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LLANLLWCHAEARN

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"LLANLLWCHAIRN (LLAN - LLWCHAIARN), a parish in the lower division of the hundred of MOYTHEN, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 17 miles (N. W. by W.) from Lampeter, containing 1178 inhabitants. This parish, which is situated on the shore of Cardigan bay, derives its name from the dedication of its church and, from its advantageous maritime position, has risen into some degree of notice, and is rapidly increasing in population and importance. Soles, turbot, and oysters are found in great abundance and of superior quality on this part of the coast, and a herring fishery might be advantageously established here, if an adequate demand existed. The trade of the place has already increased so much as to give rise to the establishment of the small port of New Quay (described under its own head), which has already attained a considerable degree of celebrity, and maintains a regular intercourse with Bristol. The living is a discharged rectory, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St. David's, rated in the king's books at 6.7.8 1/2., and in the patronage of the Bishop of St. David's. The church, dedicated to St. Llwchaiarn is an ancient edifice, consisting of a nave and chancel, which are separated by a pointed arch : the font, which is of great antiquity, is square, and ornamented at each angle with a human head ; and in the churchyard are the remains of a stone cross. There are places of worship for Independents and Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodists.A small Sunday school for the gratuitous instruction of the poor is supported by subscription. There are some trifling vestiges of an ancient earthwork, called Pencastell, in this parish. The poor are supported by an average annual expenditure amounting to 338.1."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Business and Commerce records

Held at the NLW ;

Cemeteries

Monumental inscriptions for St Llwchaiarn Church, New Quay are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS

Church History

Holy Cross, Cross Inn - photograph on Dyfed FHS

St Llwchaiarn - photograph on Dyfed FHS LLANLLWCHAIARN, St. Llwchaiarn 1863-1868   - on the Church plans online site

CROSS INN, Mission Church, LLANLLWCHAIARN  1871   - on the Church plans online site

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

 

Evans, H.           The parish church of Llanllwchaiarn.          Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society    Vol 7  1930     Welsh Journals Online

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1720-1913. Marriages 1720-1837 [Banns 1823-70]. Burials 1720-1898 NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1674, 1678, 1680-1, 1684-8, 1699-1700, 1702, 1799-1800, 1802-4, 1806-74 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1799-1874

Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Llanllwchaearn    as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

Description of the port of New-Quay from from Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833.

New Quay - an information site

 

New Quay, Cardiganshire. The official guide, etc. [With illustrations and a map.].Cheltenham & London, 1958

The Story of New Quay, Cardiganshire, etc. [With illustrations.]. New Quay, 1933

Lewis, William John. New Quay and Llanarth .Aberystwyth, 1987. Here is an index by Mary Jane Stephenson.    There is also an index to this book on the Ceredigion Library site

Genealogy

Cardiganshire Families

 

Passmore, Susan Campbell. A century of 'embezzlers' : the occurrence of the unusual surname Reculat in the parishes of Llanllwchaearn, Llanina and Llannarth (Cardiganshire) between 1670 and 1780 . Dyfed Family History Journal 3/3 (1989), p. 64-6

Wickham, Martin & Joan. Evan Evans, Postmaster and his family, Cross Inn , Llanllwchaearn.  Dyfed Family History Society journal April 1994, Vol 4, number 9, pages 370-372
Further researches on the Post Office family, Cross Inn, Llannarth, Llandysiliogogo and Llanllwchaearn . Dyfed Family History Society journal April 1995, Vol 5, number 3, pages 114-116

History

There is an article re Siani Pob Man  (Jane Everywhere) (1834-1917) on the Ceredigion Library site
See also Cwmgors/Waun picture gallery

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Books marked * have an entry on the separate 'Review/Contents' page.

Davies, D. J. Hanes, hynafiaethau ac achyddiaeth Llanarth, Henfynyw, Llanllwchaiarn a Llandyssilio-gogo. Caerfyrddin, W. Spurrell (1930) [BM YA.1995.b.886].Many family trees, lists taken from parish records etc.,details of well known men, much text in Welsh but some English.

Evans, Myra. Atgofion Ceinewydd [Newquay]. 1961 . Here is a review and an index by Mary Jane Stephenson   There is also an index to this book on the Ceredigion Library site

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The brief section relating to this parish is on page 239; the church is a rectory, the incumbent was the Rev Mr David Jenkins.

*Passmore, Susan . Farmers and Figureheads . Dyfed County Council :1992. An essential and informative book for anyone with ancestors in New Quay and surrounding areas in Cardiganshire in the 19th century.Of particular value is the list of ships that were built or sailed from New Quay but, in addition to all the information to do with the sea and associated trades, there are details of farming, education, religion and politics.

Passmore, Susan . One Village's War; New Quay 1939-1945 . Published 1995

Passmore, Susan . Newquay at the time of the 1851 census. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol X ,No 3, 1986.

Williams, Boyd. A Ride Through History. Cardiganshire FHS  journal vol 2/9, Oct 2001. The author rides around the New Quay area on his horse,Tywysog, and describes some of the places he sees.

Land and Property

Passmore, Susan. Vanished cottages in the Maen-y-groes area, New Quay. Dyfed Family History Journal 5/9 , April 1997.

Manors

Passmore, Susan. Manorial Records of Caerwedros, Cardiganshire. After Edward 1's  conquest of Wales the commot of Caerwedros  became a Crown manor comprising the present day parishes of Llangrannog, Llandysiliogogo, Llannarth, Llanina and Llanllwchaearn.Dyfed Family History Journal 5/6 (Apr 1996), p. 227-230

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Merchant Marine

Held at the NLW ;

 

Campbell-Jones, Susan. Shipbuilding at New Quay. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VII, No 3/4, 1974/5

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Schools

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

Taxation

Passmore, Susan Campbell. The 1670 hearth tax of Llanllwchaearn, and some contemporary wills. Dyfed Family History Journal 5 (1994), p. 71-8

 

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[Gareth Hicks: 12 Dec 2012]

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