

Gwinionydd

Moyddyn

  • Llandyfrio
  • Llandysul
  • Llanwnnen
  • Llanwenog
  • Bangor
  • Llansilfed
  • Capel Ffraid
  • Capel Dewi
  • Llanfechan
  • Y Faerdref
  • Bryn-yr-eglwys
  • Rhuddlan

 

.

 

 

 

 

Adpar (Borough)

 

 

 

 

Aberteifi
(Parish church, Priory
 and Borough)

 

 

 

 

Llanbadarn Pont Steffan
(Parish church and Borough)

 

 

 

 

Aberystwyth (Borough)

 

 

 

 

Houses of the Early Gentry in Tudor times

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This list of house names belonging to the gentry of Tudor times is extracted from the map/diagram on page 24, and listed in alphabetical order (names are given their old form) ;

Growth of Non-conformity

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On page 30 is a map/diagram showing the comparative coverage of nonconformist meeting places and chapels between the two periods 1650-1738 and 1739-1820. The names of the places and stated denominations have been extracted below. Please note that some places changed denomination over the years.
Where I've been able to ascertain it I have superimposed the name of the parish in which a place was, unless already obvious from the name.

1650-1738

Independent/Congregational

Baptist

  • Abermeurig (Gartheli)
  • Aberteifi (Cardigan)
  • Blaenpennal
  • Caeronnen (Cellan)
  • Cilgwyn (Llangybi)
  • Ciliau Aeron
  • Crug-y-maen
  • Dihewyd
  • Llanbedr Pont Steffan (Lampeter)
  • Llanddeibrefi
  • Llandysiliogogo
  • Llanfair Trelygen
  • Llannarth
  • Llechryd
  • Llwynpiod (Llanbadarn Odwyn)
  • Llwynrhydowen (Llandysul)
  • Llwyn-rhys
  • Pantycreuddyn
  • Tir-llwyd
  • Tre-wen (Brongwyn)
  • Tynygwndwn (Llanfihangel Ystrad)
  • Wern ? (not Llanina)
  • Ciliau Aeron
  • Coedgleision
  • Lan-dwr
  • Rhos-goch

22

4

1739-1820

Independent/Congregational

Baptist

Calvinistic Methodist

Unitarian

Wesleyan Methodist

  • Abermeurig(Gartheli)
  • Aberporth
  • Aberteifi (Cardigan)
  • Aberystwyth
  • Alltyblaca (Llanwenog)
  • Blaenpennal
  • Caeronnen (Cellan)
  • Carmel (Llandysul)
  • Cellan
  • Cilcennin
  • Cilgwyn (Llangybi)
  • Ciliau Aeron
  • Clarach
  • Crug -y- maen
  • Crygiau
  • Cwrtnewydd (Llanwenog)
  • Drefach (Llanwenog)
  • Glynarthen (Penbryn)
  • Goginan
  • Hawen (Troedyraur)
  • Horeb (Llandysul)
  • Llanbadarn
  • Llandysul
  • Llangybi
  • Llanwenog
  • Llechryd
  • Llwynrhydowen (Llandysul)
  • Llwyn-rhys
  • Mydroilyn (Llanarth)
  • Nebo (Llansantffraid)
  • Neuadd-lwyd (Henfynyw)
  • Pantycreuddyn
  • Penrhiwgaled (Llanllwchaearn)
  • Pentre
  • Tal-y-bont (Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn)
  • Tre-wen (Brongwyn)
  • Troed-y-rhiw (Dihewyd)
  • Tynygwndwn (Llanfihangel Ystrad)
  • Aberteifi (Cardigan)
  • Aberystwyth
  • Argoed (Tregaron)
  • Capel Gwndwn
  • Coedgleision
  • Ddeiniol
  • Ferwig (Verwick)
  • Llandysul
  • Llwyndafydd (Llandysiliogogo)
  • Penrhyn-coch (Llanbadarn Fawr)
  • Penyparc (Llangoedmor)
  • Rhos-goch
  • Tal-y-bont (Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn)
  • Aberaeron
  • Aber-arth
  • Aberbanc (Capel Drindod, Henllan)
  • Aber-ffrwd (Llanbadarn Fawr)
  • Aberteifi (Cardigan)
  • Aberystwyth
  • Bethania (Llanbadarn Trefeglwys)
  • Blaenannerch
  • Blaen-cefn (Verwick)
  • Blaen-plwyf (Llanychaearn)
  • Borth (Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn)
  • Brongest (Troed-yr-aur)
  • Capel Dewi (Llanbadarn Fawr)
  • Capel Trisant (Llanfihangel-y-
    creuddyn)
  • Capel-y-wig
    (Llangrannog)
  • Ceinewydd(New Quay, Llan
    llwchaearn)
  • Craig-wen
  • Cwmystwyth (Llanfihangel-y-
    creuddyn)
  • Ffos-y-ffin (Henfynyw)
  • Furnace (Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn)
  • Llanafan
  • Llanbedr (Lampeter)
  • Llanddewibrefi
  • Llandysul
  • Llangeitho
  • Llangwyryfon
  • Llangybi
  • Llanilar
  • Llan-non
  • Llanrhystyd
  • Llechryd
  • Lledrod
  • Llwynpiod (Llanbadarn Odwyn)
  • Pen-llwyn (Llanbadarn Fawr)
  • Penmorfa (Penbryn)
  • Pennant (Llanbadarn Trefeglwys)
  • Pen-sarn (Llandysiliogogo)
  • Pen-y-garn (Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn)
  • Ponterwyd (Llanbadarn Fawr)
  • Pontrhydfendigaid
    (Gwnnws)
  • Rhydyfelin
    (Llanbadarn Fawr)
  • Salem (Troed-yr-aur)
  • Sarnau (Penbryn)
  • Swyddffynnon
    ( Lledrod)
  • Tregaron
  • Tre'r-ddol (Llangynfelyn)
  • Twr-gwyn (Troed-yr-aur)
  • Waunifor (Llandysul)
  • Ysbyty Ystwyth
  • Bwlch-y-fadfa
    (Llandysiliogogo)
  • Capel-y-groes (Llanwnnen)
  • Cribyn (Llanfihangel Ystrad)
  • Lloyd Jac
  • Pantydefaid (Llandysul)
  • Rhyd-y-gwin (Llanfihangel Ystrad)
  • Aberteifi
  • Aberystwyth
  • Borth
  • Ceinewydd
    (New Quay, Llan
    llwchaearn)
  • Cilcennin
  • Eglwys-fach
    (Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn)
  • Llanbedr
  • Llandysul
  • Llangwyryfon
  • Llannarth
  • Mynydd-bach
    (Llanfihangel-y-
    creuddyn)
  • Pontrhydfendigaid
    (Gwnnws)
  • Pont-rhyd-y-groes
    (Ysbyty Ystwyth)
  • Tre'r-ddol
    (Llangynfelyn) 

 38

 13

 49

 6

 14

Occupations in Cardiganshire from the 1831 census

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On page 56 there is an analysis of occupations from  the 1831 census for Cardiganshire, here is a summary;


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(Gareth Hicks  11 November 2003)

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