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LLANGEITHO

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"LLANGEITHO (LLAN-GEITHO), a parish in the lower division of the hundred of PENARTH, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 8 1/2 miles (N. by E.) from Lampeter, containing 377 inhabitants. This parish is beautifully situated on the river Aron by which it is bounded on the south, and comprehends an extensive tract of country, abounding with richly diversified scenery, combining almost every variety of rural and picturesque beauty. The village is sheltered nearly on all sides by hills of varied aspect, of which the declivities and summits are in some parts richly clothed with wood of luxuriant growth,and in others covered with verdure; and that part of it which is not shut in by the surrounding hills commands a fine prospect of the beautiful Vale of the Aeron...."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Church History

St Ceitho church - photograph on Dyfed FHS

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

Daniel Rowland - on Wikipedia

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Evans, E. Daniel Rowland and the Great Evangelical Awakening in Wales. Edinburgh, Banner of Truth, 1985

Jones, ED.  Hen lyfrau o Langeitho.   Cylch. Cymd. Hanes Meth. Calf. Cymru, Vol XXX

Morgan, Derec Llwyd.  Daniel Rowland (?1711-1790)  (NLW's site)   Ceredigion XI

Owen, John, d. 1867. A memoir of the Rev. Daniel Rowlands, late of Llangeitho,Cardiganshire. London : 1840, with an introduction containing a brief account of the chief supporters of religion in Wales, from the Reformation to the beginning of this century.

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1769-1950. Marriages 1761, 1770-1971. Burials 1769-1986  NLW/Cer.RO
Copy manuscripts PR C 1769-1832  M 1761-1812  B 1769-1812 NLW and ts PR M 1761-1837 with index NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1811, 1813-35, 1840-1, 1846-8, 1852-8, 1860-79, 1882, 1885-8 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-1869

Nonconformist Chapels;  

See Llanddewibrefi parish for details of Capel Gwynfil

Pen Uwch Welsh CM chapel

  • Pen Uwch Welsh CM chapel       SN59786225           Chapel built 1837, enlarged 1844, rebuilt 1867 & renewed 1888.     Sunday School built 1817.     Members; 172 in 1902         Records; 1. marriage registers 1935-64, 1965-69, 1972   NLW       2. see Gwynfil chapel        Still open 1998    (The Chapels Recording Project in Wales (RCAHMW) & Rawlins - see Notes on Church/Chapel Records page )
  • Pen-uwch CM    Mars 1935-64, 1965-9, 1972  NLW        ( Nonconformist Registers of Wales)
  • Photograph on Dyfed FHS
  • Still open in 2006
  •  
  • There are various references to this chapel in   Byr Hanes am Blwyf Nantcwnlle
  • Hanes Methodistiaeth, rhan ddeheuol Sir Aberteifi : oddechreuad y "Diwvgiad Methodistaidd" yn 1735 hyd 1900 . By John Evans.   Dolgellau , 1904. (Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church History in the southern part of Cardiganshire from 1735 to 1900) This book contains an entry for each CM chapel in existence in South Cardiganshire at the end of 1900, including this one. It includes a history of preaching in the area before the chapel was built, lists deacons, ministers etc, and contains a wealth of genealogical information.

Cwrt Mawr CM Sunday school

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Llangeitho  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of  Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Lynne Kleingertner)

Description of the parish of Llangeitho  from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895

Llangeitho - on Wikipedia

Genealogy

Morgan family of Parcrhydderch, Llangeitho c 1885  - on the People's Collection Wales site

 

Worthington, Parch D. Cofiant y Parch Daniel Rowland, Llangeitho. Carmarthen: 1923. People and places, includes a pedigree of the Rowlandses of Nantcwnlle and Llangeitho.

Davies, Peter. Cwrt Mawr in the C19 in the parish of Llangeitho. Dyfed FHS journal Vol 7, no 1, Apr/2000. The article includes a family tree of the Davies family of Cwrt Mawr.

Thomas, Rev Geoffrey Brynmor. The Williams Family of Dolau Aeron. Cardiganshire FHS journal vol3/5 June 2003. And vol 3/6 October 2003

History

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on pages 254/5;  "the church appears to have been once a place of some consequence... but the Calvinistic disciples seem to have had influence enough to deprive it of the greatest portion of its population and it ..... has gone to decay." The last 4 incumbents were 1731 Rev Daniel Rowlands, 1760 Rev John Rowlands, 1770 Rev Daniel Rowlandss, 1790 Rev John Rowlands. Mentioned are Glyn Aeron and Court Mawr farm-houses.

Williams, P . Hanes Llangeitho a'i hamgylchoedd, etc. Aberystwyth, 1859

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Occupations

Jenkins, J Geraint. Rural Industry in Cardiganshire. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VI, No 1, 1968. Contains a section re this parish and Lip-working; - 'The Pen-uwch district ... is an upland area of dispersed family farms famous ... for its long tradition of craftsmanship...many farmers, by tradition, made their own farm tools and equipment. The sledges used for carrying hay from upland fields, for example, were often built by hill farmers from the material growing on their own farms, while many made their own farm gates, hay rakes, ropes, and tool handles. ... simple home-made tools and equipment were well known on the farms ... objects for farm and domestic use were made from straw, bound into rolls with bramble strips and coiled into a receptacle. This category of work is known as lip-work, the word lip being a derivation of the Scandinavian term for coiled basketry....'

Schools

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

 

Hyatt, Jenni. Notes from the Logbook of Penuwch Board School, Cardiganshire 1879-1902.   Dyfed FHS journal Vol 8/6 August 2004

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[Gareth Hicks: 11 Dec 2012]

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