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Llangadock

"LLANGADOCK (LLAN-GADOG-FAWR), a market-town and parish, comprising the hamlets of Above-Sawdde, Dyfryn-Cydrich, and Gwynve, in the union of LLANDOVERY, lower division of the hundred of PERVERTH, county of CARMARTHEN, SOUTH WALES, 21 miles (E.N.E.) from Carmarthen; and 188 (W. by N.) from London, and containing 2064 inhabitants. This parish, which derives its name from the dedication of its church to St. Cadog, is of very remote antiquity . . . The TOWN is beautifully situated between the rivers Brân and Sawdde, over the former of which it has a neat stone bridge of three elliptic arches . . . it consists principally of one spacious street, containing several well built houses of respectable appearance, and is abundantly supplied with water, but neither paved nor lighted. . . the parish contains coal, limestone, and lead and iron ores, the two former of which are wrought on a moderate scale, employing fifty to sixty persons each during the summer months . . . The PARISH contains 22,642 a. 3 r. 7 p., of which, by computation, 7000 acres are common, and, by admeasurement, 6812 a. 3 r. 7 p. arable, 8000 pasture and meadow, and 830 woodland; the soil is a good loam, and the chief produce, wheat, barley, and oats. . . The LIVING is a vicarage, with Llanthoysaint annexed . . . In the hamlet of Gwynve is an endowed chapel, in the gift of the Vicar of Llangadock. There are places of worship for Baptists, Independents, Wesleyans, and Calvinistic Methodists; and . . . five day schools . . ." [From A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (S. Lewis, 1844).]

Biography

A brief and authentic narrative of that unfortunate young man, Rees Thos. Rees, of Llangadock, in the County of Carmarthen, who was executed ... 19th April, 1817. Carmarthen: Evan Jones, Printer, [1817] 8p; 18cm.

Business and Commerce Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Morgan Morgan, Builders, Bryncoch, Gwynfe, Records  1920-1923   

Cemeteries

Monumental inscriptions for Gibea Congregational Chapel, Upper Brynamman, are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS.

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Llangadock area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

BRYNAMMAN, St. Catherine  1879-1881   - on the Church plans online site

GWYNFE, All Saints   1896-1900  - on the Church plans online site

For Brynaman chapels see the Cwmgors a'r Waun site

Llangadog, Capel Gwynfe and Bethlehem - contains photographs of the following;

  • St Cadog Parish Church
  • Providence chapel [Ind]
  • Gosen Methodist chapel
  • All Saints Church, Gwynfe
  • Capel Maen, Gwynfe
  • Bethlehem chapel [Ind]
  • Jerusalem chapel, Gwynfe [Ind]
  • Pontbrenaraeth Baptist chapel, Bethlehem

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Above Sawdde Hamlet
  • Llangadock Vawr Parish Church         Thomas Davies, Vicar
  • Goshen   CM     Erected in 1792, re-erected in 1840      Benjamin David Thomas, Minister
  • Ebenezer     WM             Erected in 1808            Henry Evans, Class Leader
  • Providence   Ind           Erected in 1840       John Williams, Minister
  • Dyffrun Cidrich Hamlet
  • Bethlehem  Ind                 Erected in 1800       David Jones, Minister
  • Sion, Careg Llawdde    Calvinistic Baptist         Erected in 1807      Rees Evans, Minister
  • Gwynfe Quarter Bach [Hamlet]
  • Jerusalem   Ind                     Erected before 1800                D Lewis, Deacon
  • Gibea    Ind       Erected in 1843           Hopkin Herbert, Deacon, Aman Iron Works, Nr Llandilo
  • Gwynfe Chapel, an ancient chapelry                   David Davies, Curate

 

Parish entry for Llangadock from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books)).

  • St Cadoc
  • Incumbent and Curates; J Titus
  • Rural Deanery of  Llangadock
  • Acreage 18,633 ; Population  1,128

Parish entry for Brynamman from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books)).

  • St Catherine
  • &
  • St Margaret's, Cwmllynfell
  • Incumbent and Curates; J W Hughes (D T Jones)
  • Rural Deanery of  Llandilo
  • Acreage 7,704 ; Population 5,757

Parish entry for Gwynfe from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books)).

  • All Saints
  • Incumbent and Curates; J Davies
  • Rural Deanery of  Llangadock
  • Acreage ---; Population 417

Gwynfe was an ancient chapelry here, whose pre-1812 records were entered in the Llangadock PRs. Its marriages (1837-1970) are at the Carmarthenshire R.O.

 

Evans, Joseph Llewelyn. Braslun o hanes yr achos yng Nghapel Maen, Gwynfe, (1853-1953), (Llandysul, 1953), 16p.

Griffiths, G. Milwyn. A Visitation of the Archdeaconry of Carmarthen, 1710   National Library of Wales journal. 1974, Summer Vol XVIII/3. Includes the parish of Llan Gadog

Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches) volume 3 (published 1873), pages 562-565, FHL microfilm 1559405 item 3. Here are the ( Welsh) extracts from this book relating to Providence and Bethlehem chapels (now with translations)  contributed by Darris G Williams
Also that for Gibea, Upper Brynaman - with translation

Thomas, Mair. Eglwys Gibea Brynaman 1842-1992, [Brynaman], Eglwys Annibynnol Gibea, Brynaman (1992) 88 p., ill., ports.

Church Records

Dyfed FHS have photographs and data relating to various churches and chapels on their site

Parish registers: Christenings (1708-1878), Marriages (1708-1970), Banns (1823-50) and Burials (1708-1959) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.

Bishops' Transcripts, covering the period (1677-9, 1681-7, 1690, 1693-6, 1698, 1702, 1704, 1710-11, 1716-17, 1720-1, 1724-6, 1728-9, 1735-41, 1745-84, 1787-96, 1798-1800, 1802-7, 1809-60, 1862-7, 1871) are at the National Library of Wales, and have been microfilmed by the LDS.

Marriage index for this parish - see Dyfed Marriages, 1813-1837, Vol. 21 - Perfedd Hundred (Dyfed Family History Society, c1989)

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

Nonconformist Chapels:  - for Brynaman chapels see the Cwmgors a'r Waun site

  • Bethel (Baptist, 1798), near Pontbrenaraeth                 SN65982365      Built pre-1800, rebuilt/modified 1842, 1874 & 1904  Still open 1998     Coflein
  • Sion (Baptist, c1806), Church St, Llangadog              SN70652823        Demolished by 1997          Coflein
  • Seion Old Welsh Baptist chapel, Backway, Llangadog              SN70552835                 Built 1807. Rebuilt/modified 1829 & 1886.    Still open 1998             Coflein
  •  
  • Goshen (Calvinistic Methodist, c1740), Station Rd, Llangadog              SN704287   Built 1770, [re]built 1792, rebuilt again 1840 and 1907   Coflein                Gosen Llangadog CM chapel - still open in 2006
  •  
  • Bethlehem (Independent, bef 1800), Dyffryn Ceidrych                  According to source book the chapel records are said to with those of Sardis (Mothvey) but no recorded extant records for latter unless still with that chapel              SN68742494     Built 1800 & rebuilt 1834, rebuilt/modified 1872 & again 1910-11    Coflein                      Bethlehem Ind chapel (no parish)      Shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)      See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data
    Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches) volume 3 (published 1873), pages 562-565, FHL microfilm 1559405 item 3. Here are the ( Welsh) extracts from this book relating to Bethlehem chapel (now with translations)  contributed by Darris G Williams
  • Capel Maen (Independent, bef 1852), Capel Gwynfe                 SN69552117   Built 1852 and enlarged 1864    Coflein            Capel Maen Ind chapel, Gwynfe shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
    Rees, Thomas & John Thomas.   Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches) 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Gareth Hicks (Dec 2008)
  • Jerusalem (Independent, bef 1700?), Gwynfe              Births and baptisms (1822-37) PRO RG4/4016, LDS 828113, IGI.             On Dyfed FHS               Jerwsalem Ind chapel, Gwynfe shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
    Rees, Thomas & John Thomas.   Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches) 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Gareth Hicks (Dec 2008)
  • Providence (Independent, c1820), Glandurgal             SN70642807    Built 1840; rebuilt/enlarged 1883/4     Coflein       Shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006) Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches) volume 3 (published 1873), pages 562-565, FHL microfilm 1559405 item 3. Here are the ( Welsh) extracts from this book relating to Providence chapel (now with translations)  contributed by Darris G Williams
  •  
  • Berea Independent Chapel, Cefn-bryn-brain, Quarter bach    1929-2001         A corrugated zinc-sheeted chapel, known as the "Iron Chapel", which was a branch of Cwmllynfell Independent Chapel; it closed in the 1980s. Gable entry type.    Coflein   .               See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data   
  •  
  • Ebenezer (Wesleyan Methodist, 1806), Llangadog village              Records with those of Wesleyan Chapel (Llandeilo Fawr)              SN7025     Built 1808, enlarged 1841, closed 1885     Coflein

Brynaman [formed out of Llangadog 1889]
Christenings (1881-1928) Marriages (1889-1980) Banns (1924-61) Burials (1882-1950) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.

Gwynfe [an ancient chapelry with CMB prior to 1812 entered in PR Llangadog]
Christenings and Burials (1862-) with incumbent .  Marriages (1837-1970) at Carm.RO
BTs; see Llangadog

Jerusalem Chapel photograph and basic information from Dyfed FHS.

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Llangadock which are provided by:

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

  • Llangadock Parish including Above Sawdde hamlet, Dyffryn Cidrich hamlet and Gwynfe Quarter Bach;  Area 15642 acres; Population 1365 males, 1455 females, total 2820

Places, villages, farms etc within Llangadock as shown on the online parish map from the CD of  Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Anna Brueton)

  • Quarter Bach (21); Blaen-cwm-garw, Brynamman, Cefn-bryn-brain, Cwm-nant-gwyn, Llwyn-y-moch, Rhyd-wen, Ystrad Owen
  • Dyffryn Ceidrych (22); Banc Careg-foel-gam, Beili, Bethlehem, Blaen Cennen, Blaen Llynant, Brest Cwm Llwyd, Capel Maen, Capel-ty-dyst, Careg-cegyn,Carreg Sawdde Common, Cefn Bedw, Cenf-y-coed Common, Clogau Mawr, Clyn-y-clawdd, Coed Shon, Crug-las, Cwm-cau,  Cwm-tawel, Dafada, Danrallt, Dyffryn Ceidrich, Felindre, Gareg-lwyd, Gelli Bevan, Glan Ceidrych, Glan-brwynant, Glan-Toddeb, Godre'r waen, Gwynfe Ho., Hirllwyn isaf, Hirllwyn Uchaf, Inn, Lan, Llwyn-du, Llwyn-wennol, Nant gwyn, Neuadd, Pant Meredith, Pen Arthur, Pen cae garw, Pen-Arthur-isaf, Pen-twyn, Pen-y-banc, Pen-y-bwlch, Pen-y-rhiw, Pen-y-waen, Pont Newydd, Pontbren Araeth, Rhiw-ddu, Tyn-y-waun, Waen Lwyd, Ynys moch
  • Above Sawdde (23); Bont fawr, Bryn-glas, Cae rhyn, Caeau-bychan-bach, Caeau-bychan-mawr, Cefn gorneth, Coed y Twlc, Coedcae Bedw, Gilfach, Glansevin, Mandinam. Cwm bran, Olchfa fawr, Pant maenog, Tir Mawr,Tyddyn, Ty'n lon

Llangadock Castle - on Castle Wales

Llangadog, Capel Gwynfe and Bethlehem - a community site.

Aerial photograph of Brynamman, 2001 - on People's Collection Wales site (use search box)

Dyfed (Wales) Cultural Services Department. Llandeilo, Llanymddyfri a rhan uchaf Dyffryn Tywi: mewn hen luniau. Stroud: Alan Sutton ar y cyd Cyngor Sir Dyfed a Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru, 1991. 159p: chiefly ill, ports. [ISBN 0862999758]

Gittins, R & Spencer Davies, D. The Illustrated Heart of Wales Line. Llandysul, 1985, 143 pp. Its 110 mile route from Swansea to Shrewsbury takes it through  the heartland of Wales inc. the towns and hamlets of Pantyfynnon, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog, Llandovery, Cynghordy etc, and describes each halt and station in detail.

Directories

Pigot & Co. South Wales Directory for 1830. Here are Extracts relating to Llangadock parish

Pigot & Co. South Wales Directory for 1844. Here are Extracts relating to Llangadock parish

Kellys Directory South Wales 1895. Here are Extracts for Brynamman and Quarter Bach

Kelly's Directory of South Wales, 1910. Here are Extracts relating to Brynamman, Cwmllynfell and Quarter Bach

Kelly's Directory of South Wales 1923  Here are Extracts relating to Brynamman, Cwmllynfell and Quarter Bach

Genealogy

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Lewis, Lewis, ('Awenfab o Wynfe') [of Carnau-gwynion, Gwynfe, Llangadog] papers  1732-1982      "Literary, family and business papers, 1732-1982, of Lewis Lewis ('Awenfab o Wynfe', 1837-1906), poet, of Gwynfe, Carmarthenshire, his son, Dr Ivor Lewis, St Asaph, and other members of his family........"

Carmarthenshire Families

 

Davies, Colin Thomas. Disinherited: the Williams family of Blaenllynant and Maesiago. Dyfed Family History Journal 4 (1994), p. 376-8

Davies, Vaughan. Aberglasney and the Dyer family [of Llangadog and/or Llangathen]. Journal of Dyfed FHS Vol 7/2 Aug 2000.

Rawlins, José. David Jones, Pastor of Jerusalem, Gwynfe. Dyfed FHS Journal (Dec. 1997)

Trollope, Glynden. Dr John Rees RN, 1808-1878. Dyfed FHS journal vol 8/8 April 2005. A Crimean War connection. "John Rees was raised at Capel Ty Dist near Llangadog - in 1854 he was the Surgeon on board the Flag-ship 'Britannia' in the Black Sea........"

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Llangadock has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

History

Here are a selection of Llangadog related snippets contributed by Anna Brueton. The subjects covered are; Llangadog Vestry Books, The Gwynfe Missionaries, Two Llangadog murders, Manorial Rent Rolls.

Edwards, Hywel Teifi [ed.] Cwm Aman [Amman Valley]. Gomer 1996. In Welsh.  There is a list of chapter headings and photographs on Cwmgors and Gwaun-cae-gurwen

Rees, Enoch. The History of Brynamman 1883 & 1896. (Trans. from the original Welsh by Ivor Griffiths, Gorseinon.) Here is an index for the English version, with contents listing, and an index for the Welsh version, both by Anna Brueton

Lloyd, Sir John E., (Ed.). A History of Carmarthenshire (2 vols.), Cardiff, London Carmarthenshire Society (1935, 1939). Extracts from this book can be accessed on some parish pages, see here for this parish

Walters, Huw [Dr]. Canu'r Pwll a'r Pulpud. Cyhoeddiadau Barddas, Swansea; 1987, 397 pp. A study of the Welsh culture of the anthracite coalfield before 1914 - particularly Brynaman, and the Aman Valley areas. There are chapters on folk-lore, growth of industry and population, nonconformity, the eisteddfod etc. It brought the author  the Welsh Arts Council Prize for the best work of literary criticism in 1988, the Board of Celtic Studies Prize and the Sir Ellis Jones Ellis-Griffith Prize in 1989. Here is a translation of the Preface by Professor Caerwyn William, list of Contents and brief Introduction.

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Elias collection of Carmarthenshire estate papers  1740-1912      "I. D. E. Elias was a firm of Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, solicitors, active in the 1970s. The firm accumulated deeds and papers relating to several estates in the area, including the Carreg Cennen, Pant Meredith, Crug n Cwn (Keven Hirath) and Cefnucheldre estates. The Carreg Cennen estate, in the parishes of Llandeilo Fawr and Llangadog, Carmarthenshire, was leased by the Lawford family in the 18th-19th centuries and the Powell family in the 20th century. The Howell family held Pant Meredith, Llangadog, Carmarthenshire, from 1758. ..............."  
  • Llwynyronnen Estate   1753-1961             "The Llwynyronnen estate, formerly known as Tyr yr Inn, was situated in the parishes of Bettws and Llangadog, Carmarthenshire. During the early 19th century the estate was owned by the Lewis family of Tynywain..........."  
  • Taliaris Muniments     ".................. and papers relating to the Danyrallt estate, Llangadog, Carmarthenshire, [c. 1833]-[c. 1904]."
  • Glansevin estate, records   1543, 1578-1919             "The Lloyd family of Glansevin in the parish of Llangadog, Carmarthenshire, claimed descent from Ideo Gwyllt, earl of Desmond.............."

Documents at the National Library of Wales:

  • Deeds relating to the Lloyd family of Dan-yr-allt, Llangadog, Carmarthenshire, 1537-1674. Other records at Carmarthen Archives.
  • Estate records, C16-C20, of the family of Lloyd of Glansevin and Mandinam, Llangadog.
  • Records from the office of D.T.M. Jones, Llandovery, solicitor. Include office correspondence from 1775 and records relating to the estates of Abermarlais, Briwnant, Cynghordy, Glansevin, Glanyrannell, Llwyncelyn and Ton, Carmarthenshire.

Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN706284 (Lat/Lon: 51.938976, -3.883838), Llangadock which are provided by:

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Llangadog Parish Council and Community Council Records  1894-1986

[Gareth Hicks : 18 Dec 2012]