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"A parish in the Union of Llanrwst, hundred of Isaled, county of Denbigh, 6 miles (ESE) from Llanrwst. ..... Within this parish, which is situated in the mountainous district of the county, are the sources of the rivers Elwy, Aled and Alwen, upon the first of which, about two miles below its source, the village is pleasantly seated. The surface of the surrounding country is beautifully diversified, and in many parts the scenery is highly picturesque: within the parish are three noble lakes, Llyn Alwen, Llyn Moelvre, and Llyn Aled, the last of which is enclosed on almost every side by mountains covered with dark and barren heath."
[ A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1833 & 1849, Samuel Lewis]

This is a remote and mountainous parish of about 6000 acres, divided into two townships, Is-llan and Uwch-llan. At one time, there were two other townships, Pennant and Cornwal.



Church History

Ordnance Survey reference SH 877614.
Gwytherin was a place of very early ecclesiastical note, and legend has it that St. Winifred, after leaving Holywell, became Abbess of a convent there. The original church appears to have been founded by St. Eleri. It was re-built at some early period, and re-dedicated in the name of St. James. This building in turn became very dilapidated, and was taken down in 1867. The new church, which was consecrated on 3 June 1869, was dedicated to St. Winifred.

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

Gwytherin churchyard - on the Megalithic portal

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Denbigh - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of Gwytherin :

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Cae'rgraig (administered jointly)
Calvinistic Methodists 230
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Church Records

Parish Registers

Baptisms Marriages Burials
1718 - 1992 1718 - 1970 1718 - 1994
Baptisms Marriages Burials
1667 - 1812 1672 - 1812 1667 - 1812

Bishop's Transcripts

Deposited at the National Library of Wales Microfilmed copies
1667 - 1835 1671 - 1835


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Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Gwytherin was assigned to the No. 1 ("Llanrwst") sub-district of the Llanrwst Registration District; which was co-extensive with the Llanrwst poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Gwytherin are in the format :

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

Description and Travel

Gwytherin - on the hiraethog site

Gwytherin - on Vision of Britain

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View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

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Social Life and Customs

Nash, Roy.  Family and Economic Structure in C19th Wales : Llangernyw and Gwytherin in 1871   (NLW's site)  Welsh History Review 11
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