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CARMARTHEN [CAERFYRDDIN]

Parish based
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hundred

"Carmarthen is a Fair & Populous Town, & of good resort; scituate on Navigable Towy, with a very commodious Key for small Vessels. It is plentifully supplyed with Salmon & other Fish, from the said river, and with Flesh, Fowl, &c. from ye Country adjacent, at a very reasonable rate. It had formerly Walls and a very strong Castle which were repaired with considerable additions by Gilbert de Clare, for ye defence of ye Town, which had been often beseiged and burnt by ye Welsh Princes Griffyd ap Rhys & his Brother Rhys. The Corporation (which sends a Member to Parliament) consists of a Mayor, 2 Sheriffs and 6 Aldermen, a Town Clerk, Sword Bearer and 2 Serjeants at Mace, &c. Here flourished ye famous British Merlin ano. 480, who for his Extraordinary learning in those times, and some skill in ye Mathematicks was reputed a Prophet, or Magician." [From Emanuel Bowen's Britannia Depicta, 1720.]

Biography

Dale-Jones, Edna. Daniel Mainwaring, statuary and marble mason: builder of the Picton Monument. Carmarthenshire Antiquary 25 (1989), p. 61-75

Dale-Jones, Edna. A portrait of three nineteenth-century Carmarthen families. Carmarthenshire Antiquary 26 (1990), p. 57-71 [Williams, John, of Carmarthen, 1817-1891, Patrick, David James, of Carmarthen, 1822-1899, Rees, William, of Carmarthen, 1812-1898]

Dale-Jones, Edna. Jeffreys Family of Carmarthen. Carmarthenshire Antiquary 29 (1993), p. 73-88

Davies, Florence, and Dale-Jones, Edna. A family memoir. Carmarthenshire Antiquary 29 (1993), p. 89-92

Fletcher, Eric. The Journal of Thomas Rees, Carmarthen. Dyfed FHS journal, Vol7/6 Dec 2001. References to the book 'A Journal of Voyages and Travels by the late Thomas Rees, Serjeant of Marines' (1822)

Huws, Richard E. A history of the House of Spurrell, Carmarthen, 1840-1969. (facsim.) Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International, 1985. 2 v; 28cm.
"Messrs W. Spurrell and Son (House of Spurrell) was a firm of printers and publishers based in Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire. The imprint was active in the 19th century, and was abandoned in 1969. Richard Huws researched the history of the firm for his F. L. A. thesis in 1981." [From Archives Network Wales]

Huws, Richard E. The Lawrence family of Carmarthen and their contribution to the book trade, 1796-1940, Journal of the Welsh Bibliographical Society, [1986].

Istance, Jane. The Istance family among the craftsmen and women of Carmarthen. Dyfed Family History Journal 3 (1991), p. 328-9

Williams, Derek. Carmarthen ancestors: the Leighs and their Carmarthen relations. Dyfed Family History Journal 4 (1993), p. 230-40

Business and Commerce Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at Carmarthen Archives;

Census

Dyfed FHS publishes an index to the 1851 census.

Church History

CARMARTHEN, Christ Church 1864-1869   - on the Church plans online site

CARMARTHEN, St. David 1852-1856   - on the Church plans online site CARMARTHEN, St. John the Evangelist 1888-1890  - on the Church plans online site

LLANLLWCH, St. Luke  1869-1870  - on the Church plans online site

See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data re St Peter's Church

St Peter's Parish Church site

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

 

Parish entry for Carmarthen St David from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books)).

Parish entry for Carmarthen St Peter from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books)).

 Parish entry for Llanllwch from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books)).

There is a brief account of the history of the church on the home page of St Peter's, Carmarthen

Edwards-Beynon, Glyn. English Congregational Church ... Carmarthen: a short history. Carmarthen: English Congregational Church, [1964?] [10]p: ill, ports; 23cm.

Evans, Nan, and Gravelle, Ken. The English Congregational Church, Carmarthen: "this beautiful little place of worship". [Carmarthen]: [English Congregational Church?], [1999?] viii, 73p: ill, ports; 21cm.

Griffiths, G. Milwyn. A Visitation of the Archdeaconry of Carmarthen, 1710   National Library of Wales journal. 1974, Summer Vol XVIII/3. Includes the parishes of Carmarthen, St Peter's and Llan Llwch

Jones, J.T. Cymell y latent powers, 1890-1900. In 100 mlwyddiant adroddiadau blynyddol eglwys Heol Awst, Caerfyrddin: adroddiad blynyddol am y flwyddyn 1990, pp.3-9, Caerfyrddin, (1990).

Jones, M H [Rev]. Dechreuad Methodist Caerfyrddin [ Methodist Beginnings in Carmarthen]. 1908

Llawlyfr Undeb Caerfyrddin a'r Cylch [The Carmarthen District Union Handbook]. John Penry Press ; Swansea, 1965 [ LDS GS 942.9 A1 #4]

Lodwick, Joyce, and Lodwick, Victor. St. Peter's Parish Church (Carmarthen, Wales) Carmarthen: V.G. Lodwick and sons, 1976. 39p: ill, plan; 19cm.

Owen, J. Dyfnallt. Hanes eglwys Heol Awst, Caerfyrddin, (Caerfyrddin, 1926), 102p.

Randall, Alan. The Passionists at Carmarthen 1889-1986: a commemorative booklet. [s.l.]: Congregation of the Passion, 1986. 38p: ill, ports; 15x22cm.

Stephens, J. Oliver. Hanes canrif gyntaf eglwys Heol Undeb, Caerfyrddin, 1844-1947, (Caerfyrddin, 1954), 32p.

A church is born: the story of the formation, establishment and development of Carmarthen Evangelical Church. Evangelical Magazine of Wales 32/2 (1993), p. 2-3

The story of Eglwys Efengylaidd Caerfyrddin: the Welsh Evangelical Church, Carmarthen. Evangelical Magazine of Wales 33/2 (1994), p. 10

Church Records [St Peter]

Parish registers: Christenings (1671-1923), Marriages (1671-1916), Banns (1823-1915) and Burials (1671-1885) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.

Bishops' Transcripts, covering the period (1675-6, 1678, 1682-3, 1686, 1691-4, 1701, 1704, 1707, 1712-13, 1719-22, 1728-36, 1739-40, 1742-3, 1749-63, 1767-93, 1796-1800, 1802-58, 1860, 1862-1901) are at the National Library of Wales, and have been microfilmed by the LDS.

Copy of the BT/PRs: Christenings (1671-94, 1699-1746, 1748-99), Marriages (1671-94, 1699-1745, 1748-99 Burials (1671-94, 1699-1745, 1748-99) West Wales Historical Records, 7-14 (1918-29).

Copy ts CMB (1671-1799 from WWHR and ts PR M index 1671-1800 are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.

Manuscript copies of PRs: Christenings and Burials (1671-90, 1699-1812) and Marriages (1671-90, 1699-1754) are at the National Library of Wales.

Copy ts PR index C (1841-51) M (1813-37, 1841-51) are at the NLW

Marriage index for this parish - see Dyfed Marriages, 1813-1837, Vol. 16 - Kidwelly Hundred (Dyfed Family History Society, c1989).

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg for

Held at Carmarthen Archives;
Indices of marriage notices for Carmarthen 1857-1859.

An index to Marriages (1671-1837) is included in the South And West Wales Genealogical Index CD-ROM - details under Genealogy on Carmarthenshire county page.

Nonconformist Chapels:

 

Carmarthen/Caerfyrddin , St David [formed out of St Peter 1844]
Christenings (1841-1965) Marriages (1842-1876) and Christ Church (1873-1971)  Burials (1841-1952) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.
Copy ts PR index CMB (1841-51) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office and the NLW.
Bishops' Transcripts ; 1841-5 at NLW

Held at Carmarthen Archives;

Court Records

Ireland, Richard W. Breay, Claire. Hard labour on a hard disk: Carmarthen's register of felons on computer. Carmarthenshire Antiquary 29 (1993), p. 61-6

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Carmarthen  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of  Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Merv Thomas)

Carmarthen Castle on Castle Wales

Carmarthen - on Wikipedia

A pictorial and descriptive guide to South Wales: including Brecon, Newport, Cardiff, Vale of Neath, Swansea, Gower, Carmarthen, Llandovery, Tenby, Pembroke, Fishguard, Cardigan, New Quay, Aberystwyth, etc. (4th ed.), London, Ward, Lock & co., Ltd. (1925) 192, 80 p., front., ill., maps, plans, plates.

Carmarthen District Council. Carmarthen/Caerfy[r]ddin: official guide, Gloucester, British Publishing (1982) 76 p., ill. (some col.), 2 maps (some col.) [ISBN: 0714020052 (pbk)]

Directories

Hunt, E.C. Directory and Topography for the Cities of Gloucester and Bristol: and the towns of Carmarthen, Kidwelly, Laugharne, Llanelly, and St. Clears [etc.]., London, B.W. Gardiner (1849) iv, 558 p.

Pigot & Co. South Wales Directory for 1830. Here are Extracts relating to Carmarthen  parish [with the village of Abergwilly and neighbourhoods]

Pigot & Co. South Wales Directory for 1844. Here are Extracts relating to Carmarthen  parish [with the village of Abergwilly and neighbourhoods]

Genealogy

Carmarthenshire Families

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Sundry resources available on microfiche for purchase from Dyfed FHS include;

Huws, Richard E. Olrhain symudiadau cynnar teulu Spurrell. Dyfed Family History Journal 2/4 (1986), p. 19-22 [Spurrell Family of Carmarthen]

Huws, Richard E. Tracing the early movements of the Spurrell family. Dyfed Family History Journal 2/4 (1986), p. 110-3

Jones, Mairwen Gwynn. I Ga'fwrddin Taliesin 55 (1986), p. 61-6 [White Family of Carmarthen]

Morgan,T L. Three came to Carmarthen. Dyfed FHS journal Vol 5, no 4, Aug 1995, p 169-171.[Features Owen Morgan, John Morgan, William Baldwin]

History

Carmarthen - in Arthurian History

The Black Book of Carmarthen - on the Digital Mirror site

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

 

Davies, Alan H. Old Carmarthen. Llandysul: Gomer, 1984. [88]p: chiefly ill; 20x24cm. [ISBN 0863831710]

Davies, John. The Carmarthen Book of Ordinances: 1569-1606. [Carmarthen]: Carmarthenshire Antiquarian Society, [1996?] xi, 55p; 30cm. [ISBN 0906972043]

Dyfed (Wales) Cultural Services Department. Caerfyrddin a rhan isaf Dyffryn Tywi mewn hen luniau (Carmarthen and the lower Tywi Valley in old photographs). Gloucester: Sutton, 1989. [160]p: chiefly ill; 22cm. [ISBN 0862996902]

Hurst, Basil. Carmarthen remembered. Country Quest (May 1995), p. 32-3

Jones, D J V. The Carmarthen Riots of 1831.    (NLW's site)   The Welsh History Review, iv, 2, 1968

Jones, E. Vernon. A leap into Carmarthen past. Carmarthenshire Antiquary, vol. XXIX, 1993.

Lewis, B. A. Caerfyrddin (1893-1937): portread o dref (Carmarthen (1893-1937): portrait of a town). [Caerfyrddin]: Adran Gwasanaethau Diwylliannol Cyngor Sir Caerfyrddin, 1996. vii, 33p: chiefly ill(some col), maps, ports; 21x21cm. [ISBN 0906821320]

Lloyd, Sir John E., (Ed.). A History of Carmarthenshire (2 vols.), Cardiff, London Carmarthenshire Society (1935, 1939). Extracts from this book can be accessed on some parish pages.

Lloyd-Johnes, H J. Account Book of Thomas Morgan of Carmarthen . The National Library of Wales Journal. Vol. IX, No. 1 (Summer 1955). Here is a complete extract of this article

Lodwick, Malcolm and Edith. The Story of Carmarthen. Carmarthen, 1953. See here for details of its Contents and Illustrations

Lodwick, Joyce and Victor. The Story of Carmarthen . 1994. In 2000 now in  3rd edition which been completely rewritten and expanded.

Molloy, Pat. A Shilling for Carmarthen: The Town They Nearly Tamed, Gomer Press (1980) 201 p.

Molloy, Pat. Four Cheers for Carmarthen : The Other Side of the Coin. 1981 (Gomer Press). 218pp. numerous b/w illus. maps on endpapers. life in C19th Carmarthen.

Spurrell, W. Carmarthen and its Neighbourhood.  Carmarthen, William Spurrell, 1879, 219 p. Reprinted: Dyfed Co. Council, Cultural Services Dept (1995) [The main chapters are: Churches and Chapels; Other Public Buildings; Educational Establishments; Walks, Country Strolls and Excursions. However it contains on pages 111-172 a fascinating chronological list of local events.]

Williams, Dominic (ed).   Carmarthen. Ottakar's Local History Series,Tempus, Stroud 2002. 128p. ISBN 0 7524 2670 2. Mainly 20th  reminiscences of the area. There are seven chapters about the history of Carmarthen and district, rural life, education, health, crime and  punishment, special people and places, many black and white photographs.

Caermardenshire 1660 - transcription of the account in John Speed's Atlas. (South & West Wales Magazine)

The Sacking of Carmarthen Workhouse, from David Williams, The Rebecca Riots. (South & West Wales Magazine)

Land and Property

Documents at the National Library of Wales.

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Merchant Marine

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Evans, M.C.S. Carmarthen and the Welsh Port Books, 1550-1603, Carmarthenshire Antiquary, vol. 3, no. 1 (1959).

Newspapers

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at Carmarthen Reference Library;

 

Huws, Richard E. Spurrell of Carmarthen: the contribution of the overseers to the success of the printing office. Carmarthenshire Antiquary 33 (1997), p. 115-121

Francis, John L. The Thunderer of South Wales: a history of the Carmarthen Journal 1810-1990. Carmarthen: [Carmarthen Journal], [1992?] [6], 98p: ill, facsims; 21cm.

Guide to the Welsh Periodical Press, 1735-1900. National Library of Wales, 1987.

Occupations

The People's Collection Wales site has material for this parish, use the onsite search box

 

Scourfield, Elfyn. Carmarthen craftsmen and implement makers. Carmarthenshire Antiquary 27 (1991), p. 61-70

Poorhouses, Poor Law

Held at Carmarthen Archives;

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Schools

Davies, J. and Thomas, H.M. Hanes pedair ysgol: Pen-y-bont, Tre-lech, Alma, Penrhiwlas, Llandysul, Gwasg Gomer (1975) 137 p. , plate: p., ill., 1 map, 1 port. [ISBN: 0850882885] [Village Primary schools, Carmarthen (District), 1804-1972]

Evans, M. An early history of Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Carmarthen, 1576 - 1800, [Carmarthen], Old Maridunians (1986) 95 p., ill., coats of arms, 1 facsim., maps, 1 plan, ports.

Grigg, Russell. History of Trinity College Carmarthen 1848-1998 Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1998. xviii, 332p.: ill., facsims., map, plans, ports.; 24 cm. [ISBN 0708314864(pbk.)]

Grigg, Russell. A Noble Institution; An Illustrated History of Trinity College, Carmarthen. Published by Gomer, site intro; " ..... provides a fascinating visual history of the second oldest institution of higher education in Wales. In 1998 Trinity College celebrated its 150th anniversary and has a proud tradition of teacher education, promoting the Welsh language and supporting the work of the Church. ....... This book will appeal to all those associated with the college, to the local community which has been served so effectively by Trinity, and to those interested in Welsh history in general......."

Jones-Davies, D. Clive. Trinity College, Carmarthen: the early years. In Education, culture and society, some perspectives on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries(ed. Gareth Elwyn Jones). (1991), p. 11-27

Jones, E Pan. Oriel Coleg Presbyteraidd Caerfyrddin 1796-1899 (The Gallery of  Carmarthen Presbyterian Collage 1796-1899) published in 1909. Contains student lists with pictures

Social Life and Customs

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

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[Gareth Hicks : 21 Dec 2012]

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