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LLANYCHAEARN

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"LLANYCHAIARN  (LLAN - LLWCHAIARN), a parish in the lower division of the hundred of ILAR county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 1 Mile (S.) from Aberystwith, containing 688 inhabitants. This parish is bounded on the west by the bay of Cardigan, and on the north and east by the river Ystwith; and the road from Aberystwith to Cardigan passes through it from north to south, crossing the Ystwith by a romantic bridge, from which there is a fine view up its vale, with the remains of the ancient fortress of Llanychaiarn castle in the foreground...."
 [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Census

The Benjamin Indexes
These are held at Ceredigion Archives who are prepared to carry out a reasonable search, they are transcripts (& indexes) of the census for Aberystwyth and North Cardiganshire, prepared by the late Mr.Benjamin, and deposited at various locations including that office. They are very good transcripts, and represent a massive amount of work - inevitably there are a few small mistakes, but they are generally useful and accurate. They cover the period 1841-1881 and include the parishes of Llanbadarn Fawr, Llanfihangel y Creuddyn, Llanfihangel Geneu'r-glyn, Llancynfelyn, (bits of ) Llanbadarn y Creuddyn, Lanychaearn, Llanafan and others.
Also, the 1891 census for Aberystwyth only has been transcribed by William Howells, the County Librarian, and is also available at Ceredigion Archives .

Church History

Gospel Anglican chapel - photograph on Dyfed FHS

Mission church, Figure Four - photograph on Dyfed FHS

St Hychan - photograph on Dyfed FHS

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Schlenther, Boyd Stanley. Llanychaearn Parish Church . Aberystwyth : 1988?

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1803-1993. Marriages 1754-1971 [Banns 1825-86]. Burials 1805-1992  NLW/Cer.RO
Diocesan records suggest that c 1790 this parish had PR going back "about 40 years".
Copy ts PR M 1754-1837 with index NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1689, 1702-3, 1811-19, 1823-5, 1827-48, 1850-80, 1882,1893 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-75

Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from  Cardiganshire Family History Society Volume 3: Ilar (Lower) Hundred . Parishes covered: Cilcennin, Henfynyw, Llanbadarn Trefeglwys, Llanddeiniol, Llanddewi Aberarth, Llangwyryfon, Llanrhystud, Llansantffraid, Llanychaiarn, Trefilan

Nonconformist Chapels;  

Blaenplwyf CM chapel, Blaenplwyf

  • Blaen-plwyf  Welsh CM chapel, Blaenplwyf village / Pont Llanio      SN57617550 & SN56847482 (see below)    Started 1802, chapel built 1819 , (re)built 1878/9.     Members; 130 in 1874        Records;   1. births & bapts 1808-37 PRO     2. register of bapts 1808-77  NLW        Still open 1998      (From The Chapels Recording Project in Wales  & Rawlins - see Notes on Church/Chapel Records page)
  • Blaenplwy (sic) Chapel    Calfinistic Methodist          Erected in 1819     William Rowlands, Cwrt-y-cwm, Llanychaiarn     (1851 Religious census, see above)
  • Blaen-plwyf CM      Baqpts 1808-37  PRO     Bapts 1808-77  NLW       ( Nonconformist Registers of Wales  - see Notes on Church/Chapel Records page)
  • Davies, Rev. William Llewellyn (Welsh Calvinistic Methodist) resident in parish      1895 (6)
  • Rowlands, William. Hanes cychwyniad yr achos ym Mlaenplwyf, Sir Aberteifi. Cylch. Cymd. Hanes Meth. Calf. Cymru, Vol XXIII
  • Photograph on Dyfed FHS
  • Blaenplwyf CM chapel - still open in 2006
  • Here is an extract from an article on the Ceredigion Archives site - Newsletter for March 1999
    ".............. an article on early Methodism in Cardiganshire written in 1859 by William Rowlands, "Cwrt-y-Cwm". The congregation had been holding services in a small cottage called "Corn" from 1803 up to 1818. At this time they approached the steward of "Nanteos", a Mr. Armstrong, with a view to leasing a piece of land so that they could build a chapel. According to William Rowlands, Colonel Powell, the owner of "Nanteos" obliged them by offering an acre of land for the sum of rent of one guinea a year. In 1819 the building of the chapel, by local craftsmen, commenced, with donations from the community making the work possible. The chapel was called "Blaenplwyf' as it was the first property on the main road to Aberystwyth in the village of Llanychaearn, the next parish being Llanddeiniol. Eventually the village of "Pont Llanio" adopted the name after a larger chapel was built there around 1880 ; this became necessary when the congregation increased during the religious revival."

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Llanychaearn parish   as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895

Description of the parish of Llanychaearn  from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

Genealogy

Hughes, John. EVANS of Llanychaiarn, CGN. Ancestral research, through the probate of wills in St. David's diocese, of the Evans family of Berthrees farm, Llanychaiarn, CGN. The period covered is the 18th to 19th centuries with connections to the author. Dyfed FHS journal 1995.

Hughes, John. MORGAN of Llanychaiarn, CGNA chance glimpse of the name of a farm, on an Internet mailing list, led to contact between previously unknown collateral descendants of John & Elizabeth Morgans of Tynyfron farm, Llanychaiarn, CGN. Dyfed FHS journal 2000

Hughes, John. Who was who ? A tale of descendants of Morgans families of Llanychaiarn, Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 3/9 Oct 2004

Palmer, Caroline. Matthew Lewis Vaughan Davies  - ambitious  cad or assiduous politician?     (NLW's site)   Ceredigion XIV

History

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on pages 282/84; the last 5 church incumbents were 1730 John Edwards, 1763 Isaac Williams, 1768 David Price, 1783 Richard Lloyd, 1805 Richard Morgan. Mention of Morva. Section on Aberllolwyn estate.

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at the NLW ;

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

 

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[Gareth Hicks: 10 Dec 2012]

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