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LLANDYSUL

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"LLANDYSSIL (LLAN-DYSUL), a parish, partly in the hundred of TROEDYRAUR, and partly in that of MOYTHEN, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 8 miles (E) from Newcastle Emlyn,on the road to Lampeter, containing 2724 inhabitants. This place derives its name from the dedication of its church to St. Tysilio, an eminent British saint who flourished during the earlier part of the sixth century. It is situated in the southern part of the county, bordering upon Carmarthenshire, and comprises nearly twenty-five thousand acres of land, forming two principal divisions, called respectively Llandyssil Is Cerdin and Llandyssil Uwch Cerdin, of which the former is in the hundred of Troedyraur, and the latter in that of Moythen...."  [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Biography

Evans, H.R. A Village Worthy Evan Isaac Thomas of Llandysul, His days (1823-1908) and Diary (1876-1885) Ceredigion (Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society) Vol. 4 No. 2 (1951). Here is an Index by Mike Thomas .    Also, the NLW have digitised the whole article which can be read online

Jones, Francis[Major]. Lloyd of Gilfachwen, Cilgwyn and Coedmore. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VIII, No 1, 1976

Morgan, D.Densil. Christmas Evans a'r Ymneilltuaeth Newydd (Christmas Evans and the New Nonconformity) , Gomer ,1991. In the early pages there is some detail of his family history, he was born at Esgerwen, Llandysul..

Business and Commerce records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at the NLW ;

 

Jones, J Tysul. J.D. Lewis [1859-1914] a Hanes Gwasg Gomer. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VIII, No 1, 1976

Cemeteries

Monumental inscriptions for Llandysul Parish -South (index only) and Llandysul Parish -North (index only) are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS
South
[Sant Tysul, Bethel, Capel Dewi, Capel Dewi Cofgolofn Rhyfel, Ebeneser, Y Graig, Horeb, Peniel, Seion, Tabernacl, Waunifor, Ysgol Sir Llandysul.]
North
[Carmel, Capel Coffa Llwynrhydowen, Hen Gapel Llwynrhydowen, Pantdefaid, Sant Ioan, Pont-sian, Tregroes]

Church History

St Ffraid, Tregroes -  photograph on Dyfed FHS

St John, Pontsian -  photograph on Dyfed FHS

St Tysul -  photograph on Dyfed FHS LLANDYSSUL, St. Tysilio 1829-1831   - on the Church plans online site

LLANDYSSUL, St. David 1833-1847  - on the Church plans online site  [Church unconsecrated because death of donor of site prevented its conveyance]

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Evans, HR. An unusual churchwarden's account book (NLW's site). Ceredigion, Vol II.  And; Llandyssul Church: Minute Book of the Vestry and Parish Meetings (NLW's site) Ceredigion, Vol I

Hughes, Ieuan T. and Jenkins, J.Raymond. The Church of St Tysul, Llandysul (NLW's site) Ceredigion (Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society) Vol 5 No 4 [ 1967].
"Early in the fifth century there came from the North of Britain a people of thrust and drive, sweeping down as far as the river Teifi. One of these was Ceredig, a member of the Cunedda family, who gave his name to Cardiganshire (Ceredigion).......On a dry patch near a fordable place on the Teifi, the meeting place of a number of tracks, Tysul (462-544) son of Corun, grandson of Ceredig ..... and cousin of David our patron saint, established his Landa. His retreat, and that of his successors was Cwmmeudwy..... The ancient altar with its early Christian incisions is still at this church......It must be regarded as an unique relic of Early Christianity in the country......"

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1798-1914 . Marriages 1755-1885 . Burials 1799-1925. Facsimile CMB 1722-65 NLW/Cer.RO
Copy typescript PR[extracts] CMB 1727-85 NLW.
PR CMB 1722-65 recorded in 1933 apparently lost. Diocesan records suggest that c.1790 this parish had registers going back to 1680.
Bishop's Transcripts;
1675, 1681-6, 1688-9, 1693, 1705, 1799, 1801-11, 1813-51, 1853-4, 1856-7, 1868-70, 1872-3, 1876-9 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

IGI has Baptisms 1799-1856. Marriages 1813-1837.

Nonconformist Chapels;  see Chapels database

Capel Dewi Chapelry [and modern parish];
Baptisms 1843-1932. Marriages 1843-1971. Burials 1843-1932 NLW/Cer.RO
See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Llandysul parish  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of  Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

Description of the parish of Llandysul  from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895 for Llandyssil parish

Llandysul and Pont Tyweli  site

Llandysul - on Wikipedia

Emigration and Immigration

Nixon, Laurel Holland.  John Rees Davies family, Cardiganshire to New Zealand . Tauranga, N.Z. : 1997. (Refers to the Llandysul area)

Walters, T Islwyn. American Civil War Diaries of David D Davies, Part 1. Dyfed FHS journal, Vol 7/7, April 2002. David Davies 's family emigrated c 1851 when he was 9 years old from Derlwyn, Llandysul. His  diaries were rewritten in Welsh in 1892 and have now been translated by his great grand daughter, Carol Mills of Houston, Texas.

Genealogy

Cardiganshire Families

Jones, J Tysul. John David Lewis a Hanes Gwasg Gomer  (NLW's site)   Ceredigion Vol VIII

History

See Not everyone knows this.. for snippets about this parish

Anon.  Ups and downs of Llandysul. Cwrs y Byd, 1893

Davies, W.J. Hanes Plwyf Llandyssul 1896 [The History of Llandysul], translated by Ivor Griffiths]. [LDS GS 832246]. Here is an Index by Gareth Hicks with a contents listing, and here are snippets from the book

Hughes, Ieuan T. The background of Llandysul (NLW's site) Ceredigion, Vol III

Llandysul ddoe [Llandysul yesterday]   Llandysul : Gomer, 1992. Photographs of people and places, mostly from c 1900 onwards.  Here  is an Index by Gareth Hicks

Martin, Audrey. Hanes Llwynrhydowen, Cardiganshire [The History of Llwynrhydowen, Cardiganshire]. Llandysul, Gomer.

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish spans pages 189-200 - apart from a general history of the parish there are sections covering; the Church (the last 3 incumbents were Rev Davies, Rev Thomas, Rev Hector Brown), Castell Hywell, Foeshelyg, Foes Escob, Allt yr Odyn, Cilvachwen Uchaf/Issaf, Panstreimon, Vairdref, Yr Henbant, Dyfryn Llynod, Dinas Cerdyn and Blaen Cerdyn, Wain Ivor, Camnant, Gellyvraith.

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Here is a list of farms in Llandysul parish in 1758

Held at the NLW ;

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Schools

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Social Life and Customs

Jenkins, David [Rev.Canon]. Memoirs of a Cardiganshire Boy. Cardiganshire FHS journal, Vol 2/7, Feb 2001.Written by the author who became Vicar of Abergwili,  he was born at Cilgraig, Capel Dewi in 1872 and died in 1941. A nice piece of social history.

 

This page has been partly compiled from material previously published in their journal
by kind permission of Cardiganshire Family History Society

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[Gareth Hicks: 7 March 2014]

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