"LLANVAIR ORLLWYN (LLAN-VAIR ORLLWYN), a parish in the upper division of the hundred of TROEDYRAUR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 4 miles (E.) from Newcastle-Emlyn, containing 394 inhabitants. This parish derives its name from the dedication of its church to St. Mary, and its distinguishing adjunct from its situation in a richly wooded district in the south-western part of the county : the road from Newcastle-Emlyn to Lampeter passes through it. It comprehends an extensive tract of arable and pasture land, which, with the exception of a very inconsiderable portion, is enclosed and in a state of good cultivation. The surrounding scenery is richly diversified, and, in some parts, pleasingly picturesque ; and the views from the higher grounds embrace some interesting features on the banks of the river Teivy, which flows near the parish. The living is a discharged rectory, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St.David's, rated in the king's books at £ 4.13.4., endowed with £ 600 royal bounty, and in the patronage of the Bishop. The church is a neat edifice, appropriately fitted up for the performance of divine service, but not possessing any important architectural details. The average annual expenditure for the maintenance of the poor is £115. 6."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]