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"A parish in the Union of Oswestry, hundred of Chirk, county of Denbigh. ..... This parish is bounded on the north by the river Dee, and on the south by the Ceiriog, which unite on its eastern side. It lies at the foot of the Berwyn range of mountains, which skirt it on the west, and its surface is somewhat uneven, rising from the village to an eminence on which the castle is situated, on the western side, with the Berwyns beyond, and on the eastern to another elevation, from the brow of which there is a delightful prospect of the plain of Salop, on the one side, and on the other a nearer view of part of the Vale of Llangollen. ..... The village is pleasantly situated on the northern bank of the river Ceiriog, which, flowing through a small vale of great beauty, here separates the counties of Denbigh and Salop, and consequently Wales and England."
[ A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1833 & 1849, Samuel Lewis]

The parish comprises the townships of Chirk, Bryncynallt, Halton, Gwernospin and Penyclawdd.



Church History

See Welsh Chapels and Churches for a photograph of St Mary's Church

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 291376.
There is believed to have been a Christian church on the site since the 7th century. The earliest written records, which date from 1163, refer to "Warinus, priest of Chirklands". The church was mentioned in the Lincoln Taxation of 1291.
There were extensive alterations to the Norman structure during the late 15th century; and various renovations and restorations during the early 19th century. The church was partly rebuilt after being damaged by fire in the early hours of Christmas Day, 1853. Further restoration work was carried out in 1877.

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Denbigh - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of Chirk :

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Black Park Primitive Methodists (English language) 400
Pont y Blew Primitive Methodists (English language) 100
Chirk Green United Methodist Free Church (English language) 300
Jubilee Wesleyans (English language) 50
Waen Wesleyans 40
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Church Records

Parish Registers

Baptisms Marriages Burials
1678 - 1956 1611 - 1971 1611 - 1975
Baptisms Marriages Burials
1666 - 1812 1612 - 1812 1611 - 1812

Bishop's Transcripts

Deposited at the National Library of Wales Microfilmed copies
1663 - 1852 1666 - 1852


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Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Chirk was assigned to the No. 4 ("St. Martin's") sub-district of the Oswestry Registration District; which was co-extensive with the Oswestry Incorporation poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Chirk are in the format :

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

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Description and Travel

Chirk and Ceiriog Valley site

Chirk Castle - on National Trust site

Chirk - on wikipedia

Chirk Castle - on castle wales


View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

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