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SILIAN

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"SILIAN (SULIEN), a parish in the upper division of the hundred of MOYTHEN, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 2 miles (N. by W.) from Lampeter, containing 327 inhabitants. This parish, which is situated in the south-eastern portion of the county, derives its name from the saint to whom its church is dedicated, who flourished during the earlier part of the sixth century. It comprises but a moderate extent of arable and pasture land, which is partly enclosed : the surface is varied, and the soil is in some parts tolerably fertile. The village is in some degree enlivened by its situation on the great turnpike roads leading from Aberystwith, in this county, and from Rhaiadr, in the county of Radnor, to Lampeter. The living is consolidated with the vicarage of Llanwnnen in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St. David's. The church, dedicated to St. Sulien, and very romantically situated, is an ancient edifice, not distinguished by any architectural details of importance: it consists of a nave and chancel, and the font, which is circular, and of antique design, is ornamented with four human faces. In the churchyard there is a rudely sculptured monument of stone, now scarcely a foot above the surface of the ground, ornamented on one side with Runic knots, and on the other with zig-zag lines. A Sunday school, which is gratuitously superintended by some of the parishioners, is supported by subscription. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is 89.12."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Church History

St Sulien - photograph on Dyfed FHS SILIAN, St. Sulien 1838-1840  - on the Church plans online site

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

 

Parish entry for Llanwnen with Silian from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1776-91, 1813-1964. Marriages 1813-1970 [Banns 1830-4, 1838-48]. Burials 1776-91, 1813-1984 NLW with copies of some dates at Cer.RO
CM 1792-1812 in churchwarden's account book 1792-1852 recorded in 1933 seemingly lost. Some entries CB 1776-91 in PR Llanwenog covering 1722-1812.
Bishops Transcripts;
1683-6, 1689, 1702, 1705, 1802, 1811, 1813-16, 1820, 1823-37, 1840-72, 1874-80, 1882, 1885-8 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-75

Nonconformist Chapels;  

Bethel Baptist chapel, Tanygraig

  • Bethel Welsh Baptist Chapel, Tanygraig          SN57775083            Started 1654, first chapel built 1735, present chapel built 1831, renovated 1952.     Members; 80 in 1840      Records; see Records of Aberduar, Llanybydder 1751-1857  NLW                Still open 1998         (The Chapels Recording Project in Wales  & Rawlins - see Notes on Church/Chapel Records page )
  • Bethel  Baptist              Erected about the year 1833           Timothy Davies, Deacon     (1851 Religious census)
  • Photograph on Dyfed FHS
  • On contacts list on Ceredigion Library site (2007)

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Silian  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895

With the kind permission of the publisher, these selected extracts below are taken  from " The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.

Land and Property

Documents held at the NLW :

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Schools

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

 

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[Gareth Hicks -  2 April 2013]

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