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Pigot & Co. South Wales directory for 1830

The information  below relating to Llandovery and Neighbourhood was extracted  by Gareth Hicks with the kind permission of the publishers from the CD of the same title as the main heading. (Archive CD Books)

Llandovery and Neighbourhood

Llandovery is a respectable market and borough town, in the hundred of Perfedd and county of Carmarthen; 191 miles from London, 79 from Bristol, 20 from Brecon, 18 from Lampeter, 9 from Trecastle, and 6 from Llangadock; finely situated on the river Towy, and in a fertile flat or valley, surrounded by woody hills, and intersected by numerous crystal streams: from the latter circumstances it is said to derive its name, in Welch it is spelled Llanymaddyfri.

The town consists of nine streets --- the leading or central one being wide and spacious, containing a number of well-furnished shops, and two very good inns, the 'Castle' and the 'Lamb'.

The dwellings occupied by the gentry and professional gentlemen are large and handsome, and the appearance of the place altogether is indicative of comfort and respectability. There are no manufactures carried out here; the trade of the town being sustained chiefly by the reciprocal dealings of its own inhabitants, aided by a respectable wealthy neighbourhood, and well-attended market and fairs.

The hills in the neighbourhood contain an abundance of lead ore, and some copper; but the nearest lead-mines now in work are eight miles distance, the property of the Earl of Cawdor, who is the lord of the manor of Herfryn and Perfedd. Courts leet are held occasionally, and petty sessions by the magistrates, in their room here, every Saturday. The principal municipal officer is the bailiff, elected annually from amongst the burgesses.

Here are two churches, viz. that of Llandingad, situated in the town, and Llanfairarybryn church, beautifully placed on an eminence at a short distance from it, within the liberties of the borough; the other places of worship are, a handsome chapel for the independents (which will accommodate a congregation of 1,000 persons) and one each for the Calvinists, methodists and baptists.

Here are national, Sunday, and infant schools, for the instruction of the children of the poor, chiefly supported by subscription.

Within the circuit of a few miles are several beautiful seats, some of which are most romantically situated; and about a quarter of a mile from the town, where four Roman roads centre, are the remains of a Roman station of considerable magnitude: the ruins of a castle also (evidently once of considerable strength) standing between the town and the river, adds to the picturesque character of the interesting scenery.

The market-day is Saturday; and there are seven annual fairs, viz. the Wednesday after the 17th of January, the 19th March, the Wednesday after Low-Easter, Tuesday in Whitsun week, the 31st of July, the Wednesday after the 10th of October, and the 26th of November.

Llandovery is in the parish of Llandingad, which includes many hamlets, some being in the hundred of Cayo; the entire parish contained, by the census for 1821, 1,917 inhabitants, --- of which number, 1,292 were returned for the town.

Post Office, David Rice Rees, Post Master. --- Letters from London arrive every evening at eight, and are despatched every morning at five. --- Letters from Milford Haven and Ireland arrive every morning at five, and are despatched every evening at eight. --- Letters from Bristol and Carmarthen are despatched every evening at eight. --- Letters from Lampeter, Aberayron and Aberystwith arrive by horse post every evening at half-past seven, and are despatched every morning at half-past five. --- Office opens every morning at eight, and closes every night at ten.

Gentry & Clergy

Academies & Schools



Bakers and Flour Dealers



Booksellers, Stationers & Binders

Boot & Shoe Makers


Braziers and Tin-Men

Carpenters (marked thus * are also Cabinet makers)

China, Glass etc Dealers


Corn & Flour Dealers


Fire etc Office Agents

Grocers & Drapers (marked thus* are also Ironmongers)


Hair Dressers etc

Inns (see also Taverns & Public Houses)



Milliners & Dress Makers

Painters & Glaziers

Platerers & Tilers

Printers --- Letter-Press


Stone Masons



Tallow Chandlers

Taverns & Public Houses

Tawers & Glovers

Timber Merchants

Watch Makers




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