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LLANBADARN FAWR

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"LLANBADARN-VAWR (LLAN-BADARN-VAWR a parish comprising the sea-port, borough, and market and post town of Aberystwith, from which the church is one mile distant, to the south-east, and the hamlets of Broncastellan and Clarach, in the upper division, and those of Cwrnrheidol, Elerch, Is‚ yn Dre', Uch‚ yn Dre', Is‚ yn Vainor, Uch‚ yn Vainor, Melindwr, Parcel-Canol and TrÍvirig in the lower division of the hundred of GENEU'R GLYN; and the hamlets of Llanbadarn Is‚ yn y Croythen and Llanbadarn Uch‚ yn y Croythen, each of all these hamlets maintaining its own poor, in the upper division of the hundred of ILAR county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES; and containing 9824 inhabitants......"
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Cemeteries

Llanbadarn parish [ northern part] [ 16 chapels], Mls; searches within  their Research Service from   Cardiganshire Family History Society

Llanbadarn Churchyard - MIs by A W Gilbey. And the book 'The Churchyard at Llanbadarn Fawr' by A. W Gilbey

Census

The Benjamin Indexes
These are held at Ceredigion Archives who are prepared to carry out a reasonable search, they are transcripts (& indexes) of the census for Aberystwyth and North Cardiganshire, prepared by the late Mr.Benjamin, and deposited at various locations including that office. They are very good transcripts, and represent a massive amount of work - inevitably there are a few small mistakes, but they are generally useful and accurate. They cover the period 1841-1881 and include the parishes of Llanbadarn Fawr, Llanfihangel y Creuddyn, Llanfihangel Geneu'r-glyn, Llancynfelyn, (bits of ) Llanbadarn y Creuddyn, Lanychaearn, Llanafan and others.
Also, the 1891 census for Aberystwyth only has been transcribed by William Howells, the County Librarian, and is also available at Ceredigion Archives .

See under Church Records below for information re censuses for this parish and for Elerch parish

 

Benjamin, E Alwyn. Melindwr, Cardiganshire...The Censuses of 1841-71   Ceredigion: Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society. Vol. IX, No. 4 (1983). Here is  an index by Gareth Hicks of property names, districts, hamlets and villages noted in the 1841-1871 censuses for this township in the article.   The full article  is now on the NLW's site
'This most informative study exposes the development of the lead mining industry in Melindwr township over the period covered by the 1841-71 censuses. In terms of simple statistics the 1841 total population was 674 and that in 1871 was 1342 ; with the numbers of inhabited houses being 127 and 289 respectively.....In 1841, almost 20% of the inhabitants were not born in CGN and although this census doesn't show actual places of origin since one group of properties in Goginan was named Cornish Mount it seems reasonable to assume that many came from Cornwall. In fact , further analysis of the 1851 total of 1,151 people shows that 894 [78%] were born in CGN ;Cornwall 112 ; Devon 20 ; Ireland 46 ; Elsewhere 79. It would appear that the inflow of Cornish people peaked in 1851 ebbing sharply in the following decade when there were as many Irish born there as Cornish...'

Benjamin, E Alwyn. The Enumeration District of Cwmrheidol 1861-71: a Comparative Study   (NLW's site) Ceredigion Vol IX

Benjamin, E. Alwyn. Parcel Canol, Cardiganshire : a study of the censuses 1841-81 (NLW's site)   Ceredigion, x 4 : 383-91

Church History

See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data re St Padarn's Church

All Saints church, Llangorwen - photograph on Dyfed FHS

Capel Bangor church - photograph on Dyfed FHS

St Matthew Goginan Mission - photograph on Dyfed FHS  (under Capel Bangor)

St John's church, Penrhyncoch - photograph on Dyfed FHS

St Padarn's church - photograph on Dyfed FHS

St Peter's church, Elerch - photograph on Dyfed FHS

St John the Baptist, Ysbyty Cynfyn  - photograph on Dyfed FHS

LLANBADARNFAWR, St. Padarn 1868-1880  - on the Church plans online site PENRHYN-COCH, St. John the Divine 1878-1881 - on the Church plans online site

YSPYTTY CYNFYN, St. John the Baptist 1834-1836  - on the Church plans online site

St Padarn, Llanbadarn Fawr

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

Parish entry for Llanbadarn Fawr from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Parish entry for Bangor (Capel) from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Parish entry for Borth from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Parish entry for Elerch from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Parish entry for Llangorwen from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Parish entry for Penrhyncoch from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Parish entry for Ysbytty Cynfyn from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Held at the NLW ;

 

Harris, Silas M. A Llanbadarn Fawr calendar (NLW's site)   Ceredigion Vol 2

Jenkins, David. Salem, Coedgruffydd, a Siloa, Cwmerfyn.  (NLW's site)    Ceredigion XII

Kendall, R. J . Ysbyty Cynfyn : past and present. Aberystwyth : Welsh Gazette, 1952.

Lewis, Frank Robert. A Short History of the Church of Llanbadarn Fawr, Cardiganshire, etc. Cambrian News: Aberystwyth (1937) pp.19 80. [BM 20031.f.37.]

Lewis, Frank R. The rectors of Llanbadarn Fawr, Cardiganshire, from 1246-1360. Arch Camb, 1937

Rees, O.G.[Rev]. Papers and correspondence about the Restoration  of Llanbadarn Fawr Parish Church, 1862-1870.  Journal of the Historical Society of the Church in Wales, Vol X, No 15, 1960.

Samuel, David.             Cwm Cynfelin and Llangorwen Church.             Card. Antq. Soc, Trans., Vol I/4   Welsh Journals Online

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1678-1736, 1752, 1766-1953. Marriages 1695-1736, 1754-1987 [Banns 1849-52]. Burials 1678-1736, 1752, 1766-1981  NLW with copies of some dates at Cer.RO
Copy typescript PR [extracts] CMB 1678-1736 NLW.  Typescript PR CB 1830-79 with index NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1678, 1680-1, 1703, 1773, 1811-79, 1882, 1885-92 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg for;

I.G.I; Baptisms 1815-75. Marriages 1815-37

Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database

Capel Bangor Chapelry [Melindwr] [and a modern parish formed in 1839];
Baptisms 1839-1993. Marriages 1846-1968, 1974-90 and Goginan 1872-1952. Burials 1839-1993  NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1847-63, 1865-80, 1888 NLW

Ysbyty Cynfyn Chapelry[Llanbadarn y Creuddyn];
Baptisms 1789-1991. Marriages 1762-1970. Burials 1787-1863, 1865-1991   NLW/Cer.RO
Diocesan records suggest that c 1790 this chapel of ease to Llanbadarn Fawr had " a register which goes back 20 years".
Copy ts PR M 1762-1837 with index  NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1813, 1815, 1819-20, 1822-67, 1870-6, 1878-81 NLW
I.G.I; Baptisms 1813-74. Marriages 1813-37

Elerch [ modern parish formed out of Llanbadarn Fawr and Llanfihangel Genau'r-Glyn 1868]
Baptisms 1865-1993.  Marriages 1868-1970.  Burials 1868-1993   NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1869-79, 1882, 1885  NLW

Llangorwen [modern parish formed out of Llanbadarn Fawr in 1842]
Baptisms 1841-1991. Marriages 1843-1971 [Banns 1842-1990]. Burials 1842-1992 NLW/Cer.RO

Penrhyn-Coch [modern parish out of Llanbadarn fawr]
Baptisms 1883-1993.  Marriages 1881-1970 [Banns 1937-55].  Burials 1893-1993  NLW/Cer.RO

Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from  Cardiganshire Family History Society
Volume 1: Genau'r Glyn Hundred. Parishes covered: Aberystwyth St Michael, Eglwys Fach, Llanbadarn Fawr, Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn, Llangynfelyn, Ysbyty Cynfyn

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Llanbadarn Fawr parish  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

Description of the parish of Llanbadarn Fawr  from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

Descriptions of Llanbadarn Fawr Townships  from Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833

Pictures on the Goginan Community Web site

Garreg Fawr Burial Chamber, Llanbadarn fawr - on the Modern Antiquarian site

 

Anon.  Gogerddan.   Card. Antq. Soc. Trans, Vol I

Green, C. C. (Cedric Charles). Rheidol journey .(history of narrow gauge railways) Llanbadarn : Welsh Books Council, 2nd ed.1993

Hague, D B.   Brogynin, Trefeirig.    Ceredigion, Vol II

Directories

Pigot & Co. South Wales Directory for 1830. Here are some Extracts relating to 'Aberystwith with Llanbadarn Fawr and neighbourhoods'.

Pigot & Co. South Wales Directory for 1844. Here are some Extracts relating to 'Aberystwith with Llanbadarn Fawr and neighbourhoods'.

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1910   For Elerch parish

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895 For Llangorwen ecclesiastical parish

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895   For Llanbadarn fawr parish

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895   For Melindwr/Parcel Canol/Goginan townships

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895  For Yspytty Cynfyn ecclesiastical parish

Emigration and Immigration

Murtaugh, John. MORRIS of Llanbadarn Fawr. Dyfed FHS journal, Vol 6/334. Persistent letter writing established the connection between the Portland, Oregon, descendants and the family of James Morris of Frongoch Fach, near Devils' Bridge.

Genealogy

Cardiganshire Families

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

 

Jones, T Bernard. The Llwyngronw Family. Cardiganshire FHS journal, vol 3/7 Feb 2004. The background to the reunion in 2003 of the descendents of Llwyngronw farm near Penrhyncoch village.

Mattes, Glenda. The Killing Family in Wales; Parts 1 & II. [partly Llanbadarn Fawr]. Cardiganshire FHS journals Vol  2 no 2/3 June/Oct 1999.

Morgan, Gerald (ed). Nanteos; A Welsh House and its Families. Gomer, Llandysul. (1 85902 802 0). Gomer Catalogue 2002;- "The Powells of Nanteos were one of the three major gentry families in north Ceredigion during the eighteenth century, and the mansion house which was built in 1739, is one of the finest examples of Georgian architecture to be found in Wales. The nine essays collected in this fascinating study trace the rise and fall of the Powell family.............."

History

Llanbadarn Fawr War Memorial - on the Roll of Honour site

Nanteos - "........ and it's once vast estate has a wealth of history. This web site (by Jan Joel) attempts to bring to life the history of a time gone by."

 

Bowen, E.G. A History of Llanbadarn Fawr Gomer Press: 1979. Limited ed. published under auspices of the Ysgol Cwmpadarn Centenary Celebration Joint committee.
Here is an index  and contents listing by Peter G.Williams

Butler, L A S. The excavation of a long hut near Bwlch yr Hendre  (NLW's site)    Ceredigion  Vol IV

Conway, Gillian L. Towards a Cultural Context for the Eleventh-century Llanbadarn manuscripts. (NLW's site) Ceredigion, Vol  XIIII/1 1997.
"..............during the latter part of the eleventh century Llanbadarn Fawr was perhaps the principal seat of learning in Wales. It was a clas church, which means that there was probably a mixed community here, consisting of laymen, laywomen and clerics, who might be married........"

Davies, Jeffrey L & T G Driver.   The Discovery of a Roman coin hoard at Salem, Trefeirig      Ceredigion, 1999

Evans, Ceiriog Gwynne.  Once upon a Time in Goginan. "........ is a wonderful portrait of life in the village which lies in the hills above Aberystwyth. The author relates amusing and touching anecdotes about the unforgettable local characters, the chapels and pubs, the development of the local football league, the effects of the war, and the Boy's Own-style adventures which he experienced during an idyllic childhood. He also traces the history of the village since the time of the Celts and the Romans, examining developments in education, farming, religion and mining. .............. features historical photographs of this beautiful part of mid Wales and its people." (Y Lolfa)  2009 ?

Evans, J. Wyn.The survival of the 'clas' as an institution in medieval Wales : some observations on Llanbadarn Fawr in " The Early Church in Wales and the West, recent work in early Christian archaeology, history and place names", edited by Nancy Edwards and Alan Lane (1992), p. 33-40

Forde, C Daryll Prof.        Dysgwylfa Fawr Barrow, Cardiganshire             Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society    Vol 13  1938  Welsh Journals Online

Fox, Cyril                 The Penllwyn Urn: notes of a lecture by Cyril Fox              Trans. Cards. Antiq. Soc. V, 1927   Welsh Journals Online

Harris, Silas M.  A Llanbadarn Fawr Calendar. Ceredigion, Vol II

Joel, J.   Nanteos : A Brief History of Nanteos Mansion near Aberystwyth. 1996. Includes a brief history of the Powell family.

Jones, M H.            Some of the historical associations of Penllwyn.               Trans. Cards. Antiq. Soc. V, 1927   Welsh Journals Online

Lewis, Frank Robert.          The History of Llanbadarn Fawr, Cardiganshire       Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society    Vol 13  1938  Welsh Journals Online

Lewis, Frank R.   Lewis Morris and the parish of Llanbadarn Fawr, Cardiganshire in 1755. Arch Camb, 1938

Lewis, F R.        The History of Llanbadarn Fawr, Cardiganshire, in the Middle Ages.   Llandysul, 1938

Llanbadarn Fawr drwy'r canrifoedd [Llanbadarn Fawr through the centuries]. Aberystwyth : Cyngor Cymuned Llanbadarn Fawr, 1994

Lewis, W.J. The Manor of Llanbadarn Fawr  (NLW's site)  Ceredigion: Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society. Vol. V. No. 1 (1964)

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on pages 298/319; has a section on Ysbytty C'en'vn, a chapel of ease. Extensive section on Llanbadarn fawr church, the last 5 incumbents were 1730 John Edwards, 1763 Isaac Williams, 1770 David Price, 1780 Richard Lloyd, 1805 Richard Evans. Sections on Plas Crug, Glas Grug, Gogerthan(with pedigree of Pryse family), Rhywarthen, Cwmcyvni, Penglais, Vronvraith, Nateos, Maes y Bangor, and the town of Aberystwyth.

Murphy, Kenneth.     Plas Gogerddan, Dyfed: A Multi-Period Burial and Ritual site.   Archaeological Journal 149 (1992)

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at the NLW ;

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

 

Colyer, R.J. The Gogerddan Demesne Farm 1812-22 (NLW's site)    Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VII, No 2, 1973.

Colyer, R J. The Pryse Family of Gogerddan and the Decline of a Great Estate, 1800-1960. (NLW's site) Welsh History Review, Vol 9/4, Dec 1979

Colyer, R J.  Roderick Eardley Richardes and Plas Penglais, Aberystwyth  (NLW's site)   Ceredigion Vol X

Colyer, R J.  Nanteos: a Landed Estate in Decline 1800-1930 (NLW's site)   Ceredigion, vol IX/1, 1980.
"The origin of the rise to local eminence of the Powell family lay in the successful legal career of Sir Thomas Powell of Llechwedd-dyrus......................during the reign of James II...."

Cooper, K F.  Rhyd-Hir Uchaf: The History of a Ceredigion Farm (NLW's site) Ceredigion, vol IX/3, 1982. A 17 acre smallholding that used to be part of the Gogerddan estate.

Hauge, D B.  Brogynin, Trefeirig  (NLW's site)   Ceredigion Vol II

Lewis, W J. Manor of Llanbadarn Fawr. Ceredigion, v 1 : 47-53 (1964)

Williams, Peter. A Place of Mistaken Identity ? Cardiganshire FHS journal, vol 3/7 Feb 2004. A discussion on whether the Henblas connected to Richard Lloyd was the one in Llanbadarn fawr or Ystradmeurig.

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Occupations

Cwmbrwyino Mine . "This mine is situated just off the A44 Aberystwyth road, about 3 miles West of Ponterwyd.."

The People's Collection Wales site has material for this parish, use the onsite search box

 

Boyns, T. The Mines of Llywernog. National Library of Wales journal. 1976, Winter. Volume XIX/4

Hughes Simon S. J. The Darren Mines. N.M.R.S. British Mining No. 40

Hughes Simon S. J. The Goginan Mines. N.M.R.S. British Mining No. 35

Lewis, WJ. The Cwmsymlog lead mine (NLW's site) Ceredigion, Vol II

Lewis, W J. A field day at Cwmsymlog (NLW's site) Ceredigion, ii 1 : 54-5 (1952)

Prichard R.J. The Rheidol United Mines. N.M.R.S. British Mining No. 27

Tucker, Mary.  The system of water courses to lead mines from the river Leri    (NLW's site)   Ceredigion Vol VIII

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Public Records

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Schools

Walker, R.F. Comins Coch primary School, 1919-1979. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol X ,No 3, 1986.    Also Part 2

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

Penglais School History Society - including the book 'The Churchyard at Llanbadarn Fawr' by A. W Gilbey

Penglais School site

 

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[Gareth Hicks:  15 April 2014]

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