Report problems or contribute information

 
1 Introduction 2 Message details 3 Upload file 4 Submitted

Help and advice for A History of Llanbadarn Fawr

If you have found a problem on this page then please report it on the following form. We will then do our best to fix it. If you are wanting advice then the best place to ask is on the area's specific email lists. All the information that we have is in the web pages, so please do not ask us to supply something that is not there. We are not able to offer a research service.

If you wish to report a problem, or contribute information, then do use the following form to tell us about it.

We are in the process of upgrading the site to implement a content management system.

A History of Llanbadarn Fawr

By E.G. Bowen

A limited edition published under auspices of the Ysgol Cwmpadarn Centenary Celebration Joint committee. 
Gomer Press: 1979

Here is a contents listing and index compiled by Peter G Williams, October 2005

Click  here for the position with lookups

CONTENTS

A History of Llanbadarn Fawr by E G Bowen M A, D Litt, LL D, D Univ, F S A
Sometime Gregynog Professor of Geography and Anthropology in the University of Wales
Foreword by Rt Rev John Richards Richards, M A, D D, LL D (Formerly Lord Bishop of St David's) 1979
First Published - December 1979  ©E G Bowen  ISBN 0 85088 502 7  Printed at Gomer Press, Llandyssul, Dyfed 

  • INTRODUCTION    vii
  • FOREWORD        xiii
  • LIST OF MAPS AND DIAGRAMS       xviii
  • LIST OF PLATES  xix
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS        xxi
  • SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY   xxii
  • LIST OF APPENDICES      xxiii
  • LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS     xxiv
  • CHAPTER I - The Early Inhabitants       1
  • CHAPTER II - A Celtic Christian Monastery       15
  • CHAPTER III - Who was St. Padarn?       26
  • CHAPTER IV - Bishop Sulien and his Family       35
  • CHAPTER V - Llanbadarn receives a Royal Charter  41
  • CHAPTER VI - The Church in the Middle Ages      48
  • CHAPTER VII - The Visit of Gerallt Gymro        59
  • CHAPTER VIII - Religious Life in Post-Reformation Times - The Church    66
  • CHAPTER IX - Religious Life in Post-Reformation Times - Puritan & Non-conformist 79
  • CHAPTER X - The Great Houses    90
  • CHAPTER XI - Schools and Colleges       107
  • CHAPTER XII - Occupations-Old and New   122
  • CHAPTER XIII - Population and Administration    137
  • CHAPTER XIV - Road versus Rail  154
  • CHAPTER XV - Village Life       167
  • APPENDIX A-N    189-229
  • INDEX   231

LIST OF MAPS AND DIAGRAMS

  • Fig.    1       Implements and Burial Urns of the Bronze Age
  • Fig.    2       Iron Age Hill Forts - Early phases
  • Fig.    3       Pen Dinas and Proto-Llanbadarn
  • Fig.    4       Distribution of B. 1 imported Eastern Mediterranean ware
  • Fig.    5       Llanbadarn Fawr - probable site of early Christian Monastery
  • Fig.    6       The Cult of St. Padarn in Mid-Wales
  • Fig.    7       The Letavian Saints in Wales
  • Fig.    8       Parish of Llanbadarn Fawr in the Middle Ages
  • Fig.    9       Landowners in Llanbadarn Fawr Parish 1846
  • Fig.    10      Land use in Llanbadarn Fawr Parish 1846
  • Fig.    11      (a) Population numbers in Llanbadarn Fawr in the Nineteenth Century
                        (b) Inhabited Houses in Llanbadarn Fawr in the Nineteenth Century
  • Fig.    12      Population Pyramids for 1851 and 1871 showing age and marital status
  • Fig.    13      Settlement pattern in Llanbadarn Fawr 1846 showing road focus
  • Fig.    14      Flow diagram of Buses and Trains through Llanbadarn Fawr - Summer Season 1975

LIST OF PLATES

  • Frontispiece:   Llanbadarn in the time of St. Padarn.
                            Llanbadarn Fawr in 1979.
  • Front end paper - Map of Llanbadarn Fawr  (William Couling, 1810, Nanteos Collection.)
  • Back end paper - Map of Llanbadarn Fawr, 1797, Gogerddan Collection.
  •  
  • Plate I          Pen Dinas Hill Fort
  • Plate II         Imported Mediterranean Pottery from Tintagel.
  • Plate III        Pre-Norman Crosses in Churchyard before removal to inside of Church in 1916.
  • Plate IV        Removal of High Cross to inside of Church 1916.
  • Plate V         The four faces of the High Cross.
  • Plate VI        The smaller Cross.
  • Plate VII       The Monastery of St. Mochoai, Nendrum, Northern Ireland.
  • Plate VIII      St. Padarn - an artist's impression.
  • Plate IX        Page from St. Augustine's De Trinitate, copied at Llanbadarn by Ieuan ap Sulien.
  • Plate X         Page of Rhygyfarch's Psalter 1079.
  • Plate XI        King Edward I Charter, 28th December 1277 naming Llanbadar.
  • Plate XII       Reconstruction of King Edward I Castle - 1277-1289.
  • Plate XIII      Brogynin - Home of Dafydd ap Gwilym.
  • Plate XIV      Statue of Giraldus Cambrensis in St. David's Cathedral.
  • Plate XV       Llanbadarn Fawr in the Eighteenth Century.  
  • Plate XVI      Llanbadarn Fawr Church in the Nineteenth Century.
  • Plate XVII     Page from the Marriage Register of Parish Church 1826.
  • Plate XVIII    Llanbadarn Fawr Church interior before modern restoration.
  • Plate XIX      Llanbadarn Fawr Church interior showing East  Window 1979.
  • Plate XX       Earliest Non-Conformist Chapels (Independent) at Zoar. Founded 1802.
  • Plate XXI      Page From Zoar Baptismal Register 1815-1821.
  • Plate XXII     Saron Calvanistic Methodist Chapel. Founded 1842.
  • Plate XXIII    Page from Baptismal Register of Saron C.M.Chapel 1832-1843.
  • Plate XXIV    Nanteos 1854.
  • Plate XXV     Gogerddan 1822.
  • Plate XXVI    Page from the Minutes of the Llanbadarn Fawr Court Leet 1848.
  • Plate XXVII   Re-enactment of a meeting of the Lianbadarn Fawr Court Leet 1st December 1939.
  • Plate XXVIII  Original site of Pen-y-fron School.
  • Plate XXIX    Page from the Admissions Register, Penyfron Board School 1883-1884.
  • Plate XXX     Cwmpadarn School 1897-1974.
  • Plate XXXI    Cwmpadarn School, 1974-.
  • Plate XXXII   Aerial photograph of Llanbadarn Fawr and College Campus.
  • Plate XXXIII  Esgair Hir Lead and Silver Mine.
  • Plate XXXIV   Llanbadarn Fawr Industrial Estate 1979.
  • Plate XXXV    Map showing boundary between Issa'n Dre and Ucha'n Dre 1832.
  • Plate XXXVI   Llanbadarn Fawr on John Ogilby's Road Map 1675.
  • Plate XXXVII  "Ogilby Improved" - Ed. Emanuel Bowen 1724. Section showing Llanbadarn Fawr.
  • Plate XXXVIII  Ty'r Abad and the Black Lion Inn. 1879.
  • Plate XXXIX    Village Square, Llanbadarn Fawr. c. 1900.
  • Plate XL           Llain-y-gawsai, c. 1900.
  • Plate XLI         "Pegi Llwyd"-A Llanbadarn resident in "Welsh costume". c. 1860.
  • Plate XLII        Mourners at Llanbadarn Church, 1808.
  • Plate XLIII       An annual service at Lianbadarn Fawr War Memorial.
  • Plate XLIV       The Royal Welsh Agricultural Show - Blaendolau Flats. 1957.

LIST OF APPENDICES

  • A Removal and Re-erection of Stone Crosses, Llanbadarn Fawr.
  • B Incumbents of Llanbadarn Fawr.
  • C Translation of the Charter granted by King Edward I to the new Vill of 'Lanbadar'on the 28th December 1277.
  • D Ministers of Zoar Independent Chapel.
  • E Ministers of Saron Calvinistic Methodist Chapel.
  • F Headmasters and Headmistresses of Pen-y-Fron and Cwmpadarn Schools 1873-1979.
  • G Inhabitants of Llanbadarn Fawr recorded in the 1851 Census Enumerators Books.
  • H Survey of Tombstones in Llanbadarn Fawr Churchyard giving occupations.
  • I Ucha'n Dre Parish Council - List of Chairmen 1896-1933.
  • J Issa'n Dre Parish Council - List of Chairmen 1894-1933.
  • K Llanbadarn Fawr Parish Council - List of Chairmen 1934-1973.
  • L Llanbadarn Fawr Community Council - List of Chairmen 1974-to date.
  • M Aberystwyth District Council - Parish representatives:
    (a) Issa'n Dre 1897-1934.
    (b) Ucha'n Dre 1897-1934.
    (c) Llanbadarn Fawr 1934-1974.
    Ceredigion District Council
    Llanbadarn Fawr 1974 - to date.
  • N Cardiganshire County Council 1889-1974
    Dyfed County Council 1974 to date.
    Representatives of the Parish of Llanbadarn Fawr.

Index

ab Evan, Edward, 144

ab Humphrey, David, 144

Aberystwyth Castle, 42, 43, 44

Aberystwyth Rural District Council, representatives, Appendix M

Aberystwyth, ore shipments, 94

Act of Union, 137

Age of the Saints, 2, 5

Agriculture, 122, 126, 127

Amphorae, 16, 17

ap Arthen, Henry, 40

ap Cynan, 36

ap Edward, John, 141

ap Gronow, Prince Edwin, of Tegeingl, 92

ap Gruffydd, Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, 41

ap Gwilym, Dafydd, 43, 56, 57, 187

ap Gwrwared, Gwilym, 43

ap Hywel, Dafydd ap Philip, 92

ap Llewellyn, Gruffydd, 22, 24, 41

ap Philip ap Hywel, Dafydd, 92

ap Rhydderch, 98, 99

ap Rhygyfarch, Sulien, 39, 40

ap Richard, Rees, 144

ap Robert, Phillipp, 138

ap Sulien, Daniel, 35, 39, 40

ap Sulien, Ieuan, 26, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 77

ap Sulien, Ieuan, 35, 37, 38, 39, 77;

ap Sulien, Rhygyfarch, 26, 35, 37, 38, 39, 63, 64, 77

ap Tewdwr, 36

Ardwyn Grammar School, 76, 114

Attwood Family, 133

Ballinger, Henry John, 184

Baptists, 86

Bardsey Island see Ynys Enlli

Beaker People, 5

Bek, Anthony, 43, 50, 51

Bell, H, Sir Idris, 57

Benjamin, George, 184

Bishop's Transcripts, 79

Bishops, church, 12

Black Death, 51

Black Lion Inn, 122, 131, 148, 161, 163, 170, 178, 180

Black Prince, 51

Blaendolau Flats, 158, 162, 185

Bonsall, Isaac, Rev, 123

Borth, 2, 101

Brad y Llyfrau Gleision, 109

Bradwardine, Thomas, 50, 51

Brewing, 130, 179

Brittany, 6

Brockhouse (Aberystwyth) Engineering Co, 135

Bronze Age, 4, 5, 6, 8

Brut y Tywysogion, 22, 25, 35, 39, 40, 44

Brynamlwg, 121, 124, 158

Building Trades, 130

Burial chambers, 3, 4, 5

Burial urns, 6

Burials, customs, 174, 175

Bus services, 163, 164

Caerleon, 11

Caernarfon, 11, 14

Caine, Evan Idwal, 184

Calvinistic Methodism, 83, 84, 85

Cambrian Railways Company, 162

Cantref y Gwaelod, 2

Capel Bangor, 85

Capel Dewi, 158, 160

Capel Hir, 72

Capel Saron, 83, 84, 85, 88-9, 132, 158, 186

Capel Saron, ministers, Appendix E

Capel Seion, 180

Capel Zoar, 79, 80, 81, 88, 132, 148, 158

Capel Zoar, ministers, Appendix D

Cardiganshire Agricultural Society, 95

Cardiganshire County Council, 152

Cardiganshire County Council, representatives, Appendix N

Carmarthen, 11

Carreg Samson, 5

Cattle drovers, 100, 160, 163

Cefn Coch, 6

Cefn-llan, 124, 131, 148

Celts, 8

Census, 1851, Appendix G

Ceredigion District Council, representatives, Appendix M

Chancery School, 115

Charles, A, Miss, 112

Charles, Thomas, Rev, 85

Chelsea College of Physical Education, 114

Chester, 11

Christianity, early, 5, 12, 14

Christianity, introduction of, 12

Christmas, customs, 175

Civil War, 68, 78

Clements, Thomas George, 184

Climatic conditions, 1, 6, 8

Club House, 148, 180

Commins Coch, 81

Company of Mine Adventurers, 129

Conundrums, 177, 178

Copper  mining, 5

Corbett, William, 94

Cornwall, 6

Cors Fochno (Borth Bog), 6

Couling, William, 4

Court Leet, see Llanbadarn Fawr, Court Leet

Cradock, Walter, 78

Crafts, 130, 134

Crick y Wheel, 182, 183

Crosses, stone, in Llanbadarn Church, 20, 21

Crosville Motor Company, 163, 164

Crown Lands, 93

Culliford, Frank, 97

Cwmpadarn School, 107, 111, 112, 186

Cwmpadarn School, heads, Appendix F

Cwmsymlog, mine, 94

Cwpan Nanteos, 98

Cwrt Lit, see Llanbadarn Fawr Court Leet

Dalton, David Michael, 185

Daniel, Anne, 80

Darren mine, 94

David, ffrancis, 143

David, Richard, 144

David, Thomas, 144

Davies, Alexander Rees, 184

Davies, David Edward, 184

Davies, David, of Llandinam, 162

Davies, Dd., (bell ringer), 71

Davies, Elizabeth, 132

Davies, Evan Douglas, 184

Davies, Evan Lewis, Rev, 132

Davies, Henry, 184

Davies, Hughie Morris, 185

Davies, Jack, 181

Davies, John (Saron), 88

Davies, John, 132

Davies, John, Rev 132

Davies, Jonathan, 184

Davies, Mathew William, 123, 124

Davies, Morgan, 97

Davies, Richard, 78

Davies, Robert Humphrey, 184

Davies, Robert, 84

Davies, Simon, 80

Davies, Thomas, 143

Davies, Thomas, 184

Davies, William Henry, 133

Davies-Jenkins, J N, 97, 98

Davis, Dorithy, 143

Davis, Percy E, 114

Ddoldau Common, 96, 97

de Winton, Wilfred, 75, 76

Death, customs, 174, 175

Demesne lands, 123, 176

Devil's Bridge, 164, 166

Disgwylfa Fawr, 8

Dissolution of the Monasteries, 67, 68

Dolgerdinen, 166

Dol-y-Berllan, 166

Domestic Service, 123, 133

Drovers, see Cattle drovers

Ducks Lane, 133, 148

Dumarge, Henry, 151

Dyfed County Council, 152

Dyfed County Council, representatives, Appendix N

Dyffryn Paith, 180

Edmund of Lancaster, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47

Education, 85, 95, 107, 109, 110, 121

Edward I, King, 41, 44, 52

Edward III, King, 52

Edward, Moris, 144

Edward, Thomas Jenkin, 143

Edwards, Evan David, 184

Edwards, Ifan ap Owen, Sir, 119, 120

Edwards, Iorwerth, Rev, 115

Edwards, John, 108

Edwards, Lewis (weaver), 80

Edwards, Lewis, Dr, 85

Edwards, Llewel!yn, Rev Canon, 77

Edwards, Llewelyn, Capt, 97

Edwards, Richard, 152

Edwards, Thomas Charles, Rev, 85

Edwards, William, 71

Eglwys Saron, see Capel Saron

Eldridge, Ronald, 77, 152

Eldridge, W R, 152

Elizabeth I, Queen, 46

Elys, Llio, 172

Erw Goch, 124, 126, 148, 158

Esgair-hir, 128, 129

Estavayer, William of, 50

Evacuees, World War II, 114

Evan, Edward, 144

Evan, Harry, 143

Evan, Lettis, 143

Evan, Richard, 144

Evans Family of Lovesgrove, 104, 105, 106

Evans of Penrhyncoch, Messrs, 164

Evans, David, 97

Evans, Edward Hugh, 184

Evans, George Eyre, Rev, 74, 75

Evans, H J, 115

Evans, Jack, 181

Evans, Jacob, 112

Evans, Jane, 132

Evans, Jeremiah, 80

Evans, John Pugh, 104

Evans, L T Prosser, 119

Evans, Lewis Pugh, Brig Genl, 105, 183

Evans, Morgan, Rev, 88

Evans, Richard, 97

Evans, Richard, Rev, 69, 97, 108

Evans, William (County Court Bailiff), 133

Evans, William, 79

Farming, see Agriculture

Felix sisters (Nansi'r Delyn), 183

Festival of Wales 1958, 185, 186

fitz Richard, Gilbert, 24

Fletcher, George, 184

Flint, tools, 2

Football, 181, 182

Footpaths, 152

Foundries, 131

Freichfras, Caradog, 28

Friendly Societies, 180

Gapper, R L, 115

Garreg Fawr, 4, 5, 78, 79, 80, 167, 168, 169, 171, 183

Genau'r Glyn, Hundred, 138

Gentry families, 90

Geoffrey of Monmouth, 63, 64

George, Percy, 97, 115

Gerallt Gymro, see Giraldus Cambrensis

Gibbs, Thomas, 144

Giraldus Cambrensis, 25, 33, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64

Glandyfi, 6

Glanrheidol, 124

Glebe lands, 124

Glover, David Lloyd, 143, 145

Glyn Dwr, Owain, 45, 46

Gogerddan Arms Inn, 131, 146, 148, 170, 178, 180

Gogerddan Estate, 86, 93, 98, 123, 126, 133, 176

Gogerddan Hounds, 101, 102

Gogerddan, see, Pryse Family of

Gold mining, 5

Government, local, 137, 138, 151, 152, 153

Grandison, John of, 50

Gravel (Trailers) Ltd, 135

Graves, Bronze Age, 6

Gravestones, see, Tombstones

Griffiths, Jane, 133

Griffiths, Margaret, 80

Griffiths, Richard (Dic y Te), 132, 182

Griffiths, W I, 115

Gwahoddwr, 172

Gwar-y-Felin Farm, 162

Gwynedd, Maelgwyn, 27, 28, 30, 31

Haroldson, Godfrey, King, 22

Harry, William (bellringer), 71

Harry, William, 71, 74

Harvest, customs, 175

Hearth Tax, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145

Henblas, 133, 148

Henry I, King, 24, 61

Henry II, King, 25

Henry III, King, 41, 48

Henry V, King, 46

Heol y Fron, 150

Herbert, Evan, 124

Highways, see Roads

Hill-forts, see also Pen Dinas, 8, 10, 11

Holt, Joseph, 133

Holyrood Preparatory School, Bognor Regis, 119

Howells, Richard, 97

Hughes, Ann (sexton), 132

Hughes, Anne (butcher), 80

Hughes, Dafydd (Baptist preacher), 86

Hughes, Dafydd and Jane, 80

Hughes, James, 123, 124

Hughes, John Evan, 97

Hughes, John, Lluest Gwilym, 123, 124, 132

Hughes, John, Rev, 88, 118, 132

Hughes, Lewis, 124, 126

Hughes, Richard, 124, 126

Humphreys, Anne, 80

Humphreys, D (bellringer), 71

Ice Age, 1

Idnert(h), 40, 65

Ifans, Dafydd, 172, 187

Implements, Bronze Age, 6

Independent chapels, see Capel Zoar

Industry, 130, 131, 135

Iron Age, 8, 9, 15

Isaac, Norah, Miss, 119

Issa'n Dre Parish Council, chairmen, Appendix J

Issa'n-dre, 109, 123, 137, 140, 145, 146, 151, 152, 167, 184

James, James, 184

James, Margaret, 124

James, Oswald, 181

James, Roger, 144

James, William Robert, 185

Jenkin, Edward, 143

Jenkin, Kathring, 143

Jenkins, D E, Rev, 85

Jenkins, David William, 184

Jenkins, David, 80

Jenkins, John, 80

Jenkins, Lewis, 143

Jenkins, Rees, 144

Jenkins, Richard, 131

Jenkins, Sali, Miss 115

Jenkins, Theophilus, 130, 179

Jenkyn, Arthur Llewellyn, 184

Jeremiah, Jane, 80

Joe-y-Post, 179, 180

John, John Richard, 143

John, King, 44

Johnes, Thomas, Sir, 141

Jonathan, David, 160, 161, 163

Jones Brothers, Messrs, 164

Jones, Abraham L, 97

Jones, Catherine, 80

Jones, Daniel Evans, 184

Jones, David, 79

Jones, Deborah, 80

Jones, Ebenezer, Rev, 152

Jones, Eddie E, 97

Jones, Edward, Rev, 84

Jones, Evan Richard (Waun), 184

Jones, Evan Richard, 184

Jones, Henry Morgan, 184

Jones, Isaac (bellringer), 71

Jones, Isaac, 71, 130

Jones, J 0, 110

Jones, James, 143, 145

Jones, John Emlyn, 184

Jones, John, 112

Jones, John, Rev, (Eleri), 85

Jones, John, Rev, (Saron), 132

Jones, John, Rev, 132

Jones, Josiah, 80

Jones, Lewis, 130

Jones, Margaret, Mrs, 143

Jones, Mathew, 143

Jones, Richard (bellringer), 71

Jones, Richard, 144

Jones, T Llewellyn, 187

Jones, Thomas (tanner), 132

Jones, Thomas Morris, 184

Jones, Thomas, Rev, 80

Jones, W P Elwy, 111, 112, 113

Jones, W R, 181

Jones, William (Capel Saron), 84

Jones, William (weaver), 80

Jones, William Basil, Bishop, 75, 76

Jones, William Thomas, 184

Jones, William Tilsley, 76

Jones, William, 150

Killin, Evan, 122, 131, 161

Kilsby, William, 50

King's Head Inn, 178

Kuhn, Evan, 122, 131, 161

Land, use in 1846, 123, 124, 126

Lead mining, 127, 131

Lein Fach, see Vale of Rheidol Railway

Letavia (Brittany), 27, 30

Lewis, Edward, 132

Lewis, Griffith, 143

Lewis, Hugh, 123

Lewis, Jane, 143, 144

Lewis, John, 143

Lewis, John, Commissioner, 78

Lewis, Richard, 97

Library, 117-8

Lime burning, 124

Lisburne, Earl of, 123

Livestock, farming, 56

Llain y Gawsau, see Llangawsai

Llanbadarn Fach (Tref Eglwys) 21

Llanbadarn Fawr (Powys) 21

Llanbadarn Fawr Charity School, see, Penyfron School

Llanbadarn Fawr Community Association, 116

Llanbadarn Fawr Community Council, 77, 152, -3

Llanbadarn Fawr Community Council, chairmen, Appendix L

Llanbadarn Fawr Court Leet, 4, 96, 97

Llanbadarn Fawr Educational Foundation, 112

Llanbadarn Fawr Parish Council, 152

Llanbadarn Fawr Parish Council, chairmen, Appendix K

Llanbadarn Fawr, Church, 20, 21, 48, 54, 66, 69, 70, 73, 88, 117, 139, 167

Llanbadarn Fawr, Church, bellringers, 71  

Llanbadarn Fawr, Churchyard, 134

Llanbadarn Fawr, monastery, 20, 21, 24, 25

Llanbadarn Fawr, Parish Registers, 70

Llanbadarn Fawr, parish, 52, 53, 67, 137, 145, 146, 151

Llanbadarn Fawr, Parish, incumbents, Appendix B

Llanbadarn Fawr, School Board, 109, 110, 111

Llanbadarn Fawr, Vestry Book, 70, 72, 73

Llanbadarn Fawr, War Memorial, 114, 183, 184, 185

Llanbadarn Fynydd, 21

Llanbadarn Gaerog, 45

Llanbadarn Industrial Estate, 135, 136

Llanbadarn Odwyn, 21

Llanbadarn Village Sports Fund, 115

Llanbadarn-y-Garreg (Powys), 21

Llandâf, Book of, 26, 27

Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn, 21

Llanfihangel y Creuddyn, 21

Llanfihangel Ystrad, 5

Llangawsai, 84, 124, 133, 157, 158, 160, 171

Llangynfelin, 101

Llanilar, 21

Llechwedd-dyrus, 92

Llewelyn Ddu o Fôn, see, Morris, Lewis

Lloyd, David, 138

Lloyd, Elizabeth, 144

Lloyd, Evan, 169

Lloyd, Harry, 132

Lloyd, Henry James, 132

Lloyd, Hugh, 184

Lloyd, Rees, 143

Lloyd, Richard, 133

Lloyd, William Robert, 184

Lloyd, William, 133

Lluest Gwilym, 124, 126, 132, 148, 158

Lluest Mansion, 119, 120

Llwyd, Humphrey, 46, 47

Llwyd, Humphrey, 46, 47

Local government, 137, 138, 151, 153

Lord of the Manor, 4, 166

Loveden Family, see, Pryse family of Gogerddan

Lovesgrove, 103, 133, see also, Evans family of Lovesgrove

Lower Vaynor, see Vaynor, Lower

Mackworth, Humphrey, Sir, 129, 130

Maelgwyn Gwynedd, 27, 28, 31

Maesmawr Hall, 85

Magnet Joinery Ltd, 135

map Arthet, Eithir, 31

Mapping, 156, 157, 158, 175

Marine Occupations, 131, 134

Markets and fairs, 167, 168

Marriage, 150, 171, 172, 173

Masterson, Mary, 151

Mathews, John, 84

May Day, customs, 170

Medicine, 173, 174

Megalithic Age, 4, 5

Melin y Person, 141

Memorial inscriptions, 134

Methodist chapels, see Capel Saron

Mezolithic Age, 2, 3, 4

Middle Ages, 138, 140, 146, 151

Middle Ages, 48, 49, 50, 53

Midway, 130

Miller, Joseph, 97

Miller, William Arthur, Junior, 97

Miller, William Arthur, Senior, 153

Mine barracks, 127

Mines and Mining, 69, 87, 90, 92, 93, 94, 99, 122, 127, 128, 130, 131, 134

Monasteries, Celtic, 15, 18

Monasteries, Dissolution, 67

Mone, Guy, 52-3

Morgan Bach y Beddau, 174

Morgan, Evan Arthur, 184

Morgan, John T, Dr, 152

Morgan, Morgan, 130

Morgan, Mrs, Nantceiro Hall, 113

Morgan, Richard, Rev, 107

Morgan, Thomas Jenkin, 144

Morgan, William, Bishop, 58

Morgans, John, 108

Morganwg, Iolo, 22

Moris, David Lloy, 143

Moris, David, 143, 144

Moris, Hugh, 143, 145

Moris, Jane, 144

Moris, William, 143, 145

Morris, Hugh, 180, 181

Morris, John, 80

Morris, Lewis, 94, 172

Mredith, David William, 144

Nansi'r Delyn, 183

Nantceiro Hall, 113, 150, 152

Nanteos, 90, 92, 93, 98, 103, 133, 176, 180

Nanteos, collection (NLW), 4

National Eisteddfod, Urdd, 115

National Library of Wales, 158

Neolithic Age, 3

New Stone Age, 2

New Year, customs, 176, 177

Nonconformity, 78-87, 171

Norman Conquest, 24, 38, 137

Noson Lawen 173

Occupations, 80, 122-36, 140, Appendix H

Oen, Eden, 61

Ogilby, John, 156, 157, 158

Old Black Lion Inn, 178

Old Stone Age, 1, 2

Open University, 107, 119

Owain, Einion, 172

Owen, David, 124

Owen, David, 184

Owen, Owen, 173

Owen, W H K, 184

Owen, William Edward G P W, 184

Padarn Fawr Benefit Society, 180

Padarn United Football Team, 181, 182

Padarn Variety Group, 186

Padarn, Saint, see Saint Padarn

Parcel Canol, 103

Parish Church, stone crosses, 20

Parish Registers, 70

Parish Vestry Books, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 107, 108, 168, 169

Parish, ecclesiastical, 137;

Parish, local government, 151, 152, 153, 155

Parry, Griffith, Rev, 82

Parry, T, Rev, 110

Paternus the Great, see, Saint Padarn

Paupers, 133, 134

Pen Dinas, 10, 11, 14, 15

Penbryn, 124

Penbrynrodyn, 124, 133, 158

Pencarreg, 21

Pendre Factory, 130, 162

Pendre House, 124

Pendre, 131, 158

Penglais Comprehensive School, 107, 120

Penllwyn, 11, 12, 158

Penparcau, 158, 180

Penrhyncoch, 86, 101, 158

Penweddig (Cantref) 25, 48

Pen-y-bont, 158

Pen-y-fron School, 108, 110, -11

Pen-y-fron School, heads, Appendix F

Penygraig School, 107, 116

Phillips, Joseph, Dr, 150, 173

Phillips, Mary, 150

Phillips, Richard, 141

Phillips, Thomas, Rev, 79, 80

Plas Crug, 124

Plas Gogerddan, 86, 102, 103

Plough Inn, 178

Plygain, Y, 73

Police service, 151

Ponterwyd, 8, 158

Pontrhydygroes, 6

Poole, William, 86

Poor Laws, 151

Population, 69, 89, 122, 123, 130, 134, 145, 146, 148, 150, 151, 185

Postal service, 156, 179, 180

Pottery, manufacture, 3

Powell Family of Nanteos, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 103, 108, 139

Powell, Alison J, Miss, 134

Powell, Edward Athelstan Lewis, 96

Powell, George Ernest John, 95

Powell, Margaret Louisa Joan, Lady of the Manor of Llanbadarn, 96

Powell, Miss, (Frondeg), 113

Powell, S, Miss, 111

Powell, Thomas, 71

Powell, Thomas, HS, 95

Powell, Thomas, Sir, 92

Powell, Vavasor, 78, 79, 83, 86

Powell, William Edward George Pryse Wynne, Lieut, 96

Powell, William Edward, of Nanteos, 95, 103, 123, 129

Powell, William, Rev, 93

Price, Richard, 139

Primrose Hill, 107, 116

Primrose Motor Company, 164

Priodas Fach, 172, 173

Prise, Aurthir, 144

Prise, Evan, 143

Pritchard, Griffith, 144

Pritchard, Moris, 144

Pryse Family of Gogerddan, 80, 93, 94, 96, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 105;

Pryse, Carberry, Sir, 129

Pryse, Edward John Webley Parry, Sir, 185

Pryse, John Pugh, MP, 94, 99

Pryse, John, 138;

Pryse, Lewis, 99, 100, 117

Pryse, Pryse, Sir, 100, 101, 102, 110, 123, 127

Pryse, Thomas, 94

Psalter, 36, 77;

Public Houses, see, Taverns

Public lighting, 152

Pugh, David John, 184

Pugh, John, Rev, 71, 75, 110, 132

Pugh, Lewis Pugh, 104, 124, 126

Pugh, Louisa Jane, 132

Punishments, 169

Puritanism, 68, 78, 79

Pwll Crwn, 139

Pwllcenawon Farm, 85

Pwllhobi, 124, 130, 132, 134, 158

Quakers, 78

Quarter Sessions, 141

Quebec Villa, 77, 133, 148

Railways, 131, 161,162, 163

Read, Richard George, 185

Recreations, 177, 178

Rectors, Medieval, 50, see also Appendix B

Rees, B R, Dr, 77

Rees, Benjamin, Rev, 81, 82, 88, 132

Rees, Catherine, 80

Rees, David, 97

Rees, Edward, 143

Rees, Hary, 144

Rees, Thomas, 143, 145

Rees, Winifred, 131, 132

Reformation, 66, 67, 68

Rent Roll, see also Taxation, 138, 140, 141, 145

Rheidol Cottage, 166

Rheidol, River, 2, 42, 47, 140, 154, 157, 160, 162, 166

Rhiw Shôn Saer, 183

Rhygyfarch's Psalter, 36, 77

Rhys Ddu, 46

Rhys, The Lord, 25, 60, 62

Richard, Brigeit, 144

Richard, David, 143

Richard, Ellen, 144

Richard, Hugh, 143

Richardes, Roderick, 123

Richards, Charles, 94

Richards, David, 131, 132

Richards, Edward, 80

Richards, Hugh, 108

Richards, John R, Bishop, 76, 115

Richards, John, (Fac'k), 80

Richards, John, 184

Richards, Roderick Alexander, 184

Richards, Roderick, 112

Richards, William, 131, 132

Roads, 151, 154, 155, 156, 158

Roberts, Evan, Rev, 68, 78

Roberts, William, 131

Roger, David, 143

Roger, Watkin, 144

Rogers, John, 131, 179

Roman occupation, 11, 12, 14, 15, 154, 155

Roose, L R, 181, 182

Rose Mount, see, Maesmawr Hall

Rose Villa, 148

Rowe, Edward, 97

Rowland, Daniel, 83, 84

Royal Charter, 41, 43

Royal Oak Inn, 178, 179

Royal Welsh Agricultural Society, 185

Ruddz, David Lloyd, 143

S P C K, 117

Saint Michael's Chapel, Aberystwyth, 69-70

Saint Padarn, 1, 14, 19, 35, 37, 63, 64, 66, 167, 181

Saint Padarn's School, 132

Saints, Age of, see Age of the Saints

Samson's Stone see Carreg Samson

Samuel, Edward, 84

Samuel, Thomas, 124

Saron, see, Capel Saron

Sarum Missal, 66, 67

Savin, Thomas, 162

School Board, see Llanbadarn Fawr School Board

Schools, 85, 107-116, 119, 120, 121

Seafaring, 69, 131, 134

Sea-level change, 2

Sexton, duties of, 73, 74, 169

Shadrach, Azariah, Rev, 80, 81

Shipping, 131

Shops, see, Traders and Dealers

Silver mining, 128

Simon, Evan, 132, 153

Simon, Margaret, 86

Simon, Thomas, 132

Six Bells Inn, 178

Smithy, 170, 180

Soar, see Capel Zoar

Social Life, 171-187

Society of Mines Royal, 128, 129

Spain, 6

Sport, see also Football, 107, 121, 181, 182

St Cadfan, 27,

St David, 26, 28, 30, 37

St David's, Diocese of , 40, 48, 64, 67, 75, 76

St Deiniol, 14

St Michael's Chapel, Aberystwyth, 69, 70, 134

St Padarn, 14, 21, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 75

St Teilo, 26, 28, 30

Stapleton, George, Sir, 119

Stephens, David Morgan, 184

Stephens, William David, 184

Stimson, Major, 112

Stocks (punishment), 169

Stone circles, 4

Stone tools, 3

Strata Florida, 25, 40, 98, 127

Stretton, Robert, 50, 51

Subsidy Roll, 138

Sulien, The Wise, Bishop, 22, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 187

Sunday Schools, 79, 109

Sunken Hundred (Cantref y Gwaelod), 2

Superstitions, 182, 183

Sutherland, Hugh, 151

Tairsimnai, 148

Talbert, Horace James, 184

Talybont, 11,12

Tan-y-fynwent, 179

Tan-y-Gaer, 79

Taunton, Robert of, 50

Taverns, see also Black Lion, Gogerddan Arms, 130, 131, 178, 179

Taxation, see also Hearth Tax; Subsidy Roll; Rent Roll; 138, 141

Thirlwall, Connop, Bishop, 74, 75

Thomas H D, 115

Thomas, Griffith, 141

Thomas, Joseph, 185

Thomas, Thomas, 80

Thomas, Walter, 138

Thomas, William, 169

Thomos, Mary, 144

Thompson, Jonathan, 133

Thoresby, John, 50, 51, 52

Tin mining, 5

Tirymynach, 5

Tithes, 67, 68

Tolls, ore shipments, 94

Tombstones, inscriptions, 134, Appendix H

Traders and Dealers, 130, 131, 132, 134,

Trades, see, Occupations

Transport, 131, 154-166

Trefechan, 124

Trefi, 137

Turnpike Trusts, 155, 156, 158

Ty Mawr Inn, 178

Ucha'n Dre Parish Council, chairmen, Appendix I

Ucha'n-dre, 103, 109, 123, 137, 140, 145, 146, 151, 152, 167, 184

University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, 76, 107, 121;

Upper Vaynor, see Vaynor, Upper

Urdd Gobaith Cymru, 119, 120

Vale of Rheidol Railway, 160, 166

Vale Royal, monastery, 52, 53, 67, 139

Vaughan, Jenkin, 141

Vaughan, Rice, 144

Vaughan, Robert, Sir, 103

Vaynor, Lower, 137, 140, 146, 184

Vaynor, Upper, 109,140, 151, 152

Vikings, 22

Waller, William, 129, 130

Wallter, David, 141

Walters, E (Ludlow) Ltd, 135

Walwayn, M.John, 50

War Memorial, see Llanbadarn Fawr, War Memorial

Ward, William, 185

Watkin, John, 143

Watkin, Richard, 144

Watkins, Howell, 120

Waun-fawr, 134

Weapons, Bronze Age, 6

Weaving, 130

Welsh Agricultural College, 107, 118

Welsh Library College, 107, 116, 118

Welsh Plant Breeding Station, 103, 119

Welsh School, London, 95

Wernphilip, 97

Wesleyan Methodists, 86, 87

William III, King, 142

William, Jenkin, 139

William, The Conqueror, 36, 39

Williams, Catherine, 86

Williams, Edward (Parish Clerk), 132

Williams, Edward, 132, 179

Williams, Griffith, 80

Williams, James Warrell, 185

Williams, John Parry, 185

Williams, Lewis, 71

Williams, Margaret (sexton), 74

Williams, R Bryn, Rev, 108, 187

Williams, Sydney Arabella, 132

Williams, Thomas (bellringer), 71

Williams, Thomas (Parish Clerk), 131, 132, 146

Williams, William, 112

Williams, William, Rev, 132

Witchcraft, 182

Women's Institute, 186

Wordsworth, John, 110

Workhouse, 134

World War II, evacuees, 113

Wyre, River, 1

Ynys Enlli, 27

Young, Gruffydd, 53

Ysbyty Cynfyn, 4

Ysbyty Ystwyth, 5

Ystwyth, River 47

Zinc mining, 127

Zoar, see Capel Zoar