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An Illustrated History of Cardiganshire

By W J Lewis, 1970

Index compiled by Gareth Hicks 2000

The text and map/drawings are bilingual.

The general format of the book is that the text is illustrated with an accompanying map/drawing of the county.

Chapter headings         Photographs

 

 

 

Chapter headings

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This is a listing of chapter headings, in the order they appear in the book , plus an indication of what any accompanying diagrams relate to;
  • Primitive Times [ diagram showing where various relics [mainly Bronze Age onwards] discovered, and where cromlechs and maenhirs found]
  • The Hill Forts [ diagram showing where these were sited]
  • The Romans [ diagram showing Roman roads, towns, forts, mines]
  • Cunedda [diagram showing lands conquered by Cunedda]
  • The Celtic Saints [ diagrams showing where Celtic churches were sited, and where settlements were founded by Celtic Saints]
  • Inscribed Christian Stones
  • The Castles [ diagram showing castles, earth or stone, Norman and Welsh]
  • The Middle Ages [diagram showing hundreds, commotes, churches, chapels, abbey, nunnery, priory, castle etc in Middle Ages]
  • The Lord Rhys
  • Strata Florida [diagram showing the various lands owned by Ystrad Fflur in 1282]
  • The Statute of Rhuddlan 1284 [  diagrams showing how Wales was divided by this Statute following the death of Llewelyn ap Gruffydd in 1282. Also the lands of the Lord Rhys]
  • The Early Gentry [diagram showing the houses of the Early Gentry, and the ones where Henry Tudor stayed]
  • Cardigan Shyre 1610--Speed's Map
  • The Church in the Early C18 [diagram showing where parish churches situated c 1750]
  • Nonconformity [diagrams showing where chapels sited in periods 1650-1738 and 1739-1820]
  • Education I. Up to 1800 [diagram showing where schools were situated in period 1674-1777]
  • Education II. After 1800 [diagram showing where schools were situated in 1847]
  • Sea Trade to 1700 [diagram showing details of Cardiganshire's sea trade 1601-1709]
  • The Port of Aberystwyth [diagram showing details of Aberystwyth's sea trade in 1851, by product and destination/source]
  • The Lime Trade
  • Roads and Railways [diagrams showing the road system in 1844, 1720 and 1954. Also the railway lines and when they opened]
  • The Fairs [diagram showing where fairs held, and what main products were sold at each one]
  • The Drovers [digram showing the main drovers routes,  key villages/places and land over 800 ft]
  • Industries and Crafts [diagram showing which craft , out of about 30 different ones, was sited where. Also an extract of various trades from the 1831 census giving total numbers employed in each type]
  • Lead Mining [diagrams showing the situation, and some names, of the lead mines of north Cardiganshire in the periods 1580-1800 and 1800-1930]
  • The Woollen Industry [diagram showing where woollen factories and fulling mills situated 1860-1920, not named as such]
  • Land Enclosures [plan showing strip cultivation in Llan-non parish; scattered strips in Llanddewibrefi; and a scattered farm , Brynhownant, Tregaron. Also diagrams showing land  open in 1794 and land enclosed in the C19]
  • One-Night Houses[Tai Unnos]: The Squatters [diagram showing some of the various Tai Unnos on Mynydd Llanddewibrefi, these place names have been extracted and are shown below]
  • Land Use [plans showing how the uses of part of the Gogerddan Estate changed from 1788+]
  • The Population
  • Emigration to the United States [small poster advertising departure of the Brig Credo of Aberystwyth in 1848, John Humphrys, Master, bound for " Quebec direct".
  • The Parishes [plan of Aberteifi in 1610]
  • The Growth of the Towns [plans of Cardigan 1834, Aberaeron 1845, Aberystwyth 1740, 1795, 1832]
  • Cardiganshire 1969

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Photographs

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This is a list of the photographs, not in alphabetical order ;
  • Bronze Age Shield
  • Pen-dinas hill fort from the air
  • Wern Newydd, Llannarth
  • Hafod Mansion
  • Heir to Crosswood comes of age [1883 ?]
  • Gogerddan Meet
  • Ancient Mwnt Church
  • Daniel Rowland, Llangeitho
  • Chantry's memorial at Hafod Church
  • Alltyblaca Unitarian Chapel
  • John Williams " Yr Hen Syr"--Ystrad Meurig--Headmaster, 1777-1818.
  • Neuaddlwyd--The Academy
  • The College, Aberystwyth c 1880
  • Ffos-y-ffin , Sunday School, 1896
  • Ida Alice--an Aberystwyth ship
  • Aberystwyth shipbuilding
  • Aberystwyth lifeboat
  • Borth, old seamen
  • Aberstrincell, Llan-non, lime kilns
  • Old stone-breaker
  • The Gloucester to Aberystwyth Coach, 1843
  • Penglais, Llanbadarn Road--Turnpike tollgates, 1889
  • Penparcau tollhouse
  • Travel, early this century
  • Turnpike gate tickets [Rhydyfuwch Upper & Lower Gates, Cardigan North Gate, Ysbytty Cynfyn Gate, Aberayron North Gate, Lampeter West Gate]
  • Building the third Devil's Bridge
  • Hafan , Railway
  • Dalis Fair, Lampeter
  • Abermarlais, Henfynyw--Pig killing c 1900
  • Two pound note--Banc y Ddafad Ddu [Aberystwith & Tregaron Bank]
  • The 'Cardi' cart  [John Davies's weekly service  from Dowlais to Aberystwyth]
  • Teifi--coracles
  • Tre'rddol--clogmaker and clog soles
  • Llanio--blacksmiths
  • Wheelwrights
  • Aberaeron--making lobster pots
  • Cwmerfin, Lead mine
  • Basket-maker
  • Glog-fawr--lead miners, 1912
  • Melinau Gwlar [Woollen Mills];
    • Maes-llyn
    • Capel Dewi
    • Lanrhystud
    • Tal-y-bont
  • Esgair Moel--fulling blankets
  • Tal-y-bont--weavers
  • Llangwyryfon,1920--hay harvest
  • Lampeter, boot factory--cobblers
  • Washing sheep
  • Teulu beirdd y Cilie--Cwmtydu c 1900--a family of farmer poets
  • Cwmystwyth school, 1904, now closed
  • Ystumtuen--ruins of miners houses
  • 'Cardis' selling milk in London
  • London Cardis Society visit 'Churt'
  • Pentwr, Aberaeron, 1910
  • Porthladd--Aberaeron--harbour
  • Cardigan Bridge, c 1830
  • Cardigan Bridge, c 1910
  • New Quay--unloading coal
  • New Quay--1969
  • Aberystwyth c 1790
  • Aberystwyth, The Pier, 1874
  • Old Tregaron, 1819
  • Tregaron, 1845
  • 'College', Aberaeron--typical old cottage
  • Lampeter Board of Guardians, 1901
  • Llandyssul, choir going to an eisteddfod
  • Mrs Gwynne, Monachty--opening the Aberaeron railway station in 1911
  • Peasant houses in Cardiganshire;
    • Ffos-y-ffin, Llangeitho
    • Pen-y-gaer, Nantcwnlle
    • Pen-y-bont, Llangorwen
    • Neuadd, Llanddewibrefi
  • Pen-lon, Talsarn--sitting in the ingle nook
  • Rhiwgraidd, Lledrod--old type fireplace with ingle nook
  • Old Welsh kitchen in Montgomeryshire
  • A Bill  for  coal , lime and bricks total 33.1s.4d.dated 1888, from William Morgan[Coal, Lime, Brick and Manure Merchant], Garn House, Bow Street to Mr I J Rees, Brincaero
  • Tregaron--peat cutting
  • Old wooden Cardiganshire plough
  • Aberystwyth Silver Coins, 1638-42.
  • Aberayron Motor Service [C H Dierks Aberayron], c 1910 ?
  • Building the Lampeter, Aberaeron and New Quay railway, 1910
  • Llan-non, c 1912--corn harvest
  • Borth, c 1920--bread van
  • Aberystwyth, c 1920--steam lorry
  • Old dresser, the work of a mid Cardiganshire craftsman of the C18.
  • Poster advertising berths to America on the sailing ship 'Triton' of Cardigan [ David Rees, Master] departing from Cardigan for Quebec on 9th April 1842.
  • Llanbedr [Lampeter], plan, 1845
  • Llandysul village, plan, 1845
  • Poster advertising coach service  of James Hayward and Co from Aberystwyth to London , via Kington, dated 4 th June 1916.
  • Cwmystwyth Toll Gate , tolls list
  • Poster advertising Stage Coach to and from  Albion Tavern,Cardigan and Ivy Bush,Carmarthen, dated 27th Sept 1831

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Tai Unnos

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Some of the Tai Unnos on Mynydd Llanddewibrefi

The group on the Avon Camddwr, north to south;

  • Ffrwd-ar-gamddwr
  • Rhyd -y-meirch
  • Nant y gronw
  • Brithdir Bach
  • Brithdir
  • Rhydtalog

The group on the Avon Doethie;

  • Doethie Fach
  • Brobwll
  • Nant y benglog
  • Pen-lan
  • Tir-bach
  • Maes y betws
  • Nant y gwyddel
  • Nant y cae
  • Foel
  • Cnwc-gwyn
  • Gyrnos
  • Cnwceithinog
  • Cnwc-glas
  • Troed y cynnull

The group on the Avon Pysgotwr fawr/fach

  • Bryn Owen
  • Esgair-maen
  • Dol-las
  • Pysgotwr
  • Hafodunos

[Based on a diagram in " An Illustrated History of Cardiganshire"By W J Lewis, 1970 Gareth  12 Aug 2000 D]

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(Gareth Hicks)

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