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A History of Llanbadarn Fawr

By E.G. Bowen

A limited edition published under auspices of the Ysgol Cwmpadarn Centenary Celebration Joint committee. 
Gomer Press: 1979

Here is a contents listing and index compiled by Peter G Williams, October 2005

Click  here for the position with lookups

CONTENTS

A History of Llanbadarn Fawr by E G Bowen M A, D Litt, LL D, D Univ, F S A
Sometime Gregynog Professor of Geography and Anthropology in the University of Wales
Foreword by Rt Rev John Richards Richards, M A, D D, LL D (Formerly Lord Bishop of St David's) 1979
First Published - December 1979  ©E G Bowen  ISBN 0 85088 502 7  Printed at Gomer Press, Llandyssul, Dyfed 

  • INTRODUCTION    vii
  • FOREWORD        xiii
  • LIST OF MAPS AND DIAGRAMS       xviii
  • LIST OF PLATES  xix
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS        xxi
  • SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY   xxii
  • LIST OF APPENDICES      xxiii
  • LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS     xxiv
  • CHAPTER I - The Early Inhabitants       1
  • CHAPTER II - A Celtic Christian Monastery       15
  • CHAPTER III - Who was St. Padarn?       26
  • CHAPTER IV - Bishop Sulien and his Family       35
  • CHAPTER V - Llanbadarn receives a Royal Charter  41
  • CHAPTER VI - The Church in the Middle Ages      48
  • CHAPTER VII - The Visit of Gerallt Gymro        59
  • CHAPTER VIII - Religious Life in Post-Reformation Times - The Church    66
  • CHAPTER IX - Religious Life in Post-Reformation Times - Puritan & Non-conformist 79
  • CHAPTER X - The Great Houses    90
  • CHAPTER XI - Schools and Colleges       107
  • CHAPTER XII - Occupations-Old and New   122
  • CHAPTER XIII - Population and Administration    137
  • CHAPTER XIV - Road versus Rail  154
  • CHAPTER XV - Village Life       167
  • APPENDIX A-N    189-229
  • INDEX   231

LIST OF MAPS AND DIAGRAMS

  • Fig.    1       Implements and Burial Urns of the Bronze Age
  • Fig.    2       Iron Age Hill Forts - Early phases
  • Fig.    3       Pen Dinas and Proto-Llanbadarn
  • Fig.    4       Distribution of B. 1 imported Eastern Mediterranean ware
  • Fig.    5       Llanbadarn Fawr - probable site of early Christian Monastery
  • Fig.    6       The Cult of St. Padarn in Mid-Wales
  • Fig.    7       The Letavian Saints in Wales
  • Fig.    8       Parish of Llanbadarn Fawr in the Middle Ages
  • Fig.    9       Landowners in Llanbadarn Fawr Parish 1846
  • Fig.    10      Land use in Llanbadarn Fawr Parish 1846
  • Fig.    11      (a) Population numbers in Llanbadarn Fawr in the Nineteenth Century
                        (b) Inhabited Houses in Llanbadarn Fawr in the Nineteenth Century
  • Fig.    12      Population Pyramids for 1851 and 1871 showing age and marital status
  • Fig.    13      Settlement pattern in Llanbadarn Fawr 1846 showing road focus
  • Fig.    14      Flow diagram of Buses and Trains through Llanbadarn Fawr - Summer Season 1975

LIST OF PLATES

  • Frontispiece:   Llanbadarn in the time of St. Padarn.
                            Llanbadarn Fawr in 1979.
  • Front end paper - Map of Llanbadarn Fawr  (William Couling, 1810, Nanteos Collection.)
  • Back end paper - Map of Llanbadarn Fawr, 1797, Gogerddan Collection.
  •  
  • Plate I          Pen Dinas Hill Fort
  • Plate II         Imported Mediterranean Pottery from Tintagel.
  • Plate III        Pre-Norman Crosses in Churchyard before removal to inside of Church in 1916.
  • Plate IV        Removal of High Cross to inside of Church 1916.
  • Plate V         The four faces of the High Cross.
  • Plate VI        The smaller Cross.
  • Plate VII       The Monastery of St. Mochoai, Nendrum, Northern Ireland.
  • Plate VIII      St. Padarn - an artist's impression.
  • Plate IX        Page from St. Augustine's De Trinitate, copied at Llanbadarn by Ieuan ap Sulien.
  • Plate X         Page of Rhygyfarch's Psalter 1079.
  • Plate XI        King Edward I Charter, 28th December 1277 naming Llanbadar.
  • Plate XII       Reconstruction of King Edward I Castle - 1277-1289.
  • Plate XIII      Brogynin - Home of Dafydd ap Gwilym.
  • Plate XIV      Statue of Giraldus Cambrensis in St. David's Cathedral.
  • Plate XV       Llanbadarn Fawr in the Eighteenth Century.  
  • Plate XVI      Llanbadarn Fawr Church in the Nineteenth Century.
  • Plate XVII     Page from the Marriage Register of Parish Church 1826.
  • Plate XVIII    Llanbadarn Fawr Church interior before modern restoration.
  • Plate XIX      Llanbadarn Fawr Church interior showing East  Window 1979.
  • Plate XX       Earliest Non-Conformist Chapels (Independent) at Zoar. Founded 1802.
  • Plate XXI      Page From Zoar Baptismal Register 1815-1821.
  • Plate XXII     Saron Calvanistic Methodist Chapel. Founded 1842.
  • Plate XXIII    Page from Baptismal Register of Saron C.M.Chapel 1832-1843.
  • Plate XXIV    Nanteos 1854.
  • Plate XXV     Gogerddan 1822.
  • Plate XXVI    Page from the Minutes of the Llanbadarn Fawr Court Leet 1848.
  • Plate XXVII   Re-enactment of a meeting of the Lianbadarn Fawr Court Leet 1st December 1939.
  • Plate XXVIII  Original site of Pen-y-fron School.
  • Plate XXIX    Page from the Admissions Register, Penyfron Board School 1883-1884.
  • Plate XXX     Cwmpadarn School 1897-1974.
  • Plate XXXI    Cwmpadarn School, 1974-.
  • Plate XXXII   Aerial photograph of Llanbadarn Fawr and College Campus.
  • Plate XXXIII  Esgair Hir Lead and Silver Mine.
  • Plate XXXIV   Llanbadarn Fawr Industrial Estate 1979.
  • Plate XXXV    Map showing boundary between Issa'n Dre and Ucha'n Dre 1832.
  • Plate XXXVI   Llanbadarn Fawr on John Ogilby's Road Map 1675.
  • Plate XXXVII  "Ogilby Improved" - Ed. Emanuel Bowen 1724. Section showing Llanbadarn Fawr.
  • Plate XXXVIII  Ty'r Abad and the Black Lion Inn. 1879.
  • Plate XXXIX    Village Square, Llanbadarn Fawr. c. 1900.
  • Plate XL           Llain-y-gawsai, c. 1900.
  • Plate XLI         "Pegi Llwyd"-A Llanbadarn resident in "Welsh costume". c. 1860.
  • Plate XLII        Mourners at Llanbadarn Church, 1808.
  • Plate XLIII       An annual service at Lianbadarn Fawr War Memorial.
  • Plate XLIV       The Royal Welsh Agricultural Show - Blaendolau Flats. 1957.

LIST OF APPENDICES

  • A Removal and Re-erection of Stone Crosses, Llanbadarn Fawr.
  • B Incumbents of Llanbadarn Fawr.
  • C Translation of the Charter granted by King Edward I to the new Vill of 'Lanbadar'on the 28th December 1277.
  • D Ministers of Zoar Independent Chapel.
  • E Ministers of Saron Calvinistic Methodist Chapel.
  • F Headmasters and Headmistresses of Pen-y-Fron and Cwmpadarn Schools 1873-1979.
  • G Inhabitants of Llanbadarn Fawr recorded in the 1851 Census Enumerators Books.
  • H Survey of Tombstones in Llanbadarn Fawr Churchyard giving occupations.
  • I Ucha'n Dre Parish Council - List of Chairmen 1896-1933.
  • J Issa'n Dre Parish Council - List of Chairmen 1894-1933.
  • K Llanbadarn Fawr Parish Council - List of Chairmen 1934-1973.
  • L Llanbadarn Fawr Community Council - List of Chairmen 1974-to date.
  • M Aberystwyth District Council - Parish representatives:
    (a) Issa'n Dre 1897-1934.
    (b) Ucha'n Dre 1897-1934.
    (c) Llanbadarn Fawr 1934-1974.
    Ceredigion District Council
    Llanbadarn Fawr 1974 - to date.
  • N Cardiganshire County Council 1889-1974
    Dyfed County Council 1974 to date.
    Representatives of the Parish of Llanbadarn Fawr.

Index

ab Evan, Edward, 144 ab Humphrey, David, 144 Aberystwyth Castle, 42, 43, 44
Aberystwyth Rural District Council, representatives, Appendix M Aberystwyth, ore shipments, 94 Act of Union, 137
Age of the Saints, 2, 5 Agriculture, 122, 126, 127 Amphorae, 16, 17
ap Arthen, Henry, 40 ap Cynan, 36 ap Edward, John, 141
ap Gronow, Prince Edwin, of Tegeingl, 92 ap Gruffydd, Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, 41 ap Gwilym, Dafydd, 43, 56, 57, 187
ap Gwrwared, Gwilym, 43 ap Hywel, Dafydd ap Philip, 92 ap Llewellyn, Gruffydd, 22, 24, 41
ap Philip ap Hywel, Dafydd, 92 ap Rhydderch, 98, 99 ap Rhygyfarch, Sulien, 39, 40
ap Richard, Rees, 144 ap Robert, Phillipp, 138 ap Sulien, Daniel, 35, 39, 40
ap Sulien, Ieuan, 26, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 77 ap Sulien, Ieuan, 35, 37, 38, 39, 77; ap Sulien, Rhygyfarch, 26, 35, 37, 38, 39, 63, 64, 77
ap Tewdwr, 36 Ardwyn Grammar School, 76, 114 Attwood Family, 133
Ballinger, Henry John, 184 Baptists, 86 Bardsey Island see Ynys Enlli
Beaker People, 5 Bek, Anthony, 43, 50, 51 Bell, H, Sir Idris, 57
Benjamin, George, 184 Bishop's Transcripts, 79 Bishops, church, 12
Black Death, 51 Black Lion Inn, 122, 131, 148, 161, 163, 170, 178, 180 Black Prince, 51
Blaendolau Flats, 158, 162, 185 Bonsall, Isaac, Rev, 123 Borth, 2, 101
Brad y Llyfrau Gleision, 109 Bradwardine, Thomas, 50, 51 Brewing, 130, 179
Brittany, 6 Brockhouse (Aberystwyth) Engineering Co, 135 Bronze Age, 4, 5, 6, 8
Brut y Tywysogion, 22, 25, 35, 39, 40, 44 Brynamlwg, 121, 124, 158 Building Trades, 130
Burial chambers, 3, 4, 5 Burial urns, 6 Burials, customs, 174, 175
Bus services, 163, 164 Caerleon, 11 Caernarfon, 11, 14
Caine, Evan Idwal, 184 Calvinistic Methodism, 83, 84, 85 Cambrian Railways Company, 162
Cantref y Gwaelod, 2 Capel Bangor, 85 Capel Dewi, 158, 160
Capel Hir, 72 Capel Saron, 83, 84, 85, 88-9, 132, 158, 186 Capel Saron, ministers, Appendix E
Capel Seion, 180 Capel Zoar, 79, 80, 81, 88, 132, 148, 158 Capel Zoar, ministers, Appendix D
Cardiganshire Agricultural Society, 95 Cardiganshire County Council, 152 Cardiganshire County Council, representatives, Appendix N
Carmarthen, 11 Carreg Samson, 5 Cattle drovers, 100, 160, 163
Cefn Coch, 6 Cefn-llan, 124, 131, 148 Celts, 8
Census, 1851, Appendix G Ceredigion District Council, representatives, Appendix M Chancery School, 115
Charles, A, Miss, 112 Charles, Thomas, Rev, 85 Chelsea College of Physical Education, 114
Chester, 11 Christianity, early, 5, 12, 14 Christianity, introduction of, 12
Christmas, customs, 175 Civil War, 68, 78 Clements, Thomas George, 184
Climatic conditions, 1, 6, 8 Club House, 148, 180 Commins Coch, 81
Company of Mine Adventurers, 129 Conundrums, 177, 178 Copper  mining, 5
Corbett, William, 94 Cornwall, 6 Cors Fochno (Borth Bog), 6
Couling, William, 4 Court Leet, see Llanbadarn Fawr, Court Leet Cradock, Walter, 78
Crafts, 130, 134 Crick y Wheel, 182, 183 Crosses, stone, in Llanbadarn Church, 20, 21
Crosville Motor Company, 163, 164 Crown Lands, 93 Culliford, Frank, 97
Cwmpadarn School, 107, 111, 112, 186 Cwmpadarn School, heads, Appendix F Cwmsymlog, mine, 94
Cwpan Nanteos, 98 Cwrt Lit, see Llanbadarn Fawr Court Leet Dalton, David Michael, 185
Daniel, Anne, 80 Darren mine, 94 David, ffrancis, 143
David, Richard, 144 David, Thomas, 144 Davies, Alexander Rees, 184
Davies, David Edward, 184 Davies, David, of Llandinam, 162 Davies, Dd., (bell ringer), 71
Davies, Elizabeth, 132 Davies, Evan Douglas, 184 Davies, Evan Lewis, Rev, 132
Davies, Henry, 184 Davies, Hughie Morris, 185 Davies, Jack, 181
Davies, John (Saron), 88 Davies, John, 132 Davies, John, Rev 132
Davies, Jonathan, 184 Davies, Mathew William, 123, 124 Davies, Morgan, 97
Davies, Richard, 78 Davies, Robert Humphrey, 184 Davies, Robert, 84
Davies, Simon, 80 Davies, Thomas, 143 Davies, Thomas, 184
Davies, William Henry, 133 Davies-Jenkins, J N, 97, 98 Davis, Dorithy, 143
Davis, Percy E, 114 Ddoldau Common, 96, 97 de Winton, Wilfred, 75, 76
Death, customs, 174, 175 Demesne lands, 123, 176 Devil's Bridge, 164, 166
Disgwylfa Fawr, 8 Dissolution of the Monasteries, 67, 68 Dolgerdinen, 166
Dol-y-Berllan, 166 Domestic Service, 123, 133 Drovers, see Cattle drovers
Ducks Lane, 133, 148 Dumarge, Henry, 151 Dyfed County Council, 152
Dyfed County Council, representatives, Appendix N Dyffryn Paith, 180 Edmund of Lancaster, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47
Education, 85, 95, 107, 109, 110, 121 Edward I, King, 41, 44, 52 Edward III, King, 52
Edward, Moris, 144 Edward, Thomas Jenkin, 143 Edwards, Evan David, 184
Edwards, Ifan ap Owen, Sir, 119, 120 Edwards, Iorwerth, Rev, 115 Edwards, John, 108
Edwards, Lewis (weaver), 80 Edwards, Lewis, Dr, 85 Edwards, Llewel!yn, Rev Canon, 77
Edwards, Llewelyn, Capt, 97 Edwards, Richard, 152 Edwards, Thomas Charles, Rev, 85
Edwards, William, 71 Eglwys Saron, see Capel Saron Eldridge, Ronald, 77, 152
Eldridge, W R, 152 Elizabeth I, Queen, 46 Elys, Llio, 172
Erw Goch, 124, 126, 148, 158 Esgair-hir, 128, 129 Estavayer, William of, 50
Evacuees, World War II, 114 Evan, Edward, 144 Evan, Harry, 143
Evan, Lettis, 143 Evan, Richard, 144 Evans Family of Lovesgrove, 104, 105, 106
Evans of Penrhyncoch, Messrs, 164 Evans, David, 97 Evans, Edward Hugh, 184
Evans, George Eyre, Rev, 74, 75 Evans, H J, 115 Evans, Jack, 181
Evans, Jacob, 112 Evans, Jane, 132 Evans, Jeremiah, 80
Evans, John Pugh, 104 Evans, L T Prosser, 119 Evans, Lewis Pugh, Brig Genl, 105, 183
Evans, Morgan, Rev, 88 Evans, Richard, 97 Evans, Richard, Rev, 69, 97, 108
Evans, William (County Court Bailiff), 133 Evans, William, 79 Farming, see Agriculture
Felix sisters (Nansi'r Delyn), 183 Festival of Wales 1958, 185, 186 fitz Richard, Gilbert, 24
Fletcher, George, 184 Flint, tools, 2 Football, 181, 182
Footpaths, 152 Foundries, 131 Freichfras, Caradog, 28
Friendly Societies, 180 Gapper, R L, 115 Garreg Fawr, 4, 5, 78, 79, 80, 167, 168, 169, 171, 183
Genau'r Glyn, Hundred, 138 Gentry families, 90 Geoffrey of Monmouth, 63, 64
George, Percy, 97, 115 Gerallt Gymro, see Giraldus Cambrensis Gibbs, Thomas, 144
Giraldus Cambrensis, 25, 33, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64 Glandyfi, 6 Glanrheidol, 124
Glebe lands, 124 Glover, David Lloyd, 143, 145 Glyn Dwr, Owain, 45, 46
Gogerddan Arms Inn, 131, 146, 148, 170, 178, 180 Gogerddan Estate, 86, 93, 98, 123, 126, 133, 176 Gogerddan Hounds, 101, 102
Gogerddan, see, Pryse Family of Gold mining, 5 Government, local, 137, 138, 151, 152, 153
Grandison, John of, 50 Gravel (Trailers) Ltd, 135 Graves, Bronze Age, 6
Gravestones, see, Tombstones Griffiths, Jane, 133 Griffiths, Margaret, 80
Griffiths, Richard (Dic y Te), 132, 182 Griffiths, W I, 115 Gwahoddwr, 172
Gwar-y-Felin Farm, 162 Gwynedd, Maelgwyn, 27, 28, 30, 31 Haroldson, Godfrey, King, 22
Harry, William (bellringer), 71 Harry, William, 71, 74 Harvest, customs, 175
Hearth Tax, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145 Henblas, 133, 148 Henry I, King, 24, 61
Henry II, King, 25 Henry III, King, 41, 48 Henry V, King, 46
Heol y Fron, 150 Herbert, Evan, 124 Highways, see Roads
Hill-forts, see also Pen Dinas, 8, 10, 11 Holt, Joseph, 133 Holyrood Preparatory School, Bognor Regis, 119
Howells, Richard, 97 Hughes, Ann (sexton), 132 Hughes, Anne (butcher), 80
Hughes, Dafydd (Baptist preacher), 86 Hughes, Dafydd and Jane, 80 Hughes, James, 123, 124
Hughes, John Evan, 97 Hughes, John, Lluest Gwilym, 123, 124, 132 Hughes, John, Rev, 88, 118, 132
Hughes, Lewis, 124, 126 Hughes, Richard, 124, 126 Humphreys, Anne, 80
Humphreys, D (bellringer), 71 Ice Age, 1 Idnert(h), 40, 65
Ifans, Dafydd, 172, 187 Implements, Bronze Age, 6 Independent chapels, see Capel Zoar
Industry, 130, 131, 135 Iron Age, 8, 9, 15 Isaac, Norah, Miss, 119
Issa'n Dre Parish Council, chairmen, Appendix J Issa'n-dre, 109, 123, 137, 140, 145, 146, 151, 152, 167, 184 James, James, 184
James, Margaret, 124 James, Oswald, 181 James, Roger, 144
James, William Robert, 185 Jenkin, Edward, 143 Jenkin, Kathring, 143
Jenkins, D E, Rev, 85 Jenkins, David William, 184 Jenkins, David, 80
Jenkins, John, 80 Jenkins, Lewis, 143 Jenkins, Rees, 144
Jenkins, Richard, 131 Jenkins, Sali, Miss 115 Jenkins, Theophilus, 130, 179
Jenkyn, Arthur Llewellyn, 184 Jeremiah, Jane, 80 Joe-y-Post, 179, 180
John, John Richard, 143 John, King, 44 Johnes, Thomas, Sir, 141
Jonathan, David, 160, 161, 163 Jones Brothers, Messrs, 164 Jones, Abraham L, 97
Jones, Catherine, 80 Jones, Daniel Evans, 184 Jones, David, 79
Jones, Deborah, 80 Jones, Ebenezer, Rev, 152 Jones, Eddie E, 97
Jones, Edward, Rev, 84 Jones, Evan Richard (Waun), 184 Jones, Evan Richard, 184
Jones, Henry Morgan, 184 Jones, Isaac (bellringer), 71 Jones, Isaac, 71, 130
Jones, J 0, 110 Jones, James, 143, 145 Jones, John Emlyn, 184
Jones, John, 112 Jones, John, Rev, (Eleri), 85 Jones, John, Rev, (Saron), 132
Jones, John, Rev, 132 Jones, Josiah, 80 Jones, Lewis, 130
Jones, Margaret, Mrs, 143 Jones, Mathew, 143 Jones, Richard (bellringer), 71
Jones, Richard, 144 Jones, T Llewellyn, 187 Jones, Thomas (tanner), 132
Jones, Thomas Morris, 184 Jones, Thomas, Rev, 80 Jones, W P Elwy, 111, 112, 113
Jones, W R, 181 Jones, William (Capel Saron), 84 Jones, William (weaver), 80
Jones, William Basil, Bishop, 75, 76 Jones, William Thomas, 184 Jones, William Tilsley, 76
Jones, William, 150 Killin, Evan, 122, 131, 161 Kilsby, William, 50
King's Head Inn, 178 Kuhn, Evan, 122, 131, 161 Land, use in 1846, 123, 124, 126
Lead mining, 127, 131 Lein Fach, see Vale of Rheidol Railway Letavia (Brittany), 27, 30
Lewis, Edward, 132 Lewis, Griffith, 143 Lewis, Hugh, 123
Lewis, Jane, 143, 144 Lewis, John, 143 Lewis, John, Commissioner, 78
Lewis, Richard, 97 Library, 117-8 Lime burning, 124
Lisburne, Earl of, 123 Livestock, farming, 56 Llain y Gawsau, see Llangawsai
Llanbadarn Fach (Tref Eglwys) 21 Llanbadarn Fawr (Powys) 21 Llanbadarn Fawr Charity School, see, Penyfron School
Llanbadarn Fawr Community Association, 116 Llanbadarn Fawr Community Council, 77, 152, -3 Llanbadarn Fawr Community Council, chairmen, Appendix L
Llanbadarn Fawr Court Leet, 4, 96, 97 Llanbadarn Fawr Educational Foundation, 112 Llanbadarn Fawr Parish Council, 152
Llanbadarn Fawr Parish Council, chairmen, Appendix K Llanbadarn Fawr, Church, 20, 21, 48, 54, 66, 69, 70, 73, 88, 117, 139, 167 Llanbadarn Fawr, Church, bellringers, 71  
Llanbadarn Fawr, Churchyard, 134 Llanbadarn Fawr, monastery, 20, 21, 24, 25 Llanbadarn Fawr, Parish Registers, 70
Llanbadarn Fawr, parish, 52, 53, 67, 137, 145, 146, 151 Llanbadarn Fawr, Parish, incumbents, Appendix B Llanbadarn Fawr, School Board, 109, 110, 111
Llanbadarn Fawr, Vestry Book, 70, 72, 73 Llanbadarn Fawr, War Memorial, 114, 183, 184, 185 Llanbadarn Fynydd, 21
Llanbadarn Gaerog, 45 Llanbadarn Industrial Estate, 135, 136 Llanbadarn Odwyn, 21
Llanbadarn Village Sports Fund, 115 Llanbadarn-y-Garreg (Powys), 21 Llandâf, Book of, 26, 27
Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn, 21 Llanfihangel y Creuddyn, 21 Llanfihangel Ystrad, 5
Llangawsai, 84, 124, 133, 157, 158, 160, 171 Llangynfelin, 101 Llanilar, 21
Llechwedd-dyrus, 92 Llewelyn Ddu o Fôn, see, Morris, Lewis Lloyd, David, 138
Lloyd, Elizabeth, 144 Lloyd, Evan, 169 Lloyd, Harry, 132
Lloyd, Henry James, 132 Lloyd, Hugh, 184 Lloyd, Rees, 143
Lloyd, Richard, 133 Lloyd, William Robert, 184 Lloyd, William, 133
Lluest Gwilym, 124, 126, 132, 148, 158 Lluest Mansion, 119, 120 Llwyd, Humphrey, 46, 47
Llwyd, Humphrey, 46, 47 Local government, 137, 138, 151, 153 Lord of the Manor, 4, 166
Loveden Family, see, Pryse family of Gogerddan Lovesgrove, 103, 133, see also, Evans family of Lovesgrove Lower Vaynor, see Vaynor, Lower
Mackworth, Humphrey, Sir, 129, 130 Maelgwyn Gwynedd, 27, 28, 31 Maesmawr Hall, 85
Magnet Joinery Ltd, 135 map Arthet, Eithir, 31 Mapping, 156, 157, 158, 175
Marine Occupations, 131, 134 Markets and fairs, 167, 168 Marriage, 150, 171, 172, 173
Masterson, Mary, 151 Mathews, John, 84 May Day, customs, 170
Medicine, 173, 174 Megalithic Age, 4, 5 Melin y Person, 141
Memorial inscriptions, 134 Methodist chapels, see Capel Saron Mezolithic Age, 2, 3, 4
Middle Ages, 138, 140, 146, 151 Middle Ages, 48, 49, 50, 53 Midway, 130
Miller, Joseph, 97 Miller, William Arthur, Junior, 97 Miller, William Arthur, Senior, 153
Mine barracks, 127 Mines and Mining, 69, 87, 90, 92, 93, 94, 99, 122, 127, 128, 130, 131, 134 Monasteries, Celtic, 15, 18
Monasteries, Dissolution, 67 Mone, Guy, 52-3 Morgan Bach y Beddau, 174
Morgan, Evan Arthur, 184 Morgan, John T, Dr, 152 Morgan, Morgan, 130
Morgan, Mrs, Nantceiro Hall, 113 Morgan, Richard, Rev, 107 Morgan, Thomas Jenkin, 144
Morgan, William, Bishop, 58 Morgans, John, 108 Morganwg, Iolo, 22
Moris, David Lloy, 143 Moris, David, 143, 144 Moris, Hugh, 143, 145
Moris, Jane, 144 Moris, William, 143, 145 Morris, Hugh, 180, 181
Morris, John, 80 Morris, Lewis, 94, 172 Mredith, David William, 144
Nansi'r Delyn, 183 Nantceiro Hall, 113, 150, 152 Nanteos, 90, 92, 93, 98, 103, 133, 176, 180
Nanteos, collection (NLW), 4 National Eisteddfod, Urdd, 115 National Library of Wales, 158
Neolithic Age, 3 New Stone Age, 2 New Year, customs, 176, 177
Nonconformity, 78-87, 171 Norman Conquest, 24, 38, 137 Noson Lawen 173
Occupations, 80, 122-36, 140, Appendix H Oen, Eden, 61 Ogilby, John, 156, 157, 158
Old Black Lion Inn, 178 Old Stone Age, 1, 2 Open University, 107, 119
Owain, Einion, 172 Owen, David, 124 Owen, David, 184
Owen, Owen, 173 Owen, W H K, 184 Owen, William Edward G P W, 184
Padarn Fawr Benefit Society, 180 Padarn United Football Team, 181, 182 Padarn Variety Group, 186
Padarn, Saint, see Saint Padarn Parcel Canol, 103 Parish Church, stone crosses, 20
Parish Registers, 70 Parish Vestry Books, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 107, 108, 168, 169 Parish, ecclesiastical, 137;
Parish, local government, 151, 152, 153, 155 Parry, Griffith, Rev, 82 Parry, T, Rev, 110
Paternus the Great, see, Saint Padarn Paupers, 133, 134 Pen Dinas, 10, 11, 14, 15
Penbryn, 124 Penbrynrodyn, 124, 133, 158 Pencarreg, 21
Pendre Factory, 130, 162 Pendre House, 124 Pendre, 131, 158
Penglais Comprehensive School, 107, 120 Penllwyn, 11, 12, 158 Penparcau, 158, 180
Penrhyncoch, 86, 101, 158 Penweddig (Cantref) 25, 48 Pen-y-bont, 158
Pen-y-fron School, 108, 110, -11 Pen-y-fron School, heads, Appendix F Penygraig School, 107, 116
Phillips, Joseph, Dr, 150, 173 Phillips, Mary, 150 Phillips, Richard, 141
Phillips, Thomas, Rev, 79, 80 Plas Crug, 124 Plas Gogerddan, 86, 102, 103
Plough Inn, 178 Plygain, Y, 73 Police service, 151
Ponterwyd, 8, 158 Pontrhydygroes, 6 Poole, William, 86
Poor Laws, 151 Population, 69, 89, 122, 123, 130, 134, 145, 146, 148, 150, 151, 185 Postal service, 156, 179, 180
Pottery, manufacture, 3 Powell Family of Nanteos, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 103, 108, 139 Powell, Alison J, Miss, 134
Powell, Edward Athelstan Lewis, 96 Powell, George Ernest John, 95 Powell, Margaret Louisa Joan, Lady of the Manor of Llanbadarn, 96
Powell, Miss, (Frondeg), 113 Powell, S, Miss, 111 Powell, Thomas, 71
Powell, Thomas, HS, 95 Powell, Thomas, Sir, 92 Powell, Vavasor, 78, 79, 83, 86
Powell, William Edward George Pryse Wynne, Lieut, 96 Powell, William Edward, of Nanteos, 95, 103, 123, 129 Powell, William, Rev, 93
Price, Richard, 139 Primrose Hill, 107, 116 Primrose Motor Company, 164
Priodas Fach, 172, 173 Prise, Aurthir, 144 Prise, Evan, 143
Pritchard, Griffith, 144 Pritchard, Moris, 144 Pryse Family of Gogerddan, 80, 93, 94, 96, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 105;
Pryse, Carberry, Sir, 129 Pryse, Edward John Webley Parry, Sir, 185 Pryse, John Pugh, MP, 94, 99
Pryse, John, 138; Pryse, Lewis, 99, 100, 117 Pryse, Pryse, Sir, 100, 101, 102, 110, 123, 127
Pryse, Thomas, 94 Psalter, 36, 77; Public Houses, see, Taverns
Public lighting, 152 Pugh, David John, 184 Pugh, John, Rev, 71, 75, 110, 132
Pugh, Lewis Pugh, 104, 124, 126 Pugh, Louisa Jane, 132 Punishments, 169
Puritanism, 68, 78, 79 Pwll Crwn, 139 Pwllcenawon Farm, 85
Pwllhobi, 124, 130, 132, 134, 158 Quakers, 78 Quarter Sessions, 141
Quebec Villa, 77, 133, 148 Railways, 131, 161,162, 163 Read, Richard George, 185
Recreations, 177, 178 Rectors, Medieval, 50, see also Appendix B Rees, B R, Dr, 77
Rees, Benjamin, Rev, 81, 82, 88, 132 Rees, Catherine, 80 Rees, David, 97
Rees, Edward, 143 Rees, Hary, 144 Rees, Thomas, 143, 145
Rees, Winifred, 131, 132 Reformation, 66, 67, 68 Rent Roll, see also Taxation, 138, 140, 141, 145
Rheidol Cottage, 166 Rheidol, River, 2, 42, 47, 140, 154, 157, 160, 162, 166 Rhiw Shôn Saer, 183
Rhygyfarch's Psalter, 36, 77 Rhys Ddu, 46 Rhys, The Lord, 25, 60, 62
Richard, Brigeit, 144 Richard, David, 143 Richard, Ellen, 144
Richard, Hugh, 143 Richardes, Roderick, 123 Richards, Charles, 94
Richards, David, 131, 132 Richards, Edward, 80 Richards, Hugh, 108
Richards, John R, Bishop, 76, 115 Richards, John, (Fac'k), 80 Richards, John, 184
Richards, Roderick Alexander, 184 Richards, Roderick, 112 Richards, William, 131, 132
Roads, 151, 154, 155, 156, 158 Roberts, Evan, Rev, 68, 78 Roberts, William, 131
Roger, David, 143 Roger, Watkin, 144 Rogers, John, 131, 179
Roman occupation, 11, 12, 14, 15, 154, 155 Roose, L R, 181, 182 Rose Mount, see, Maesmawr Hall
Rose Villa, 148 Rowe, Edward, 97 Rowland, Daniel, 83, 84
Royal Charter, 41, 43 Royal Oak Inn, 178, 179 Royal Welsh Agricultural Society, 185
Ruddz, David Lloyd, 143 S P C K, 117 Saint Michael's Chapel, Aberystwyth, 69-70
Saint Padarn, 1, 14, 19, 35, 37, 63, 64, 66, 167, 181 Saint Padarn's School, 132 Saints, Age of, see Age of the Saints
Samson's Stone see Carreg Samson Samuel, Edward, 84 Samuel, Thomas, 124
Saron, see, Capel Saron Sarum Missal, 66, 67 Savin, Thomas, 162
School Board, see Llanbadarn Fawr School Board Schools, 85, 107-116, 119, 120, 121 Seafaring, 69, 131, 134
Sea-level change, 2 Sexton, duties of, 73, 74, 169 Shadrach, Azariah, Rev, 80, 81
Shipping, 131 Shops, see, Traders and Dealers Silver mining, 128
Simon, Evan, 132, 153 Simon, Margaret, 86 Simon, Thomas, 132
Six Bells Inn, 178 Smithy, 170, 180 Soar, see Capel Zoar
Social Life, 171-187 Society of Mines Royal, 128, 129 Spain, 6
Sport, see also Football, 107, 121, 181, 182 St Cadfan, 27, St David, 26, 28, 30, 37
St David's, Diocese of , 40, 48, 64, 67, 75, 76 St Deiniol, 14 St Michael's Chapel, Aberystwyth, 69, 70, 134
St Padarn, 14, 21, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 75 St Teilo, 26, 28, 30 Stapleton, George, Sir, 119
Stephens, David Morgan, 184 Stephens, William David, 184 Stimson, Major, 112
Stocks (punishment), 169 Stone circles, 4 Stone tools, 3
Strata Florida, 25, 40, 98, 127 Stretton, Robert, 50, 51 Subsidy Roll, 138
Sulien, The Wise, Bishop, 22, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 187 Sunday Schools, 79, 109 Sunken Hundred (Cantref y Gwaelod), 2
Superstitions, 182, 183 Sutherland, Hugh, 151 Tairsimnai, 148
Talbert, Horace James, 184 Talybont, 11,12 Tan-y-fynwent, 179
Tan-y-Gaer, 79 Taunton, Robert of, 50 Taverns, see also Black Lion, Gogerddan Arms, 130, 131, 178, 179
Taxation, see also Hearth Tax; Subsidy Roll; Rent Roll; 138, 141 Thirlwall, Connop, Bishop, 74, 75 Thomas H D, 115
Thomas, Griffith, 141 Thomas, Joseph, 185 Thomas, Thomas, 80
Thomas, Walter, 138 Thomas, William, 169 Thomos, Mary, 144
Thompson, Jonathan, 133 Thoresby, John, 50, 51, 52 Tin mining, 5
Tirymynach, 5 Tithes, 67, 68 Tolls, ore shipments, 94
Tombstones, inscriptions, 134, Appendix H Traders and Dealers, 130, 131, 132, 134, Trades, see, Occupations
Transport, 131, 154-166 Trefechan, 124 Trefi, 137
Turnpike Trusts, 155, 156, 158 Ty Mawr Inn, 178 Ucha'n Dre Parish Council, chairmen, Appendix I
Ucha'n-dre, 103, 109, 123, 137, 140, 145, 146, 151, 152, 167, 184 University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, 76, 107, 121; Upper Vaynor, see Vaynor, Upper
Urdd Gobaith Cymru, 119, 120 Vale of Rheidol Railway, 160, 166 Vale Royal, monastery, 52, 53, 67, 139
Vaughan, Jenkin, 141 Vaughan, Rice, 144 Vaughan, Robert, Sir, 103
Vaynor, Lower, 137, 140, 146, 184 Vaynor, Upper, 109,140, 151, 152 Vikings, 22
Waller, William, 129, 130 Wallter, David, 141 Walters, E (Ludlow) Ltd, 135
Walwayn, M.John, 50 War Memorial, see Llanbadarn Fawr, War Memorial Ward, William, 185
Watkin, John, 143 Watkin, Richard, 144 Watkins, Howell, 120
Waun-fawr, 134 Weapons, Bronze Age, 6 Weaving, 130
Welsh Agricultural College, 107, 118 Welsh Library College, 107, 116, 118 Welsh Plant Breeding Station, 103, 119
Welsh School, London, 95 Wernphilip, 97 Wesleyan Methodists, 86, 87
William III, King, 142 William, Jenkin, 139 William, The Conqueror, 36, 39
Williams, Catherine, 86 Williams, Edward (Parish Clerk), 132 Williams, Edward, 132, 179
Williams, Griffith, 80 Williams, James Warrell, 185 Williams, John Parry, 185
Williams, Lewis, 71 Williams, Margaret (sexton), 74 Williams, R Bryn, Rev, 108, 187
Williams, Sydney Arabella, 132 Williams, Thomas (bellringer), 71 Williams, Thomas (Parish Clerk), 131, 132, 146
Williams, William, 112 Williams, William, Rev, 132 Witchcraft, 182
Women's Institute, 186 Wordsworth, John, 110 Workhouse, 134
World War II, evacuees, 113 Wyre, River, 1 Ynys Enlli, 27
Young, Gruffydd, 53 Ysbyty Cynfyn, 4 Ysbyty Ystwyth, 5
Ystwyth, River 47 Zinc mining, 127 Zoar, see Capel Zoar