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LLANFIHANGEL GENAU'R-GLYN

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"LLANVIHANGEL GENEU'R GLYN (LLAN-VI-HANGEL-GENAU-Y-GLYN), a parish in the upper division of the hundred of GENEU'R GLYN, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 5 miles (N. E.) from Aberystwith, comprising the townships of Ceulan and Maesmawr, Cyvoeth y Brenhin, Cynnullmawr, HÍnllys ,Scybor y Coed, and TÓrmynych, each of which supports its own poor, and containing 3576 inhabitants. This parish, which is situated on the shore of St.George's channel, is of considerable extent, and is watered by the rivers Lery, Ceulan , Maesmawr, Llyvnant, and Dyvi: the greater part of it is hilly, but that portion which is near the coast is rather flat...."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Cemeteries

Llandre/Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn  (under Heritage/Projects) -  This site has the MIs of both Old and New Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn Churchyards

Census

The Benjamin Indexes
These are held at Ceredigion Archives who are prepared to carry out a reasonable search, they are transcripts (& indexes) of the census for Aberystwyth and North Cardiganshire, prepared by the late Mr.Benjamin, and deposited at various locations including that office. They are very good transcripts, and represent a massive amount of work - inevitably there are a few small mistakes, but they are generally useful and accurate. They cover the period 1841-1881 and include the parishes of Llanbadarn Fawr, Llanfihangel y Creuddyn, Llanfihangel Geneu'r-glyn, Llancynfelyn, (bits of ) Llanbadarn y Creuddyn, Lanychaearn, Llanafan and others.
Also, the 1891 census for Aberystwyth only has been transcribed by William Howells, the County Librarian, and is also available at Ceredigion Archives .

Church History

St Michael's church  -  photograph on Dyfed FHS

St Michael's church, Eglwys-fach - photograph on Dyfed FHS

St Matthew's church, Borth -  photograph on Dyfed FHS

St David, Talybont - photograph on Dyfed FHS (under Llangynfelyn) LLANFIHANGEL GENEU'R GLYNN, St. Michael 1881-1885   - on the Church plans online site

BORTH, St. Matthew  1872-1880   - on the Church plans online site

EGLWYS FACH, St. Michael 1832-1834  - on the Church plans online site

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

 

Parish entry for Llanfihangel Geneu'r-Glyn from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

 

Parish entry for Eglwysfach from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

 

Brown, Roger L. A Cardiganshire incumbent writes to his London relations [Lewis Evans, vicar of Llanfihangel Genau'r-Glyn 1805-35] (NLW's site) Ceredigion XIII

Crefydd yn Nhalybont o'i Chychwyniad hyd diwedd, 1900. [Religion at Talybont from its Beginning Until its End, 1900]. Idris Press, 1900

Enoch, Randall Evans OBE. Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn - A Church History. Published by the  author in June 2002, pp172

Church Records

"Earlier registers are known to have once been in existence, but, it is said, were taken away to Shrewsbury to be produced at some trial, and were never returned to the parish"[G Eyre Evans, Cardiganshire and Its Antiquities, 207].

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1736-73, 1779-1979. Marriages 1736-1982[Banns 1823-1976]. Burials 1736-73, 1783-1927 NLW/Cer.RO
Copy ts PR M 1735-1837 with index NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1675, 1680-3, 1686, 1688-9, 1692, 1699, 1702-3, 1811, 1813-15, 1823-74, 1876-80, 1882 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg for;-

I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-74. Marriages 1811-37

Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database

Held at the NLW ;
Records, 1869-1967, relating to the Congregational churches at Borth, Bow Street and Clarach.

Eglwys-Fach chapelry;
Baptisms 1774-1992. Marriages 1754-1837 [Banns 1824-1990]. Burials 1784-1993   NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;  1813-69, 1877-8 NLW
I.G.I; Baptisms 1813-69. Marriages 1813-36.
Eglwys-Fach was formed  into a separate parish out of Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn in 1855. In 1814 the minister wrote "This chapel was built in the year 1623 and they say they baptised, married, and buried here since the said date.Therefore, the old registers have been lost here as in all other churches in the neighbourhood"[SD/Misc/873].

Borth [a parish formed out of Llanfihangel Genau'r-Glyn]
Baptisms 1913-93. Marriages 1887-1989. Burials 1892-1992 NLW/Cer.RO

Tal-y-Bont [ a parish formed out of Llanfihangel Genau'r-Glyn]
Baptisms 1922-92.  Marriages 1911-70  NLW

Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from  Cardiganshire Family History Society
Volume 1: Genau'r Glyn Hundred. Parishes covered: Aberystwyth St Michael, Eglwys Fach, Llanbadarn Fawr, Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn, Llangynfelyn, Ysbyty Cynfyn

Civil Registration

North Wales BMD  Births, Marriages and Deaths on the internet. Clwyd and Gwynedd Family History Societies, and Montgomeryshire Genealogical Society are collaborating with the local Registration Services to make the indexes to these records freely searchable via the Internet. Although the indexes are not yet complete for all years and districts, it is hoped that the database will eventually cover all North Wales births, marriages and deaths for the years 1837 to 1950.
The database includes
Machynlleth Registration District: Civil marriages 1838 to 1918 (3490 marriages) and this RD includes the following parishes; Machynlleth, Penegoes, Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn (part), Tywyn, Llanwrin, Cemmaes, Darowen, Llanbrynmair

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn as shown on the online parish map from the CD of  Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Lynne Kleingertner)

Description of Llanfihangel Genau'r-Glyn parish  from Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833

Descriptions of Llanfihangel Genau'r-Glyn Townships  from Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833

Castell Gwallter and the village of Llandre [Llandre is a small village some 5 miles north of Aberystwyth. It is more properly named Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn]

Talybont Community site

Llandre/Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895 entry for Eglwys Fach (Scybor-y-coed)

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895 entry for Tal-y-bont

 

The Official Guide to Borth, Cardiganshire . Issued under the auspices of the Borth Electors' & Ratepayers' Association, etc.Cheltenham,  1934-

Williams, JG.   Bow St ---- origin if its name. Bye-Gones, 1871-73

Genealogy

Cardiganshire Families - Eglwys Fach

Cardiganshire Families - Llanfihangel Genau'r-Glyn

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

 

Davies, Ceredig. A Fatal Mining accident. Cardiganshire FHS journal, Vol3/2 June 2002. The story of William Edwards's accidental death at Bwlchglas Mine in 1893.

Davies, Ceredig. A letter written by John David Lloyd to his daughter. Cardiganshire FHS journal, vol 3/2 Feb 2003. Centred on Talybont, gives an insight into life in a north Cardiganshire village before WWI.

Kaznowski, Helen. The Hughes Family of Llanfihangel Geneu'Glyn and Llancynfelin. Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 2/5, June 2000.[see also vol 1/1]

Kaznowski, Helen.  Morris Reginald, Gentleman, 1606-1678: Sheep farmer in North Cardiganshire.   Second Stages in Researching Welsh Ancestry. Edited by John & Sheila Rowlands. FFHS, 1999. ".......he lived all his life in the mountains of Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn and Llangynfelyn."

History 

Davies, Terry.    Borth: A Seaborn Village, Gwasg Carreg Gwalch 2004.  The seafaring history of Borth, lots of personal names, covers period to end of C19th.

Earthquake at Borth. Bye-Gones, 1871-3    1

Enoch, Randall Evans  OBE.      Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn - The History of a Community   March 2011.   Copies may be purchased  from: Roger Haggar  (rogerhaggar at llandre.org.uk) Tel. 01970 820314; or  Randall Enoch  (wendall at blueyonder.co.uk) Tel. 01970 828328.
This book is a secular history that complements that of the ecclesiastical parish - published in Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn - A Church History - 2002

Hughes, H Harold.  Some deeds relating to Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn and Llangynfelin. Arch Camb, 1917

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on pages 319/30; ....also called Llavihangl al castell Gwalter. The church is a vicarage, the last 5 incumbents were 1712 Howel Penry, 1730 ---Gwynne of Lanlery, 1780 William Powell of Nanteos, 1800 Richard Lloyd of Abertrinant, 1805 Lewis Evans of Llanbadarn Fawr. Sections on Ynys Hir, Penpontbren, Rhoscellan, Glanvraed, and Eglwys Fach chapelry (also called Llanvihangel Capel Edwin)

Rees, D Morgan. Industrial Archaeology in Cardiganshire. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society. Vol V/2, 1965. Has a section re Eglwys Fach and Bryndyfi [Neuaddlwyd] Lead Mine and Furnace village .he Bryndyfi or Neuaddlwyd lead mine , about a mile to the SSE of the village of Furnace, was typical of many of the small ventures which came to nought..........The village of Furnace, in common with a number of others in Wales, received its name from an industrial process---smelting--- pursued , at various times, on the west bank of the river Einion ...'

Thomas, Daniel. Dail yr Hydref sef adgofion am Dol-y-bont, Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn a Rhos-y-gell [The Leaves of Autumn or Recollections about Dol-y-bont, Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn and Rhos-y-gell] Denbigh, 1916

Land and Property

Colyer, R J. The enclosure and drainage of Cors Fochno (Borth Bog)  (NLW's site)   Ceredigion Vol VIII

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at the NLW ;

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Merchant Marine

Borth, A Maritime History -  Terry Davies's site

Davies, Terry.      Borth: a Seaborn Village.   Llanrwst, 2004

Davies, Terry.     Borth: A Maritime History. Llygad Gwalch Cyf (2009)

Jenkins, David. A Borth shipwreck (NLW's site) Ceredigion, i 2 : 198-9 (1951)

Recollections of a Master Mariner from Borth [ Thomas Davies]. Dyfed Family History Society journal August 1994, Vol 5, number 1, pages 16-21

Occupations

The People's Collection Wales site has material for this parish, use the onsite search box

 

Boyns, R E. The Bryndyfi mine (NLW's site) Ceredigion, viii 2 : 210-16 (1977)

Jenkins, J Geraint. Rural Industry in Cardiganshire. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VI, No 1, 1968.
Has a section relating to this parish and the woollen industry ;- 'In the first decade of the C19 machinery for carding began to make an appearance in north Cardiganshire . Textile factories were established to meet the needs of the lead miners; Those in Tal-y-bont included; Lower Mill; Cwm Mill, Leri Mills [1809],Ceulan Mills [1860]; Pandy. In Borth was Dol-y-Bont [enumerated in 1895]. In Llandre was Glanfread or Forge Mill [1830-1930] '

Public Records

Held at Ceredigion Archives ;

Schools

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

 

Samuel, David. Ysgol Llanfihangel Geneu'r Glyn . Cymru Vol 35 No VI 1894. pp. 277-284. Llanfihangel School Translated in 1998 by Randall Enoch. The original article is an account of the history of this school which operated from c1806 to 1870.  It tells of the schoolmasters, who were in the main ordinands awaiting training, and scholars some of whom went on to Oxbridge and became well-known clergy and ministers.  The old school building is still standing and is listed though it is now a private residence.  This article is a unique and very valuable resource.  It is in the NLW, copies available from the translator.

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Social Life & Customs

Briggs, Tess. Borth & Ynyslas Golf Club: Links with the Past. 2009  - charts its history from the 1870's to the present, illustrated with some photographs from the early C20th

Lewis,G.J. The Demographic Structure of a Welsh Rural Village (NLW's site) [Bow Street] during the mid 19th century. Ceredigion: Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society. . Vol V, No. 3 (1966)

Llwyd , Hefin. Bwrlwm Sioe (A history of the Tal-y-bont show, 1886≠96), bilingual, published in 1996 on the centenary of the show, by the Tal-y-Bont Show Committee. References to many local people, places and events over the 20th century

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[Gareth Hicks: 28 Nov 2012 ]

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