"LLANCYNVELYN (LLAN-GYNVELYN), a parish in the upper division of the hundred of GENEU'R-GLYN, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 9 miles (N. E. by N.) from Aberystwith, on the road to Machynlleth, containing 826 inhabitants. This parish, which abounds in mineral wealth, is situated on the river Dyvi, which is here navigable, and affords a facility for the exportation of lead-ore and bark, which are shipped from this place in great quantities, while timber, coal, and limestone, are imported for the supply of the neighbouring district. Mines of lead and copper are at present in operation, but to a very inconsiderable extent. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St.David's, and in the patronage of the Chichester family, of the county of Devon. The church, dedicated to St. Cynvelyn, a very ancient structure, and in a very dilapidated condition, was originally erected in the sixth century, and is about to be re-built by voluntary subscription. There are places of worship for Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodists. Mr. Thomas Owen, in 1731, bequeathed £10, the interest of which is distributed annually among the poor, according to the will of the testator. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £ 112.15." [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]
The Benjamin Indexes
These are held at Ceredigion Archives who are prepared to carry out a reasonable search , they are transcripts (& indexes ) of the census for Aberystwyth and North Cardiganshire, prepared by the late Mr.Benjamin, and deposited at various locations including that office. They are very good transcripts, and represent a massive amount of work - inevitably there are a few small mistakes, but they are generally useful and accurate. They cover the period 1841-1881 and include the parishes of Llanbadarn Fawr, Llanfihangel y Creuddyn, Llanfihangel Geneu'r-glyn, Llancynfelyn,(bits of ) Llanbadarn y Creuddyn, Lanychaearn, Llanafan and others.
Also, the 1891 census for Aberystwyth only has been transcribed by William Howells, the County Librarian, and is also available at Ceredigion Archives .
St Cynfelyn church - photograph on Dyfed FHS
Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants
Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).
See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page
Baptisms 1770-1861. Marriages 1754-1970 [Banns 1824-1968]. Burials 1770-1949. NLW/Cer.RO
Copy ts PR M 1754-1837 with index NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts; 1675, 1678-9, 1681-3, 1687-9, 1691, 1699, 1701-3, 1705, 1803, 1811-53, 1855-63, 1865-71, 1873-80, 1882, 1885-6 NLW
See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg
I.G.I; Baptisms 1803-1876
Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database
Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from Cardiganshire Family History Society
Volume 1: Genau'r Glyn Hundred. Parishes covered: Aberystwyth St Michael, Eglwys Fach, Llanbadarn Fawr, Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn, Llangynfelyn, Ysbyty Cynfyn
The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;
Places, villages, farms etc within Llangynfelyn as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Lynne Kleingertner)
Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895
With the kind permission of the publisher, these extracts are taken from "The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.
Kaznowski, Helen. The Hughes Family of Llanfihangel Geneu'Glyn and Llancynfelin. Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 2/5, June 2000.[see also vol 1/1]
Wood, Juliet. Bedd Taliesin (NLW's site) Ceredigion Vol VIII
The history of a community site, by Stephen Benham and Nigel Callaghan. This is a truly superb bi-lingual website, with lots of transcriptions of original records relating to Llangynfelyn including;
Census returns 1841-1901 , Memorial stones in the cemeteries , Parish registers , Chapel records
Maps , Electoral rolls , Wills & inventories , Property taxes and estate valuations , The parish schools
Tithe records , Descriptions and directories , Transport and roads , Periodicals , Parish notables
The mining industry , Law, crime and punishment , Miscellaneous documents , Taliesin's Grave
1910 Finance Act Valuation transcript, Gravestones in the old cemetery, the rest of the book 'Hanes Ysgol Llangynfelyn 1876-1976', some Council minutes, Cambrian News extracts for 1938
Hughes, H Harold. Some deeds relating to Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn and Llangynfelin. Arch Camb, 1917
Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;
Held at the NLW ;
Erglodd Mine, Tre-Taliesin, Llangynfelyn - on the Mindat.org site
Held at Ceredigion Archives;
Jenkins, Gwyn. Hetwyr Llangynfelyn (NLW's site) (Hatters of Llangynfelyn). Ceredigion, x 1 : 18-30 (1984)
Jones, J. R. (ed). Ysgol Llangynfelyn 18761976. Cyngor Llangynfelyn. 1976. This is a forty-page edited collection published by Llangynfelyn Parish Council on the occasion of the centenary of the school Most of the content is in Welsh, with a few articles in English . It also has many photos, including of all the children of the school at various times. It also contains articles of more general historical interest to the area such as "Rhai o Enwau Lleoedd Gogledd Ceredigion", which, of course, explains the history of many local names, such as how the village of Taliesin took that name in the mid 1800s after the nearby Bedd Taliesin, in preference to the previous 'Comins Y Dafarn Fach'.
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[Gareth Hicks: 28 Nov 2012]
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