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"A market town, the head of a Union, and a parish ..... chiefly in the Uchdulas division of the hundred of Isdulas, county of Denbigh; 20 miles (W by S) from Denbigh, 26 (W by N) from Ruthin, and 217 (NW by W) from London; containing 3601 inhabitants. ..... The town is pleasantly situated on the eastern bank of the river Conway, four miles to the north of the road to Holyhead, and in the spacious and beautiful vale of Llanrwst, environed by majestic and well-wooded hills. ..... The parish is upwards of forty miles in circumference."
[ A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1833 & 1849, Samuel Lewis]

The ancient parish of Llanrwst was of great extent. It comprised the township of Gwydir, in Caernarfonshire (the area of which was 7694 acres); and a number of townships in Denbighshire, with an area of 15,298 acres. These townships were Cilcennis, Tre'r Dre Isaf, Tre'r Dre Uchaf, Garthgyfannedd, Mathebrwd, Tybrith Isaf, Tybrith Uchaf, and Garth Garmon, in Denbighshire.
In 1866, a portion of the township of Gwydir was transferred by an Order in Council to the parish of Capel Curig, in Caernarfonshire.
Tybrith Ucha and Garth Garmon had for many years operated, unofficially, as the parish of Capel Garmon; and this was made official in 1927.


  • 1470-1970 quin-centenary souvenir and celebration programme, November 29th - December 6th, 1970     Llanrwst : [St. Grwst's Church], 1970.
  • A guide to Bettws-y-Coed and Llanrwst         Manchester : A. Heywood & Son ; London : E.W. Allen, [1905]  
  • A guide to Llanrwst and Bettws-y-coed         Manchester : Heywood, [c1878]
  • A guide to Llanrwst and Bettws-y-coed         Manchester : Abel Heywood & Son, [1888?]
  • Ancient and historic Llanrwst        1863?
  • Betws-y-coed, Capel Curig, Llanrwst, Llandudno, Colwyn Bay, Snowdon and North Wales (northern section).      3rd ed      London : Ward, Lock, 1965. & 1962
  • Brown,  Colin and Mary.     Clockmakers of Llanrwst        Wrexham : Bridge Books, 1993.
  • Cymru, Lloegr a Llanrwst        Hanes Llanrwst, Rhif 1 (2004), 11-12
  • Davies, Gwilym Prys.   Cymru, Lloegr a Llanrwst         Barn, 443/444 (Ionawr 2000), p. 28-31 
  • Eglwys Gatholic Llanrwst, 15.1.05          Llanrwst : John Lloyd Roberts, Argraphydd, [1905?]
  • Eglwys Fedyddiedig Penuel Llanrwst 1790-1990          [Llanrwst] : [Eglwys Fedyddiedig Penuel], 1990.        
  • Ellis, Susan C.         Llanrwst church mizes         Gwreiddiau Gwynedd = Gwynedd Roots, 1/58 (Spring / Summer 2010), p. 20-21
  • Hanes Clwb Criced Llanrwst          Llanrwst : Llanrwst Cricket Club , [199-].        
  • Hanes Llanrwst.          Llanrwst : Cymdeithas Hanes Llanrwst, 2004        
  • Hen dafarndai Llanrwst        Hanes Llanrwst, Rhif 1 (2004), 28.        
  • Hen luniau Llanrwst a'r cyffiniau.      [Llanrwst : Cymdeithas Hanes Llanrwst, 2005]        
  • Hen siopau Llanrwst       Hanes Llanrwst, Rhif 1 (2004), 29        
  • Heol Watling, Llanrwst       Vol. 1.         Llanrwst : Cymdeithas Hanes Llanrwst a'r cylch, 2004.
  • Illustrated programme of the Vale of Conway Chair and Crown Eisteddfod to be held at Llanrwst, Whit-Monday, May 23rd, 1904.      Llanrwst : Printed at the Rhedegydd Office, [1904?]
  • Jesus Hospital - Llanrwst (Free school and almshouses)         London : printed by C. Roworth, 1851.
  • Jobbin, Siôn.       Israel, Palesteina a Llanrwst         Barn, Rhif 494 (Mawrth 2004), 4-7 
  • Jones, John Ellis.     Llanrwst Grammar School         [Denbigh] : Denbighshire Historical Society, 2007 printing.
  • Llangernyw, Llanrwst a Chymru         Llanrwst : Gwasg Carreg Gwalch, 2005.
  • Llanrwst Grammar School 350th anniversary 1610-1960.        1962?
  • Llanrwst & Trefriw / Capel: Cymdeithas Treftadaeth y Capeli.          [Aberystwyth] : Capel: Cymdeithas Treftadaeth y Capeli, [2007?]
  • Llanrwst Society for the Prosecution of Felons, established May 22, 1819        Llanrwst : Printed by John Jones, [1819?]
  • Llanrwst town guide         [Llanrwst Town Council], [1988?]
  • Llawlyfr arddangosfa celfyddyd a chrefft : Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Frenhinol Cymru, Llanrwst, 1951.         Llanrwst : Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru, Llanrwst, 1951.
  • Llawlyfr Undeb Dyffryn Conwy a Gogledd Arfon yn Llanrwst, 1967.         Llanrwst: Undeb yr Annibynwyr Cymraeg, 1967.
  • Official guide to Llanrwst and district / published under the auspices of the Llanrwst urban district council.         London: John Miller, [1931]
  • Owain,  G. Eryl.   Hanes yn Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy, Llanrwst      Welsh Historian 6 (Autumn 1986), p. 15-17
  • Pritchard, Telfryn.     Further light on the building of Llanrwst bridge         Transactions (Caernarvonshire Historical Society), Vol. 66 (2005), p. 38-54 
  • Roberts, Dennis  (Penmaemawr).     Llanrwst recalled     Gwreiddiau Gwynedd = Gwynedd Roots, 1/50 (2006), p. 12-13
  • Thomas, W E.    Dau can mlynedd o hanes achos Methodistiaeth Galfinaidd yn Llanrwst, 1768 - 1968     Llanrwst : J. Lloyd Roberts a'i Gwmni, [1968]  
  • Tucker, Norman.       Llanrwst         Ashbourne : Landmark, 2002.
  • Vernon, R W.    Conservation of mining sites in the Gwydyr Forest area of the Snowdonia National Park, [with special reference to Llanrwst Mine scheme]       Industrial Archaeology Review 12 (1989), p. 77-83         
  • Wicklen, S I.       History of printers and printing in Llanrwst         Conwy : Cader Idris Books, [1986]
  • Williams, Alun Rawson.     A 1692 land tax return for Llanrwst         Hel achau, 21 (1987), p. 9-12 
  • Williams, Eric.   Ffarmio fel a fu [Carmel, Llanrwst]         Fferm a Thyddyn. Rhif 8 (Calan Gaeaf 1991), p. 22-24
  • Williams, Leonard.   Llanrwst Urban District          2nd ed.         Croydon : Home Publishing Co., [1955?]
  • Williams, V.   Atgofion am ardal Carmel, Llanrwst       Fferm a thyddyn, 23 (Calan Mai 1999), p. 8.
  • Williams, V.   Atgofion am gylch Llanrwst a'r Dyffryn        Fferm a thyddyn, Rhif 20 (Calan Gaeaf 1997), p. 17-18.       
  • Wynn, Marjorie.     Llanrwst and its almshouses       Country Quest. May 2007, p.8-9.

Church History

See Welsh Chapels and Churches for a photograph of Seion, Llanwrst

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Denbigh - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of "Llanrwst Urban" :

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Penuel Baptists 110
Scotland Street Calvinistic Methodists 425
Seion Calvinistic Methodists 750
Ebenezer Congregationalists 50
Tabernacl Congregationalists 230
Horeb Wesleyans 277
Not named Wesleyans (English language) 50
"Welsh Church Commission - County of Denbigh - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of "Llanrwst Rural" :
Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Bethel Calvinistic Methodists 170
Seion, Capel Garmon Calvinistic Methodists 150
Carmel Calvinistic Methodists 138
Nantyrhiw Congregationalists 161
Siloam, Capel Garmon Congregationalists 150
Bethania, Capel Garmon Wesleyans 60

Church Records

Details of the records are given under the entries for the individual Churches (see Church History).

Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Llanrwst was assigned to the No. 1 ("Llanrwst") sub-district of the Llanrwst Registration District; which was co-extensive with the Llanrwst poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Llanrwst are in the format :

  • Years 1837 - 1851: Llanrwst XXVII. nnn
  • Years 1851 - 1930: Llanrwst 11b. nnn

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Llanrwst which are provided by:

Llanrwst - on wikipedia

Llanrwst - aerial view in 1994 on the People's Collection Wales site

Llanrwst - tourist site

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Llanrwst has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SH797616 (Lat/Lon: 53.137919, -3.799834), Llanrwst which are provided by:


  • In 1831- the population was 3601.
  • In 1901- the population was 3669.
    [ Royal Commission on the Welsh Church - October 1907]


  • Archdeacon Thomas gives the area of the parish as about 11,000 acres.
    [ The History of the Diocese of St. Asaph , 1908-1913, Ven. D.R. Thomas]