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"TRELCH-AR-BETTWS (TRF-LLCH A'R BETTWS), a parish, in the higher division of the hundred of ELVET, union and county of CARMARTHEN, SOUTH WALES, 8 miles (N.W. by W.) from Carmarthen; containing 1620 inhabitants. This parish comprises a large tract of arable and pasture, inclosed, and a very extensive district of uncultivated land, consisting chiefly of heath and turbaries, from which latter the inhabitants principally obtain their fuel, and which also afford a supply to the neighbouring parishes. The surface is uneven and in some parts hilly. The petty-sessions for the hundred are held here every month. . . The church, dedicated to St. Teilo, and situated within two miles of the turnpike-road from Carmarthen to Cardigan, was rebuilt in 1834, and is a neat and commodious structure: Capel Bettws is a chapel of ease for it. There are two places of worship for Independents, one for Methodists, and one for Baptists. A school was founded in 1804 . . . it contains about 70 children . . . There are also three day schools, in which about 110 children are educated at their parents' expense; and five Sunday schools, containing about 385 males and females, supported by subscription. . . In the parish is a remarkable barrow, called Crg-y-Deyrn, or the "King's Barrow,", about sixty paces in circumference at the base . . ." [From A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (S. Lewis, 1844).]

Business and Commerce Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Church History

TRELECH-A'R-BETTWS, St. Teilo   1834-1835      - on the Church plans online site

Capel Bettws - on the Cistercian Way site

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants


Parish entry for Trelech-a'r-Bettws with Bettws from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books)).

Davies, B. Cofgolofn: sef byr-hanes eglwys Capel y Graig, Trelech, o'i sefydliad hyd ymweliad y Gymanfa Dair-sirol hi yn 1896, (Llandysul, 1896), 48p.

Griffiths, G. Milwyn. A Visitation of the Archdeaconry of Carmarthen, 1710   National Library of Wales journal. 1974, Summer Vol XVIII/3. Includes the parish of  Tre 'Lech and chapel of ease of Bettws

Church Records

Dyfed FHS have photographs and data relating to various churches and chapels on their site

Parish registers: Christenings (1663-1897), Marriages (1663-1970) and Burials (1663-1886) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.

Facsimile Parish registers: Christenings, Marriages and Burials (1663-1796) are at the National Library of Wales.

Copy ts PR index CB (1813-75) M (1663-1875) at NLW and Carm.RO

Bishops' Transcripts, covering the period (1678-86, 1690-1, 1693-1703, 1705, 1707-8, 1710-11, 1713, 1715, 1717-18, 1720-2, 1724-62, 1764-72, 1774-8, 1780-1, 1783-90, 1792-7, 1802-8, 1810-14, 1816-77) are at the National Library of Wales, and have been microfilmed by the LDS.

Here is a partial and ongoing transcription of the Bishops Transcripts for this parish by Katherine Hocking

An Index to Christenings (1813-1875), Marriages (1663-1875) and Burials (1813-1875) is available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS.

Marriage index for this parish - see Dyfed Marriages, 1813-1837, Vol. 15 - Elvet Hundred (Dyfed Family History Society, c1989)

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

Nonconformist Chapels:

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Tre-Lech a'r Betws as shown on the online parish map from the CD of  Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Katherine Hocking)


Carmarthenshire Families


Lloyd, Sir John E., (Ed.). A History of Carmarthenshire (2 vols.), Cardiff, London Carmarthenshire Society (1935, 1939). Extracts from this book can be accessed on some parish pages, see here for this parish

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;



Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Carmarthen United . An example of undercapitalisation in a mid 19th century lead venture. "Although undoubtedly the site of a much earlier working the Trelech mine was opened up as Carmarthen United in about 1855 / 56.........."
Personal names included in "Amounts due to miners and surface workers for work carried out at Carmarthen United Mine, November 1859 to March 1860 inclusive."

Claughton, Peter. Carmarthen United: an example of undercapitalisation in a mid 19th century lead venture, British Mining No. 50, 1994, pp.149 - 157.[See above.]. See also the diaries of Williams,  David,  a carpenter working for Lewis Evans at the Llanfyrnach Mine.From this it is clear that Trelech (Carmarthen United) Mine was actively investigated by Evans during 1888. The diaries have been published in part in Clebran (papur bro'r Preseli) Rhif 235, Ionawr 1996.


Davies, J. and Thomas, H.M. Hanes pedair ysgol: Pen-y-bont, Tre-lech, Alma, Penrhiwlas, Llandysul, Gwasg Gomer (1975) 137 p., plate: p., ill., 1 map, 1 port. [ISBN: 0850882885]
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[Gareth Hicks : 20 Dec 2012]

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