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YSBYTY YSTWYTH

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"YSPYTTY-YSTWITH, a parish in the upper division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 13 miles (S. E. by E.) from Aberystwith, containing 472 inhabitants. The name is derived from an ancient hospitium formerly existing here, which is supposed to have belonged to the Knights Hospitallers, and its adjunct from its situation on the banks of the river Ystwith. The parish, which is also bounded on the east by the small rivers Marchnad and Meuric, comprises about four thousand acres, one-half of which is waste land..."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Church History

YSPYITTY YSTWYTH, St. John the Baptist 1872-1876  - on the Church plans online site

St John the Baptist - photograph on Dyfed FHS

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

 

Parish entry for Yspytty Ystwyth with Ystrad Meurig from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1781-1915 . Marriages 1782-1956. Burials 1781-1886, 1897-1916, 1928-92  NLW/Cer.RO
Copy ts PR M 1782-1837 with index  NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1682, 1811, 1813-53, 1858-79, 1884-93 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-75

Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from  Cardiganshire Family History Society Volume 2: Ilar (Upper) Hundred . Parishes covered: Eglwys Newydd, Gwnnws, Llanafan, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, Llanilar, Lledrod, Rhostīe, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Ystrad Meurig

Nonconformist Chapels;

Maes-glas CM chapel

  • 1. Maesglas CM chapel      SN73237144          Sabbath school at Lletty Howell in 1811    Chapel built in 1818/9, rebuilt 1845 and replaced as a chapel 1874, but continued as Sunday School.    The Sunday School reverted to a chapel after 2001, but this has also now closed (2003).    Members; 150 in 1851      Records; 1. births & bapts 1821-37 PRO & in IGI    2.  pew rent book 1845-96   NLW    3. see Penuel, Pontrhydfendigaid 
    2. Maesglas CM chapel        SN73187130      Chapel built ca. 1874         Demolished by 2006
    This Calvinistic Methodist Chapel replaces two earlier chapels of the same name, one now a pair of semi-detached houses, the other used as a Sunday School.
    (The Chapels Recording Project in Wales & Rawlins - See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page )
  •  
  • See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg
  •  
  • Ysytty (sic) Ystwyth Chapel, Ysbytty [Ystwyth deleted] Estrad Meurig     CM       The first chapel erected in 1818, the second in 1845         David Morgan, Minister    (1851 Religious census)
  • Maes-glas CM chapel   Bapts 1821-37 PRO    ( Nonconformist Registers of Wales - See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page )
  • Photograph on Dyfed FHS  

Capel Saeson  Wesleyan Methodist (Lisburne Mines), Pontrhydygroes 

  • Capel Saeson  Wesleyan Methodist (Lisburne Mines), Pontrhydygroes     SN73277293     Built in 1852, not still open 2002        (The Chapels Recording Project in Wales)
  • Capel Saeson, New Rd, Pontrhydygroes [Lisburne Mines chapel] - See  Capeli (2005 list of chapels under threat)

 Bethel (Salem?)  Wesleyan Methodist chapel, Pontrhydygroes

  • Bethel Wesleyan Methodist chapel, Pontrhydygroes  (called Salem in Rawlins)          Chapel built 1810, rebuilt 1841 & renewed 1874-5      A segmental slate plaque is inscribed "Capel y Trefnyddion Wesleyaidd/ Bethel/1874".      Part of Aberystwyth circuit until 1860, then Ystumtuen circuit              Records; see Aberystwyth circuit under Soar, Aberystwyth and Ystumtuem circuit under Salem, Llanbadarn Fawr           Not still open 2001 (undergoing conversion residential.).    
    Bethel (1) was built in 1810 and Bethel (2) in 1841.   SN73967244  &   SN73917241
     (The Chapels Recording Project in Wales & Rawlins - See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page )

Maen-Arthur CM Sunday school, Pontrhydygroes

  •  Maen-Arthur CM Sunday school, Pontrhydygroes           SN73457289     School Chapel built 1871         Not stilll open 1998 (residential).  (The Chapels Recording Project in Wales)

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Ysbyty Ystwyth parish  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of  Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Dewi Evans)

Description of the parish of Ysbyty Ystwyth  from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895

Genealogy

Cardiganshire Families

 

Jones, Daryl. JONES of Ysbyty Ystwyth. Dyfed FHS journal,Vol 7/96 . An advertisement in a newspaper, regarding the author's grandfather, led to an ancestral tree researched back to the eighteenth century

History

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The brief section relating to this parish is on page 273; Y Spytty Ystwyth - or the hospitium of the Ystwyth.

Land and Property

Held at the NLW ;

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Occupations

Frongoch Mine. "The Frongoch Lead & Zinc Mine is situated about 2 miles from Pontrhydygroes in mid Wales. The history and surface remains have been well documented in an excellent book by David Bick......"

Hendre Felen Mine - on the Mindat site

Esgair Mwyn Mine - on the Mindat site

Glogfach & Glogfawr mines. "These mines are situated near Pontrhydygroes from where the deep adit is driven".

 

Bick David . Frongoch Lead and Zinc Mine N.M.R.S. British Mining No. 30

Schools

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

 

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[Gareth Hicks: 11 Dec 2012]

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