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"LLANGAIN (LLAN-GAIN), a parish, in the higher division of the hundred of DERLLYS, union and county of CARMARTHEN, SOUTH WALES, 4 miles (S.S.W.) from Carmarthen; containing 403 inhabitants. This parish is beautifully situated on the north bank of the river Towy, which is navigable for ships of considerable burthen; and comprises a large extent of arable and pasture land, inclosed and in a good state of cultivation. The soil is extremely favourable to the growth of corn, of which great quantities are raised of a quality not surpassed by that of any other part of the principalIty; and the surrounding scenery is richly diversified, the views comprehending a portion of the beautiful vale of Towy, with the ivy-mantled ruins of Green Castle overhanging the river, and other picturesque and pleasing features. . . The church, dedicated to St. Synin, is a neat edifice, occupying the summit of a lofty eminence above the vale of Towy . . . About 25 children are educated at a day school at the expense of their parents; and 60 in a Sunday school gratuitously." [From A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (S. Lewis, 1844).]

Church History

LLANGAIN, St. Cain   1869-1872  - on the Church plans online site

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants


Griffiths, G. Milwyn. A Visitation of the Archdeaconry of Carmarthen, 1710   National Library of Wales journal. 1974, Summer Vol XVIII/3. Includes the parish of Llan Gain

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books)).


Williams, H. St. Cain's Church, Llangain: a brief history and guide, Llangain, Dyfed, Llangain Parochial Church Council (1989) 32 p., ill.

Church Records

Dyfed FHS have photographs and data relating to various churches and chapels on their site

PR CB (1772-1812) recorded in 1831 and (1760-1806) in 1933 apparently lost. A former curate of this parish is alleged to have given an earlier PR of unknown extent to a Carmarthen solicitor who had offered him 40 for it.  PR going back ' about 50 years' recorded c1790.

Parish registers: Christenings (1807-1993), Marriages (1772-1837) Banns (1825-45) , Burials (1813-1993)  are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.

Copy ts PR index C (1813-74) M (1772-1875) B (1813-75) at NLW and Carm.RO

Bishops' Transcripts, covering the period (?1672, 1679, 1681-3, 1694, 1696-9, 1701, 1703, 1707-8, 1711, 1713, 1717-18, 1720-7, 1729-47, 1749-62, 1765-70, 1772-88, 1790-1800, 1802-12, 1814-37, 1842-7, 1849-56, 1858-65) are at the National Library of Wales, and have been microfilmed by the LDS.

An Index to Christenings (1813-1875), Marriages (1772-1875) and Burials (1813-1875) is available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS.

Marriage index for this parish - see Dyfed Marriages, 1813-1837, Vol. 14 - Derllys Hundred (Dyfed Family History Society, c1989).

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

Nonconformist Chapels:

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Llangain    as shown on the online parish map from the CD of   Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)


Lloyd, Sir John E., (Ed.). A History of Carmarthenshire (2 vols.), Cardiff, London Carmarthenshire Society (1935, 1939). Extracts from this book can be accessed on some parish pages, here are snippets for this parish;

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Held at Carmarthen Archives;


Public Records

Llangain Parish Council Records and Community Council Records  1894-1985


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[Gareth Hicks:  21 Dec 2012]

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